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World War, 1939-1945

 Subject
Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings

Found in 76 Collections and/or Records:

Harold Schein scrapbooks

 Collection
Identifier: P-778
Abstract Consists of the contents of two scrapbooks created by Harold Schein. Each scrapbook is primarily composed of news clippings and articles. Scrapbook #1, dated 1929-1946, 1964-1966, 1971, 1981, 1985, includes articles regarding archeological and scientific evidence supporting Bible events, Christian theology and philosophy pertaining to capitalism and modern developments, religion versus atheism, Christian and Jewish relations, and religious art. Additional articles concern Rev. Charles Coughlin and the Christian Front (1940), Passion plays (1934), analysis of Jews' situation in Germany (1932), Jewish identity (1960s), and Jewish religious decline (1970s). Information regarding a relative of Mr. Schein, Bernard Schein, who served as official shirtmaker to King Carol in Rumania is also available. Scrapbook #2 is dated 1932-1945 and focuses on the Bolshevik revolution, the situation in Germany, Japan and US relations, World War II, and the Senate's munitions inquiry (1934). Items of interest include an article describing the fourth Annual Women's Conference on Current Problems (1934), the "Minneapolis Star Journal" headline announcing Pres. Roosevelt's death April 12, 1945, and the "Minneapolis Daily Times" news of victory August 18, 1945.
Dates: 1929-1946, 1964-1966, 1971, 1981, 1985

Harvey P. Newton Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 5827
Abstract This collection documents the life and career of Harvey P. Newton, including life during Nazi Germany and the Holocaust. Personal papers include correspondence, family history, school, military, and work-related documents. Papers about Nazi Germany include documents concerning World War II, concentration camps, and war veterans.
Dates: 19th century, 1920-2000

Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society (HIAS) Records

 Collection
Identifier: I-363
Abstract The records of the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society, now known as HIAS, comprise much of the history of HIAS through the second half of the 20th century, primarily through the files created by leadership based in the New York headquarters. Since the 1880s HIAS has worked with immigrants and refugees to help them emigrate legally from their home countries to safe resettlement in the United States and elsewhere, and they continue this work today. The records focus on files of the Executive Directors, including James P. Rice, Gaynor I. Jacobson and Karl D. Zukerman, and other material created by executive staff and by the Board of Directors. Also of importance is the work of the HIAS United States Operations Department in the New York office, handling the everyday details of immigration documentation, migration issues and resettlement activities in connection with communities throughout the United States, and in coordination with HIAS staff in overseas offices and the other departments in New York and Washington, D.C. In addition, more than 1100 files of legacy photographs have been digitized as part of this project and made accessible online.
Dates: undated, 1909-2003; Majority of material found within 1954-2000

Hecht and Gottschalk Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 5605
Abstract This collection contains the personal papers of members of the Hecht, Bielefeld, Günther, and Gottschalk families. Materials range widely in time period and content, providing insight into varied experience of these families from the mid-19th century to the mid-20th century. Materials include vital records, emigration records, apprenticeship and journeyman records for a merchant, education records, letters of recommendation, personal correspondence, military records from World War I and World War II, restitution claims, property records, tax and financial records, friendship books (Poesiealben), documents related to religious services during military service, family trees, photographs, a diary about emigration, and a Hebrew primer.
Dates: 1957-1980

Heinrich Stahl Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 7171
Abstract This collection documents the work of Heinrich Stahl, chairman of the Jewish community in Berlin from 1933-1942. The collection contains eleven photo albums, most of which feature photographs detailing Jewish institutions such as children's homes and old-age homes, as well as an office of the Jüdische Winterhilfe. In addition, the collection contains correspondence, including from Stahl's time as chairman, clippings, and a few reports.
Dates: 1932-1970

Helmut Galliner Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 4711
Abstract This collection contains a few letters and a number of Galliner's writings, some in manuscript format but most taken from German and German-Jewish newspapers during the Third Reich.
Dates: 1920s-1964; 1968

Herbert Kriedman Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25640
Abstract The Herbert Kriedman Collection documents Herbert Kriedman's work as a professor at Nassau Community College. Much of the collection centers on his academic writing and collected research, including copies of reports on German financial institutions in Nazi Germany. In addition, there is some documentation of his early professional career and attempts to have his writing published.
Dates: 1939-2002; Majority of material found within 1946-1978

Hermann Simon Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 6372 / MF 1033
Abstract This collection records the life and profession of the lawyer Hermann Simon as well as provides information on the lives of some of his family members. Notable topics in the collection consist of his university and legal education, his service in World War II, and his legal work, including restitution. Other subjects include the histories of the Epstein and Simon families. The collection consists largely of correspondence, but also contains memoirs, clippings, publications, and notes.
Dates: 1908-1989; Majority of material found within 1918-1945

Irene S. Woods papers

 Collection — Consolidated Box P22, Folder: P-762
Identifier: P-762
Abstract Contains articles and writings by Irene S. Woods regarding her life in Berlin at the beginning of World War II, and in Boston, MA as a refugee. Includes reprinted letters written by Woods' grandmother, Jenny Pelz, to friends and family 1939-1941.
Dates: 1988-1991

Jews in France collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 4078
Abstract Original documents from France pertaining to her Jewish population during World War I; the inter-war period; and the time of German occupation during World War II. Most documents originated with the Comité français d’information et d’action auprès des Juif des pays neutres and with the Alliance Israélite Universelle.
Dates: 1915-1943

Jews in Germany after 1945 collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 4197
Abstract The collection consists of clippings from West-German, Swiss, and US newspapers, as well as some correspondence, published materials and ephemera, describing various aspects of Jews in Germany after the Holocaust.
Dates: 1951-1995

Johannes and Gertrude Urzidil Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 7110 / MF 474
Abstract This collection focuses on the work and lives of author Johannes and poet Gertrude Urzidil. It contains drafts of published works, correspondence, clippings, personal documents, financial and legal documents, objects, photographs, and audio cassette tapes.
Dates: 1753-1996

John H. E. Fried Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 7262 / MF 490 / MF 485
Abstract The John H. E. Fried Collection contains legal briefs prepared by Fried as a legal consultant to the Nuremberg Tribunal. Manuscripts, legal briefs, clippings, offprints, and memoranda by Fried, Justice Robert Jackson, John J. McCloy and others, cover a range of topics including war crimes, National Socialism, international law, and human rights. The collection contains proceedings of war crimes trials, in particular those of the Nuremberg Tribunal. Also of interest are drafts and research notes by Fried for books on human rights and international justice.
Dates: 1815-1995

John Peters (Pinkus) Family Papers

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25520
Abstract This collection contains correspondence, family keepsakes, legal records and other papers of the John Peters family, descended from the Pinkus family of Upper Silesia. The family was notable for its large textile factory in Neustadt, Germany (now Prudnik, Poland) and involvement in local culture, politics, and civil life. "Aryanization" forced Hans Hubert Pinkus, John’s father, to emigrate and take his family to the UK in 1939. The John Peters (Pinkus) Family Papers document the lives and the relationships of these men and their families in the decades after WWII, including legal applications for restitution.
Dates: 1827-2005; Majority of material found within 1938-1990s

Julius Klein Papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-835
Abstract Contains copies of correspondence, a dossier, memorandum, news articles, and press releases relating to Major General Klein's career in both World Wars; his service as Past National Commander of the Jewish War Veterans and Past President of the Jewish War Veterans of the U.S.A. Memorial in Washington, D.C.; and his involvement in establishing diplomatic relations between Israel and Western Germany in 1965. Major correspondents include David Ben-Gurion, Kurt Birrenbach, Abba Eban, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Ludwig Erhard, Levi, Eshkol, Golda Meir, and Felix E. Shinnar.
Dates: undated, 1931, 1948, 1955, 1957, 1960-1971

Karl L. Heiman Collection.

 Collection
Identifier: AR 10032 / MF 803
Scope and Content Note Folder 1 contains Short biography of Karl Heiman; letters to the editor by Karl Heiman; letter by his daughter on the occasion of K. Heiman's 70th birthday; recollections of a Jewish war veteran of WWII; various speeches by Karl Heiman; newspaper clippings; article about Heiman Thorah; articles about the restauration of Oberdorf Synagogue. Folder 2 contains LBI newsletter (Summer 1999); brochure about the Museum of Jewish History in the Ostalbkreis; various quotes from prominent people including: Albert Einstein, Leo Baeck, Martin Niemoeller; biography of Karl Heiman; Clippings related to the history of the Heiman Torah; speech by Karl L. Heiman at the rededication of the Oberdorf Synagogue (1993); Karl Heiman articles in Newsday and other publications; "Reminiscences and Observations on Being a Jewish War Veteran of WWII" (by Karl Heiman, March 1944); clippings related to Nazi activities; letter from David Heimann commemorating the 4th Heimann day (June 17, 1928; article about resistance against Jewish persecution in Oberdorf (Felix Sutschek); article about the history of the Jews in West Ries; memoirs by Margot Wertheimer.
Dates: [unknown]

Kurt Hohenemser Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25643
Abstract This collection documents the personal and professional life of aerospace engineer Kurt Heinrich Hohenemser (1906-2001) in Germany and the United States. Mainly comprised of diaries and correspondence, materials in this collection describe Hohenemser’s education in Germany, work at and dismissal from the University of Göttingen in 1933, work for the aircraft manufacturer Anton Flettner during World War II, attempts to regain his position at Göttingen, and his family’s immigration to and new life in the United States. Correspondence with family and friends throughout Germany includes discussion of the political, economic, and social situation in Germany both during the World War II and during the post-war and Cold War periods. Also included in the collection are official documents and correspondence pertaining to Kurt Hohenemser’s parents, the musicologist Richard Heinrich Hohenemser (1870-1942) and his wife Alice Matilda Florence Hohenemser née Salt (1879-1942).
Dates: undated, 1885-2007; Majority of material found within 1931-2001

Kurt Roberg Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25582
Abstract The Kurt Roberg Collection focuses on the immigration and wartime experiences of Kurt Roberg and other members of the Roberg and Marx families, in addition to documentation on the genealogy of the families. The collection contains considerable correspondence, official and other documents, photographs and genealogical research.
Dates: 1818, 1882,1904-2013; Majority of material found within 1938-1946

Leopold Schwarzschild Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 7043 / MF 571
Abstract Correspondence with individuals and organizations, including Clifford Case, Max Eastman, the Emergency Rescue Committee, Bruno Frank, Manfred George, Hermann Kesten, H.R. Knickerbocker, Alfred Knopf, Emil Ludwig, Erika Mann, Klaus Mann, James G. McDonald, Maxwell Perkins, Victor Polzer, Curt Riess, Ernst Rowohlt, Friedrich Sternthal, Max Warburg, Franz Werfel, and Carl Zuckmayer.



Manuscripts of articles, speeches, and radio broadcasts by Schwarzschild; manuscripts and reviews of his books, including World in Trance and The Red Prussian.
Dates: 1940-1955

Letters from Günter Riegner

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25514
Abstract Letters from Günter Riegner in Berlin, France, and Switzerland to his brother Otto in Philadelphia.
Dates: 1937-1946

Levi Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25743
Abstract The Levi Family Collection primarily tells the story of Eric Levi and his family from Ellwangen, Germany, especially focusing on his loss of schooling in Ellwangen and later service in the United States Army during World War II. The collection also includes information on the family of Inge Levi (née Thalheimer), the Thalheimer family of Bensheim. The collection includes many photographs, official documents, newspaper clippings, military records, articles about Eric Levi as well as the Thalheimer family, some correspondence, a scrapbook, and other documentation.
Dates: 1928-2011

Louis H. Tankin World War II Memoirs

 Collection — Consolidated Box P24, Folder: P-830
Identifier: P-830
Abstract The folder contains Tankin's article "Prisoner of War," published in the Maryland Medical Journal in November 1995 and a unpublished manuscript that provides a longer version of his memoirs. Tankin served as a battalion surgeon and was taken prisoner along with two of his men while trying to rescue wounded from over enemy lines.
Dates: undated, 1992, 1995

Lt. Col. Rachel Diane (Rae) Landy Papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-785
Abstract Lt. Col. Rachel Diane (Rae) Landy was a nursing pioneer in the development of health services in Palestine under the auspices of Hadassah from 1913-1915, and served as a U.S. Army nurse in World War I through World War II. The collection documents hospital care in Palestine and the history of Hadassah; career women in the early 20th century, particularly military personnel and profession innovators; and the Cleveland, Ohio Jewish community, school system, and George Crile U.S. Army Hospital. Documents include correspondence, reminiscences, legal documents, newspaper and magazine clippings, and photographs.
Dates: undated, 1913-2000

Ludwig Misch Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 2073 / MF 1084
Abstract The Ludwig Misch Collection documents the musical career and life of the musicologist Ludwig Misch. Included in this collection are numerous essays and reviews about several composers, memoirs, personal correspondence and a small amount of family papers. Those documents give an impression of Ludwig Misch's varied activities in the field of music.
Dates: 1933-1967; Majority of material found within 1930s-1940s

National Council of Jewish Women, New York Section Records

 Collection
Identifier: I-469
Abstract The records of the National Council of Jewish Women, New York Section document the organization's community service, advocacy, and supportive administrative, fundraising, membership, and public relations activities from the Section's early years to the present. Included is a large amount of material from the National Organization in relation to the New York Section. This material is dated from 1896 to 1999 and consists of administrative, events, and advocacy matters. The New York Section's community services files include its work on aging, child care, consumer telephone referrals, counseling support, crime prevention, the disabled, domestic violence, early child education, feminism, homelessness, hunger, immigrants, Israel, Jewish education and promotion, literacy, probation, the sick, summer recreation for children and the elderly, and war relief. The Section's advocacy files consist of lobbying efforts for the rights of children, the disabled, the elderly, families, the homeless, immigrants, Israel, and women. The collection is primarily in English, with some Hebrew, Yiddish, German, Greek, Spanish, Chinese, and Italian. Among the types of material are audio tapes, blueprints, correspondence, minutes, photographs, publications, scrapbooks, and scripts.
Dates: <emph>undated, </emph>1895-2004

National Jewish Welfare Board, Records

 Collection
Identifier: I-337
Abstract The collection documents the National Jewish Welfare Board's (JWB) evolution from an organization founded in 1917 to provide support for soldiers in times of war to an agency involved in all aspects of Jewish life both in the United States and abroad. In 1990 JWB recreated itself as the Jewish Community Centers Association of North America.
Dates: undated, 1889-1995 (bulk 1917-1990)

Philip Goodman (1911-) Papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-862
Abstract The collection documents Rabbi Philip Goodman’s involvement with the American Jewish Historical Society, the early years of the Orthodox Union, the Institutional Synagogue in Harlem and its day camp, the Army and Navy commission of the Jewish Welfare Board during World War II, a fraternal club originating in the Uptown Talmud Torah, The Jewish Book Council of America, The Townsend Harris High School and its Hatikvah Society, Yeshiva University, Jewish scouting, and more. The collection contains addresses, articles, bulletins, correspondence, commencement book, guest book, newsclippings, newsletters, photographs, radio broadcast transcripts, souvenir journal, and yearbook.
Dates: undated, 1916, 1926-1928, 1930, 1932-1948, 1950-1965, 1968, 1973-1976, 1980, 1982

Rabbi Emery Glancz, World War II Rabbi/Cantor Military Kit with Flag

 Collection
Identifier: I-517
Abstract This collection contains the chaplain's kit used by Rabbi Emery Glancz during his service as an army chaplain during World War II. Included in the kit is a flag with the Ten Commandments; one Ten Commandments plaque; two brass candlesticks, one marked "US;" two brass communion plates marked "US;" one brass priest's communion cup with cross; and three silver-plated cups.
Dates: circa 1940s

Rabbi Hirsh Abraham Opoczynski (Harry A. Tarlow) (1896-?) papers

 Collection — Consolidated Box P21, Folder: P-742
Identifier: P-742
Abstract Collection documents Rabbi Harry Tarlow's career as Rabbi of Temple Emanu-El in Reno, Nevada. Rabbi Tarlow may have been the first permanent Rabbi in the State of Nevada. Contains copies of Rabbi Tarlow's Rabbinical diploma from Rav Kook, Chief Rabbi of Israel; information concerning Rabbi Tarlow's birthplace in Krosniewice, Poland; and his stay in Israel before coming to the United States in 1930. Includes Pearl and Harry Tarlow's citizenship certificates, and letters of gratitude from various officials in Reno and elsewhere for his work as Rabbi of Emanu-El and as Chaplain of Reno Army Air Base during World War II.
Dates: 1928-1946, 1995, 2000

Ralph Lager World War II Correspondence

 Collection
Identifier: P-820
Abstract Lager's correspondence to his family begins with his training in Camp Gordon, GA and Camp Campbell, KY; continues with his service in Italy; and ends with his admission into an Italian hospital.
Dates: 1943-1945, 1984