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Israel -- Emigration and immigration

 Subject
Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings

Found in 21 Collections and/or Records:

Erwin Lichtenstein Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 7193
Abstract

The Erwin Lichtenstein Collection documents the work of Erwin Lichtenstein as an author. The bulk of the archival collection is in reference to his book Die Juden der Freien Stadt Danzig unter der Herrschaft des Nationalsozialismus 1933-1945. The correspondence with Sam Echt, Werner Feilchenfeld, Ernst Loops and others reflect the response to Erwin Lichtenstein's publication. Noteworthy with regard to the book is the correspondence between Günter Grass and Erwin Lichtenstein. Although the bulk of the documents consists of correspondence, the collection also includes newspaper articles and book reviews, corrections and changes and the original manuscript of the aforementioned book.

Dates: 1926-1989; Majority of material found within 1954-1984

Executive Functions Records in the Hadassah Archives

 Collection
Identifier: I-578/RG 13
Abstract

This record group includes documents created and maintained by the Office of the President, the Office of the Executive Director and the Chair of the Division Coordinators/Directors Committee. Prominent is the Henrietta Szold series, containing correspondence by and to Szold as well as printed materials written by and about her. The files in this record group were created by a national president or executive director, or for their use, or maintained in their office during their years in office. Included are correspondence, minutes, memos, publications, reports and subject files on topics with which these individuals were involved.

Dates: 1875, 1877-2011, 2015; Majority of material found within 1910 - 2000

Fritz Meir Fraenkel Collection

 Collection
Identifier: LBIJER 97
Scope and Contents

The collection contains a manuscript by Fritz Meir Fraenkel titled "Deutsche Juden im alten Jischuw" (typescript, 16 pp.) about German-Jewish emigration to Palestine before the founding of the Zionist movement, focusing on "Kolel Hod", an organizational and financial institution and a "Landsmannschaft" founded by immigrants of German and Dutch origin in Palestine in 1837.

The collection, furthermore, includes offprints and clippings of articles by Fraenkel (such as "Zur Folklore der Berliner Juden from" (1957), "Zur Deutung einiger Kontraktionen im Hebraeischen" (1958), "Abraham und Aron – zwei Beitraege zur biblischen Namensforschung" (1962), "Drei verkannte Fluessigkeitsbenennungen im Hebraeischen" (1967), "Deutsch und Hebraeisch miteinander verwandt?" (1969)), book reviews by Fraenkel, and ten editions of the periodical "Sprachwart. Monatsblaetter fuer Sprache und Rechtschreibung" (1962-1969) as well as three editions of the journal "Archiv fuer das Studium der neueren Sprachen" (1961-1965) mostly containing articles by Fraenkel on linguistic matters (German and Hebrew language).

The linguist Fritz Meir Fraenkel was born in Berlin in 1906. He was a member of the Zionist youth movement "Blau-Weiss" and other Zionist organizations and wrote for the weekly "Juedische Rundschau" until 1938.

He immigrated to Palestine in 1933 and settled in Jerusalem. He worked for "Keren Hayesod" and other institutions and continued writing articles for various Hebrew journals and newspapers.

Fraenkel died in Israel in 1976.

Dates: 1937-1970

German Jewish Periodicals Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 5036
Abstract

Single issues of various German Jewish periodicals, published primarily from 1922 to 1942. Also included are one Yiddish paper (1927) and one German paper from Israel (1961).

Dates: 1922-1961

Gerson Stern Collection.

 Collection
Identifier: AR 172
Abstract

The bulk of the collection consists of typescript drafts, some with handwritten corrections, and private press versions of Gerson Stern's fictional and poetical writings.

Dates: circa 1930-2008

Howard Lenhoff Papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-902
Abstract

The Howard Lenhoff Papers were generated and accumulated by Howard Lenhoff starting with his involvement with the American Association for Ethiopian Jews (AAEJ) in 1974 and running up until his final preparations for his book, Black Jews, Jews and Other Heroes: How Grassroots Activism Led to the Rescue of the Ethiopian Jews (2007). In addition to chronicling Lenhoff’s participation in AAEJ, the collection documents AAEJ’s relationships with other activists and organizations; Israeli government officials’ responses to AAEJ pressure; requests for help and stories of trauma from the Ethiopian Jews; AAEJ’s extensive publicity efforts; and American Jewish press coverage of the struggles of Ethiopian Jewry. The materials include correspondence, clippings, notes, drafts, photographs, audiocassettes and posters.

Dates: 1947-2007; Majority of material found within 1974 - 2006

Individuals

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25474
Abstract

This is a collection of clippings pertaining mostly to German-Jewish individuals, whose life, accomplishment, or death had been noteworthy enough to trigger the interest of an editor at a newspaper or a journal. From the 1960s to the end of the 20th century, archivists at the Leo Baeck Institute perused dailies, immigrants’ journals and periodicals of special interest groups in the United States, in Israel, in various European countries and beyond to discover traces of the scattered survivors of German-speaking Jewry. Birthday celebrations, special anniversaries and obituaries as well as reports about deeds and accomplishments were clipped from the publications and collected. Today, these clippings bear testimony of all these individuals’ lives and German speaking Jewry as a whole.

Dates: 1960s - 1990s

[Jews in Nazi Germany]

 Collection
Identifier: LBIJER 703
Abstract

The file contains various documents pertaining to the situation of the Jews in Nazi Germany, mostly regarding migration, and comprises eight folders.

Dates: 1931-1948, 1961-1968

Julius Heimann Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 11011 / MF 826

Leon Agriss papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-179
Abstract

This collection consists of correspondence, newsletters, and meeting minutes of various Zionist groups in which Agriss was active. The correspondence deals with the Jewish National Fund in Harrisburg, PA; relations between Masada, Avukah, and Hashomer Hatzair; as well as Agriss' involvement with Kibbutz Aliyah and Plugat Aliyah, a group dedicated to settlement in Palestine.

Dates: undated, 1938-1953

Lore Baum Steinitz Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 6841
Abstract

This collection contains the research and writing of Lore Baum Steinitz. The bulk of the collection focuses on her research into the history of the Wirtschaftliche Frauenschule auf dem Lande in Wolfratshausen and its students and faculty. A smaller portion of the collection relates to the histories of various members of the Baum and Steinitz families, including her own life. Included is research correspondence along with notes and copies of school documentation and publications. Several brief sketches on family members are also present.

Dates: 1860s, 1926-2004 ; Majority of material found within 1986-1992

MACHAL [Mitnadvei Hutz LaAretz] and Aliyah Bet Records

 Collection
Identifier: I-501
Abstract

The MACHAL, the acronym for “mitnadvei hutz laAretz” ("Volunteers from Abroad"), consisted of about 3500 men and women from over 40 countries from a variety of social and religious backgrounds who volunteered to fight for the establishment of Israel. This collection is unique in that it deals specifically with the experience of MACHAL and Aliyah Bet volunteers from Canada and the United States and others living in the United States. The collections consists of files on 500 volunteers, over 2000 original and reproduction photographs, numerous audio-visual material, books, manuscripts, and memoirs.

Dates: undated, 1930-2010

Max Plaut Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 7094
Abstract

This collection documents the work of the lawyer and head of the greater Jewish Community in Hamburg, Max Plaut, in his role as a family researcher in Israel between the years 1944 to 1950. It contains to a large extent the correspondence between Plaut and German Jews from Hamburg who were looking for family and friends who had gone missing during the Holocaust. The collection material covers list of Jews held in Theresienstadt, Lodz, Auschwitz and elsewhere. Also included is a small written documentation of the Plaut family as well as some files on restitution claims in the city of Hamburg.

Dates: 1944-after 1973; Majority of material found within 1944-1950

Pinchas Erich Rosenbluth Collection

 Collection
Identifier: LBIJER 486
Abstract

This collection consists of material pertaining to Pinchas E. Rosenbluth (1906-1985).

Dates: 1891-1990

Records of the American Association for Ethiopian Jews (AAEJ)

 Collection
Identifier: I-503
Abstract

Founded in 1969, the American Association for Ethiopian Jews (AAEJ) was instrumental in the international effort to promote recognition of the Beta Israel (known among non-Jewish Ethiopians as "Falashas") by Israeli authorities, and to assist Jewish emigration from Ethiopia to Israel. The extensive files of the AAEJ include case work files, research materials and Jewish artifacts collected in Ethiopia by AAEJ workers. In the wake of the successful evacuation of Ethiopian Jewry to Israel in 1993, the AAEJ decided to disband and voted to deposit its records at the American Jewish Historical Society. Included are correspondence, office files, photographs, slides, videotapes, audiocassettes and other materials which pertain to AAEJ's efforts to raise the consciousness of the American Jewish community about this unique Jewish subculture. The organization's papers supplement those of its founder, Graenum Berger, which are also held at the American Jewish Historical Society.

Dates: undated, 1960-1961, 1963, 1965-1968, 1970-1995, 2001-2002

Reichsvertretung der Deutschen Juden Collection

 Collection
Identifier: LBIJER 555
Abstract

The file contains various documents pertaining to the activity of the Reich Representation of German Jews (Reichsvertretung der Deutschen Juden) and comprises ten folders.

Dates: 1933-1939, 1945-1983

Ronya Schwaab Papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-909
Abstract

This collection documents the life and activities of dancer and activist Ronya Schwaab. The collection contains material related to her activities advocating for Soviet Jews, lecturing on various topics, her trips abroad, and writing reviews for numerous books. It also includes correspondence with family, friends, and various officials in both the public and non-profit spheres of politics and business. The collection contains numerous photographs and certificates that further document her activities and accomplishments.

Dates: undated, 1877-2001; Majority of material found within 1958-2001

Young Judaea Records in the Hadassah Archives

 Collection
Identifier: I-578/RG 8
Abstract

Young Judaea is the oldest Zionist youth organization in the United States, established as a national organization in 1909 by the Federation of American Zionists. It was supported by Hadassah, including direct financial sponsorship from 1967-2011. The major aims of Young Judaea throughout its history have been to advance the cause of Zionism, to further the mental, moral, and physical development of Jewish youth, and to promote Jewish culture and ideals in accordance with Jewish traditions. Young Judaea has remained non-partisan and non-denominational, embracing and recruiting Jewish youth from all backgrounds.

Dates: 1911-2006; Majority of material found within 1960 - 1999

Youth Aliyah Records in the Hadassah Archives

 Collection
Identifier: I-578/RG 1
Abstract

The Youth Aliyah Records in the Hadassah Archives document Hadassah's work with multiple international organizations to rescue Jewish children from continental Europe to Palestine from 1933-1945. The collection also documents Hadassah's involvement with Youth Aliyah since 1946 in providing residential, educational, vocational, rehabilitative and therapeutic care for displaced and at-risk youth from around the world.

Dates: 1928-2009; Majority of material found within 1935 - 1998

Zentralausschuss der deutschen Juden für Hilfe und Aufbau Collection

 Collection
Identifier: LBIJER 553
Abstract

The file contains various materials pertaining to the activity of the Central Relief Committee (Zentralausschuss der deutschen Juden für Hilfe und Aufbau) of the Reich Representation of German Jews (Reichsvertretung der Deutschen Juden), and comprises eight folders.

Dates: 1924-1939

Zionist Political History Collection in the Hadassah Archives

 Collection
Identifier: I-578/RG 4
Abstract

The material in this record group was culled from Hadassah's Central Files in Israel in the early 1980s to document Hadassah's role in Zionist history. Originally formed from a Zionist women's study group, the first Hadassah chapter in New York had a strong relationship with the Zionist Organization of America (ZOA; then known as the Federation of American Zionists). The material in this record group documents Hadassah's relationship to the ZOA and to other Zionist organizations in the United States, Europe, and Palestine/Israel, particularly in the years leading up to Israeli statehood in 1948. Other subjects addressed in this record group include the founding of Hadassah; World War II, particularly relating to Jewish emigration and refugees; the founding of the United Nations and the debate over recognition of a Jewish state; the partition of Palestine; and Arab-Jewish relations. Included are articles, clippings, convention resolutions, correspondence, diary extracts, memorandums, minutes, press releases, printed ephemera, publications, reports, and speeches.

Dates: 1894-2003; Majority of material found within 1925 - 1985