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Germany -- History -- 1933-1945

 Subject
Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings

Found in 26 Collections and/or Records:

Alfred Philippson Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 3245 / MF 461
Abstract The collection contains numerous personal papers, manuscripts and correspondence with explorers and geographers. The personal papers follow Philippson’s career as professor in Bonn and in Halle.
Dates: 1872-1953

Arthur Prinz Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 5103 / MF 681
Abstract This collection documents the life and work of the economist Arthur Prinz. It is comprised of correspondence, documents, diaries, clippings, research notes, index cards, and books and offprints. Information on various topics, especially immigration and emigration during the 1930s, Jews and the German economy, and Marxist economics will also be found here.
Dates: 1908-1982

C.C. Aronsfeld Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 10453 / MF 631
Abstract The bulk of the collection consists of original and published writings by and about the historian and journalist C.C. Aronsfeld, touching on many aspects of German-Jewish relations.
Dates: 1870-1990

Christopher Jeffrey Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25348 / MF 1001
Abstract Correspondence (originals and transcriptions) of Edgar Jaffe and Else von Richthofen Jaffe, accompanied by an inventory of letters with annotations and comments by Guenther Roth. Also included are photocopies from the diary of the sociologist Hans von Eckardt.
Dates: 1899-1955

Ernst C. Stiefel Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 5230 / MF 744
Abstract This collection documents the work of the lawyer and researcher Ernst C. Stiefel, especially the research pertaining to his book Deutsche Juristen im amerikanischen Exil (1933-1950). Included here are articles and offprints, correspondence, notes, and copies of archival records from several institutions. Although the major focus of the collection is on Stiefel's research on German Jewish refugee jurists, other topics found here include National Socialism, post-war Germany, and various legal topics.
Dates: 1913-2001

Ernst Hamburger Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 7034 / MF 672
Abstract The life of Ernst Hamburger was extraordinarily rich and varied; regrettably, his literary estate does not completely document it. In his flight from Nazi Germany, Hamburger had to leave all his papers behind. With a few exceptions, the same was the case in 1940. It appears he made it a practice to periodically weed his papers. At his request, a friend went through his papers after his death and destroyed two cartons full of personal and confidential material. Consequently, the remaining matter is only a fragment of a much larger life’s work.
Dates: 1810-1982

Guttmann / Sotheby's Case Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 6570
Abstract This collection contains the materials of attorney Ernst C. Stiefel relating to the Alexander Guttmann/Sotheby's case. The case revolved around a 1984 Sotheby's auction of Hebraica from the Lehranstalt für die Wissenschaft des Judentums in Berlin that had been brought from Germany to the United States by Guttmann in 1938. The materials include pleadings, clippings, and Stiefel's files.
Dates: 1907-1984; Majority of material found within 1984

Harvey P. Newton Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 5827
Abstract This collection documents the life and career of Harvey P. Newton, including life during Nazi Germany and the Holocaust. Personal papers include correspondence, family history, school, military, and work-related documents. Papers about Nazi Germany include documents concerning World War II, concentration camps, and war veterans.
Dates: 1851-1999

Helmut Galliner Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 4711
Abstract This collection contains a few letters and a number of Galliner's writings, some in manuscript format but most taken from German and German-Jewish newspapers during the Third Reich.
Dates: 1920s-1964

Herbert Kriedman Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25640
Abstract The Herbert Kriedman Collection documents Herbert Kriedman's work as a professor at Nassau Community College. Much of the collection centers on his academic writing and collected research, including copies of reports on German financial institutions in Nazi Germany. In addition, there is some documentation of his early professional career and attempts to have his writing published.
Dates: 1939-2002; Majority of material found within 1946-1978

Hermann Rauschning Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 6370
Abstract The collection primarily comprises a manuscript by Hermann Rauschning, Revolutionsmacher or in English translation Makers of Destruction, based on interviews with Hitler's associates and opponents. Additional materials in the collection include notes and correspondence regarding these texts.
Dates: circa 1939-1949

Julie Braun-Vogelstein Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25034 / MF 473
Abstract This collection contains correspondence and other materials related to the Braun-Vogelstein family.
Dates: 1743-1971

Kate and Herman Hoerlin Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25540
Abstract The bulk of the Kate and Herman Hoerlin Collection consists of the personal correspondence between Kate Tietz Schmid (later Hoerlin) and Herman Hoerlin in prewar Germany, 1934-1938. In addition are documents pertaining to Kate Schmid's insistence of reparations from the Third Reich for the wrongful murder of her first husband Willi Schmid and to the complexities of Kate Hoerlin's classification as a Mischling under the Nuremberg Laws, including how this factored into Kate and Hermann Hoerlin's efforts to wed when a Jewish/ Aryan marriage was forbidden. Other professional and official documents are included.
Dates: 1932-1983; 2003-2013; Majority of material found within 1934-1955

Max Dienemann Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 60 / MF 614 / MF 96(2)
Abstract Dienemann's dissertation, articles and manuscripts by him on theology and Jewish history, and lecture notes for his Jewish history course during the 1930s at the Freies Juedisches Lehrhaus, Frankfurt; sermons by Dienemann, and records kept by him of rabbinical duties performed in Offenbach.
Dates: 1898-1948

Max Hermann Maier Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 6136
Abstract This collection contains two letters, several passports and identification cards, and a large amount of small-format photographs, likely shot during World War I.
Dates: 1915-1982

Max Kreutzberger Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 7183
Abstract This collection contains research material and information on the life of Max Kreutzberger, a former Director of the Leo Baeck Institute (LBI) in New York. A large portion of this collection consists of copies of documents from archives in Europe, Israel, and the United States. There is also information on the Leo Baeck Institute in general, LBI events, and LBI publications. In addition, the collection holds Max Kreutzberger's correspondence, writings, and some personal papers.
Dates: 1848-2001

Max Markreich Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 7048
Abstract The Max Markreich collection documents the life of Max Markreich and his family, especially their emigration from Bremen, Germany. The collection also centers on the history of the Jewish communities of Bremen and East Frisia (Ostfriesland). Included among the papers are manuscripts, correspondence, vital and government documents, clippings, and notes.
Dates: 1749-1999

Mühlfelder and Roeckert Families Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25844
Abstract The Mühlfelder and Roeckert Families Collection contains both primary sources and research materials that, together, combine to record the history of these families. Charles C. Milford (born Klaus Mühlfelder) compiled the research materials; the greatest quantity of correspondence, documents, and photographs in the collection also pertains to his life. Documents include vital documents, educational records, military service records, and materials relating to Charles C. Milford’s career as a librarian. In addition to Milford, his father Simon Mühlfelder and wife Patricia E. Milford feature most prominently in the first three series of the collection. Family history research focuses on Simon Mühlfelder’s first wife Martha Kassel and people within her milieu. This research is compiled from Milford’s correspondence with scholars and archives, relevant archival finding aids and photocopies of documents held by various archives, articles, photocopies from books, catalog records for pertinent books, and Wikipedia pages and other printouts of biographical information from the Internet. These same types of material also make up Milford’s research on topics of interest, including the history of Jews in Germany broadly and of the Mühlfelder family specifically.
Dates: undated, 1811-2018; Majority of material found within 1927-2018

National Socialism Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 119
Abstract This is a constructed collection of materials on National Socialism in Germany made from several individual items and smaller collections pulled together over more than two decades. The bulk of the collection stems from 1933-1945. Materials include clippings, correspondence, government and police records, memoranda, reports, minutes, awards, personal identification papers, transcripts of speeches and a radio broadcast, Jewish stars, songs, poems, photographs, manuscripts, teaching materials, and ephemera.
Dates: 1920-1992; Majority of material found within 1933-1945

Ottilie Schoenewald Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 3896 / MF 622
Abstract Correspondence of Schoenewald with institutions and individuals, including Leo Baeck, Klara Caro, Dora Edinger, Alfred Hirschberg, Selma Jolowicz, Hannah Karminski, Ernst Lowenthal, and Lilli Marx; Manuscripts, clippings, and offprints of articles, lectures, and speeches, by Schoenewald and others, on feminism, social work, the Juedischer Frauenbund, post-World War II Germany, U.S. immigration laws, and denazification; Material on Bertha Pappenheim; Records of the Juedischer Frauenbund; Records of the International Council of Jewish Women; Clippings.
Dates: 1905-1983

Reichsvertretung der deutschen Juden

 Collection
Identifier: AR 221
Abstract This collection contains materials about the Reichsvertretung der deutschen Juden, a federation of Jewish organizations and regional and local Jewish communities, founded in 1933, that aimed to provide a unified voice for German Jewry in dealing with the Nazi authorities. It includes a significant amount of correspondence surrounding the formation of the Reichsvertretung, as well as articles, budgets, clippings, ephemera, leaflets, minutes, reports, and statistics.
Dates: 1933-1963; Majority of material found within 1933-1934

Ruth Whitfield Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 10906 / MF 633
Abstract Publications "Judentum und Abendland" by Willy Hartner (1961), "Festgabe" for the tenth anniversary of the Akademie fuer die Wissenschaft des Judentums, 1919-1929. Two Publications concerning the dedication of the new synagogue in Augsburg (1917): Festschrift "Ein Gang durch die Geschichte der Juden in Augsburg" and "Reden bei der neuen Synagoge zu Augsburg am 4. April 1917." Whitfield (Waitzfelder) family correspondence; photograph of Waitzfelder tombs; annoucement for a welfare film presented by the Israelitischer Frauenverein Augsburg, clipping. Letter by Ruth Whitfield, Goldberg's daughter, explaining the fate of her family after the November pogrom. Various documents pertaining to the family of Ruth Goldberg, especially documents relating to her grandfather Michael Goldberg (marriage contract (1877, original document, old German script), birth certificate for Jacques Julius Goldberg (1881, copy); death certificate; Citizenship certificate ("Naturalisationsurkunde") for Michael Goldberg and his family (1898, Speyer, original document, old German script); Heimatschein for Michael Goldberg (1898, Landau, original document, old German script); Julius Goldberg's registration book for the University of Heidelberg (1902, original document); marriage certificate for Jacques Julius Goldberg (Strassburg, 1911, original document); funeral sermon for Michael Goldberg (Landau, 1914); newspaper clipping (1914); Various diploma and certificates for Jacques Waitzfelder: diploma as a political economist (University of Munich, 1926), Hoeherer Justiz- und Verwaltungsdienst (Wuerzbuerg, 1927), Admission as a lawyer (Munich, 1933).
Dates: 1877-1998

The Wiener Library - Microfilm collection

 Collection
Identifier: x MfW ... (see individual series)
Abstract The Wiener Library in London is one of the world’s leading and most extensive archives on the Holocaust and Nazi era. Formed in 1933, the Library contains some of the earliest primary sources on National Socialism. The Library’s unique collection includes published and unpublished works, press cuttings, photographs and eyewitness testimony.
Dates: 1687-1979

Walter Friedlaender Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 3393
Abstract The Walter Friedlaender Collection describes the professional life of this art historian. The major focus of the collection is his work on sixteenth and seventeenth century artists. It includes correspondence, a few published works, photographs, lecture and manuscript notes, art reference files, newspaper clippings, and poetry.
Dates: 1900-1966; Majority of material found within 1930-1960

Wilhelm Buchheim Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 2078 / MF 687
Abstract The collection contains various personal documents of Wilhelm Buchheim and numerous lectures he gave in English and German. Lectures in folder 2 include English language (held in London) "Does Anti-Semitism Affect the Character of the Jews?" and "Education in Germany" . Germany language lectures include "Das Jüdische Kind und seine Umwelt" "Apologetische Fragen im Religionsunterricht" "Die Neuordnung der Lehrerbildung." Folder 3 contains clippings, often on pedagogical topics, with some articles by Buchheim, others by Gustav Krojanker. The Jewish newspapers include "Gemeindeblatt Essen", "Jüdische Schulzeitung" and "Blätter fuer Erziehung und Unterricht."
Dates: 1902-1956

Wilhelm Levison Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 3906
Abstract The Wilhelm Levison Collection contains personal correspondence and documents concerning the years 1933-1935 at the University of Bonn and the years 1921-1928 in the 'Grossloge.'
Dates: 1823-1977; Majority of material found in 1930s