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Antisemitism--United States

 Subject
Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings

Found in 31 Collections and/or Records:

Abraham Shoenfeld Papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-884
Overview Under the employ of the New York Kehillah, detective Abraham Shoenfeld infiltrated and documented Jewish crime rings, prostitution houses and gambling establishments from 1912 to 1917. For the American Jewish Committee from 1938 to 1964, he investigated anti-Semitic organizations and individuals. He also authored a controversial book about the New York crime world, The Joy Peddler, and he was at work on other pieces of fiction and his memoirs. The bulk of his papers consist of investigative reports and research for the American Jewish Committee, his manuscripts, and his collection of anti-Semitic literature.
Dates: 1892, 1920-1978, 2010; Majority of material found within 1927 - 1964

American League to Combat Antisemitism records

 Collection
Identifier: I-263
Overview Consists of correspondence, pamphlets, reprints of newspaper articles and other ephemera, as well as financial statements, of a controversial organization formed in January 1939 for the purpose of combatting anti-Semitism.
Dates: 1939-1940

Anti-Defamation League John Birch Society Collection

 Collection
Identifier: I-510
Overview The records consist of documentation of the Anti-Defamation League efforts to track and counter activities of the John Birch Society from its founding in 1958 through the mid-1970s. The material was organized by the ADL New England regional office and consists of correspondence, including copies of internal JBS material, memoranda, a large volume of newspaper clippings, as well as pamphlets, publications and reports.
Dates: undated, 1928-1980; Majority of material found within 1958 - 1975

Antisemitic Literature Collection

 Collection
Identifier: P-701
Overview The Anti-Semitic Literature Collection documents journalistic source materials (newspapers, newsletters, and illustrations) regarding views of anti-Semitism in the United States during the 20th-century. A few items from the 19th-century are included, particularly illustrations from Puck, Vanity Fair, and The Judge. Items are from various periodicals (i.e., The Dearborn Independent, Common Sense, The Crusader, The White American), organizations (i.e., American Nazi Party, the Christian Educational Association, and the White Party of America), and by many different authors (i.e., Father C.E. Coughlin, Benjamin Freedman, Otto H.F. Vollbehr). Additionally, this collection contains responses by American organizations to American and European anti-Semitism as well as documentation on the reaction of anti-Semitism in Canada.
Dates: undated, 1869-1993, 2017

Bureau on Jewish Employment Problems (Chicago, Ill.), records

 Collection
Identifier: I-303
Overview Collection contains annual reports, board minutes, case studies, correspondence, newsletters, survey reports, and other items.
Dates: undated, 1940-1962

Charles Schwager papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-301
Overview The collection consists of letters written to Schwager by Americans and non-Americans on a variety of topics pertaining to Jews. The majority of the letters are from members of the U.S. House of Representatives, the Senate, and American governors, expressing their views on Jews, anti-Semitism, and Palestine as a Jewish homeland. Also included are letters on this topic from Thomas Edison, Charles Curtis, and Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. Other letters concern the First Solotwiner Sick and Benevolent Society, the proposed formation by Schwager of a cloak-maker's union, and other topics of general Jewish interest.
Dates: 1909-1948

Committee on Cooperation records

 Collection
Identifier: I-174
Overview Contains materials pertaining to the development of the Committee. The members of the Executive Committee included Arthur S. Meyer, A.K. Cohen, Horace M. Kallen and C.J. Austrian.
Dates: undated, 1936-1938

Community Relations Conference records

 Collection
Identifier: I-171
Overview The collection consists of correspondence, memoranda, and minutes of meetings. The minutes contain recommendations pertaining to legislation concerning discrimination, etc. and reflect the political and social conditions of Jews in the U.S.
Dates: undated, 1941-1959

Eric Breindel Papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-896
Overview The Eric Breindel Papers (1955-1998) provides a glimpse into the life and untimely passing of New York Post editor and columnist Eric Breindel. The bulk of this collection documents the many awards and honors he received for his contributions to the Jewish community, and the community at large. The collection also includes many photographs of Breindel with friends, colleagues, and notable individuals. Some samples of his writing and research can also be found in the collection. Other interesting material documents the grief of his early death and the sentiments expressed by many about his loss.
Dates: undated, 1943-2007; Majority of material found within 1988-1998

General Jewish Council Records

 Collection
Identifier: I-170
Overview The General Jewish Council was an umbrella organization founded by the American Jewish Committee, American Jewish Congress, B’nai B’rith and Jewish Labor Committee in order to coordinate their rights defense activities. The bulk of the records in this collection date between 1938 and 1944, the active years of the Council. Materials consist primarily of correspondence, minutes, memoranda, and reports.
Dates: 1934-1947

Milton Weill Papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-34
Overview Milton Weill was known for his work in philanthropic Jewish organizations. Among the many presidential, vice-presidential, and board member positions he held, he was President of the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies (1951-1954), Vice-President of the National Jewish Welfare Board, and a board member of the United Jewish Appeal and the American Jewish Committee. He was also the Director of the United Services Organizations, Overseer of Brandeis University's Graduate School of Social Welfare and Honorary Vice President and board member of the 92nd Street Y in New York. Prior to the 92nd Street Y, he was a board member of the 92nd Street Young Men's and Young Women's Hebrew Association and was Honorary Chairman of the Board of Associated Young Men's and Young Women's Hebrew Assocations of New York. The Milton J. Weill Art Gallery is located at the 92nd Street Y. Mr. Weill graduated from Columbia University and served in France during World War I. The papers include correspondence, telegrams, postcards, maps, artifacts, posters, photographs, lectures, sketch typescripts, and scrapbooks from World War I, his tenure at the Jewish Welfare Board, and personal correspondence.
Dates: undated, 1917-1954

Henry M. Moos correspondence

 Collection
Identifier: P-505
Overview Contains the draft of a letter to Andrew Johnson plus Johnson's reply regarding an alleged anti-Jewish statement that he made.
Dates: 1864

Herbert Friedenwald correspondence

 Collection
Identifier: P-261
Overview Contains correspondence, mostly of a personal nature, from Mayer Sulzberger, Louis Marshall, Herbert Quick, Thomas W. Page, and Louis D. Brandeis. Also included is correspondence between Nathan Straus and Mayer Sulzberger regarding Friedenwald's candidacy for the House of Representatives in 1912, as well as correspondence with the American Jewish Historical Society regarding a letter to Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Dates: 1894-1940

Isaac Leeser, papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-20
Overview Contains letters and articles in manuscript to Leeser pertaining to: his work as editor of The Occident, his translation of the Bible and his other literary works; discussions concerning Jewish law, the Reform movement in the United States and in Curaçao; Reform and Orthodox Judaism in Albany, N.Y., Massachusetts Senator Henry Wilson's anti-Semitic comments in the United States Congress; the founding of a synagogue in San Francisco; the condition of Jews and Jewish education in America and in England; equal rights for Jews in Massachusetts and North Carolina; the controversy over the Touro Monument; slavery and the Civil War; and converts to Judaism. Also includes information on Israel Joseph Benjamin's trip in the U.S., 1859-1862; Isaac Mayer Wise; Sabato Morais; a manuscript guidebook on Jewish ritual slaughter written by Moses Julian in Barbados in 1820; Moses Montefiore's report on his mission to Rome on behalf of the Edgardo Mortara affair; articles discussing Christian theology; the Jews in Cochin, India and in China; a Latin preface to Leeser's Hebrew Bible; a Portuguese prayer against the evil eye; and poems on topics of Jewish interest.
Dates: undated, 1811-1919

Israel Goldberg papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-71
Overview The collection consists primarily of the author's unpublished manuscripts and songs (set to music), and printed texts of plays, short stories, essays and other literary works. Includes also material relating to several organized attempts to ban The merchant of Venice from the NYC public school curriculum, and other matters pertaining to American Jewish life. Also contains a detailed record, consisting of letters, a dated handwritten account, and news clippings, of the 1927 Zionist Convention in Atlantic City, centering on an internal schism as to the competence of the Lipsky administration, as well as some follow-up material in 1928. Prominent in these papers is correspondence with Louis D. Brandeis; among the other figures referred to are Henrietta Szold and Chaim Weizmann. Also contains personal documents and correspondence, newspaper clippings as well as other material utilized as sources for his writings. The correspondence is primarily with publishers and Emanuel Neumann and relating to Zionism in general. Also contains 4 items by Seder Ritual Committee.
Dates: undated, 1911-1964

Jewish Defense Organization Records

 Collection
Identifier: I-490
Overview The collection includes materials pertaining to the Jewish Defense Organization, a radical Zionist Jewish organization devoted to protecting Jews from their enemies, imaginary and real, using all means possible. Collection consists of correspondence, financial documents, legal documents, such as depositions, subpoenas, transcripts, and a large amount of printed materials. The bulk of the materials consist of a variety of printed materials and materials pertaining to a number of legal cases against various members of the Jewish Defense Organization and the organization itself.
Dates: 1971-2003

Jewish War Veterans of the United States of America collection

 Collection
Identifier: I-32
Overview Contains the correspondence of the Anti-Nazi Boycott Committee of the Jewish War Veterans appealing for support against Nazi activities in the United States, 1933, and to assist Nazi sufferers in Europe, as well as other correspondence and printed material describing the purpose, history, and activities of the national organization and local chapters. Includes a scrapbook (1924-1930) containing newspaper clippings in English and in Yiddish relating to these activities, and protests against the massacres of the Jews in Romania and the riots in Palestine in 1929, as well as appeals for financial and political support on behalf of Palestine Jewry. A large portion of this collection consists of photographs depicting the work of the organization.
Dates: undated, 1923-1993, 2003

Leon J. Obermayer, papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-141
Overview The collection contains correspondence, documents and newspaper clippings relating to the life and activities of Obermayer in national, local and Jewish organizations. Contains also correspondence and other materials concerning the Board of Public Education of Philadelphia on which he served as member and then president 1955-1961 (of special interest are the papers pertaining to communism in the schools, educational television -WHYY, and the problems of minority students); the American Jewish Historical Society of which he served as a member, president and chairman of the Exec. Council (of special interest is the material pertaining to the litigation over the Society's move to Waltham); the Symphony Club (1959-1966); the Penn. Advisory Committee, U.S. Commission on Civil Rights (1958-1960); the Penn. Alcoholic Beverage Study (1961-1967); the Heart Association of Southeastern Penn. (1964-1965); the National Committee on Employment of Youth (1965-1968); the American Bar Association Special Committee on Investigation, Solicitation and Handling of Personal Injury Claims (1957-1959); the Committee on Legal Ethics and Grievances (1961-1969); the Penn. Prison Society (1964-1969); the Phila. YM & YWHA (1925-1940, 1967-1968); the Hebrew Sunday School Society (1919-1970); the Union of American Hebrew Congregations, with special reference to Edmond Cahn's opposition to the establishment of Reform Jewish day schools (1964-1965); the Hebrew Union College (1964-1968); B'nai B'rith (1957-1967) and the Philadelphia Bar Assoc. (1937-1977).
Dates: undated, 1913, 1919-1920, 1922, 1924-1930, 1932-1934, 1936-1973, 1976-1978

Levitansky family genealogy

 Collection
Identifier: P-361
Overview A genealogy of the Levitansky family beginning in 1794, originally from Suwalki, Poland, including photographs, newspaper clippings and descriptions of family events. The family claims heritage from 15th century Spain as well as a clan name "Baranis." Among the descendants are Boris-Leavitt, founder of Lana Lobell women's mail-order house, Dr. Samuel A. Levine, a prominent cardiologist, Dr. Abraham L. Levin, medical inventor, and Dr. Max Levine, bateriologist. A copy of a letter to latter from MIT (1913) shows difficulty a Jew faced in finding employment. A relationship with the Paradisthal (or Paradise) family of Chicago is noted.
Dates: 1980

Merchants Union Express Company (Troy, N.Y.) letter

 Collection
Identifier: I-295
Overview Letter on company stationery concerning "Mr. Buckey, the Jew" and his claims for damages.
Dates: 1870

Nathan Perlmutter (1923-1987) Papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-1012
Overview This collection consists of the papers of Nathan Perlmutter, a lawyer, lecturer, author, political activist, and a long-time leader of the American Jewish community. It contains certificates, newspaper clippings, correspondence—including numerous condolence cards and letters sent to his family after his death—manuscripts and drafts of Perlmutter’s writings, obituaries, printed materials, programs, and subject files relating to topics he was interested in and that he wrote about.
Dates: 1934-1989; Majority of material found within 1949-1987

National Jewish Welfare Board, Army-Navy Division records

 Collection
Identifier: I-180
Overview The collection consists mainly of minutes, surveys, reports, photographs and correspondence of both JWB personnel and U.S. military chaplains, directed toward or concerns with the Jewish men in the Armed Forces. The material covers such topics as arrangements for holidays (primarily the High Holy Days and Passover)--special food needs, services, furloughs, prayerbooks; budgeting and staffing; registration and marking of Jewish graves; anti-Semitism in the military; the general problems of Kashruth; communication between the men and their families; and general recreation and entertainment.
Dates: undated, 1917-1955, 1969, 1974

Nettie Friede Kosminsky, papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-269
Overview Consists primarily of mimeographed copies of thirteen travel diaries prepared by Nettie Kosminsky and her sister Myrtle Cassett in the course of their travels around the world. They are personal in nature and contain primarily anecdotal material on each place visited. Also contains photocopied typescripts of speeches delivered by Meyer Friede in the Missouri legislature on slavery (1860), and a reply to an anti-Semitic statement made by another legislator (1861).
Dates: undated, 1860-1980

Norman Hapgood (1868-1937) Papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-263
Overview Starting in June 1922, Journalist Norman Hapgood wrote a number of articles exposing the anti-Semitic propaganda of Henry Ford. These articles were later compiled by Brandeis student Daniel E. Miranda who realized the scarcity of the articles. This collection contains those articles and a forward describing them.
Dates: 1922 and 1966

Phi Epsilon Pi Fraternity Records

 Collection
Identifier: I-76
Overview The Phi Epsilon Pi fraternity, active between 1904 and 1970 with a predominantly Jewish membership, was established in New York City and eventually opened at least 48 chapters on college campuses across the U.S. and one in Canada. The bulk of the records in this collection were generated, received and collected by the national fraternity officers between 1912 and the late 1950s. Topics represented include black-Jewish relations, military service in WWI and WWII, educational, housing and occupational discrimination, and WWII refugee aid. Materials consist of correspondence, reports, minutes, clippings, serial publications, photographs, pins, financial records, floor plans, manuals, and directories.
Dates: 1912-1969

Philip Slomovitz South End collection

 Collection
Identifier: P-135
Overview Contains 1969 and 1971-73 issues of The South End, Wayne State University student paper, as well as correspondence, public statements, petitions and a tape-recording relating to controversies generated by the printing of alleged anti-Zionist/anti-Semitic articles in the newspaper. The correspondence consists for the most part of an exchange of letters between university officials, Jewish community leaders and Leonard N. Simons, a Detroit advertising executive, during the 1969 controversy, and correspondence with Philip Slomovitz, editor of the Detroit Jewish news, in 1972-73. The tape recording is of a February 2, 1969 interview with John Watson, editor of the South end.
Dates: 1969-1974

Robert Rifkind Papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-980
Overview The Robert Rifkind Papers document the Jewish philanthropic and lobbying activities of Robert Singer Rifkind. Robert Rifkind was born in New York City in 1936 and became a partner at the law firm of Cravath, Swaine & Moore in 1971. He served on the boards of many Jewish philanthropic and activist organizations, including the American Jewish Committee, the Jewish Theological Seminary and the Schechter Institute for Jewish Studies. The collection includes correspondence, photographs and publications from Rifkind’s involvement in these and other organizations, primarily dating from the 1980s to the 2010s.
Dates: 1913-2013; Majority of material found within 1981 - 2011

Shad Polier Papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-572
Overview This collection contains the personal and professional papers of Shad Polier, including legal files from cases with which Polier was involved, particularly those concerning adoptions and civil liberties, articles and speeches by Polier, correspondence, and materials from several of the organizations with which Polier was affiliated, including the American Jewish Congress, the World Jewish Congress and the NAACP. These materials reflect his widespread participation with the civil liberties movement, equal rights and anti-discrimination law.
Dates: 1916-1976; Majority of material found within 1940 - 1970

Spiegelberg family papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-303
Overview Contains the following manuscript and printed material pertaining to Spiegelberg: 1) biographical material written by his wife, Flora Langerman Spiegelberg, which appeared in The cyclopedia of American biography; 2) letters written to Spiegelberg by Louis Sulzbacher about a tax payment (1883), Solomon Bibo, on personal matters (1896), and Simon Bibo, regarding a protest of an anti-Semitic nature involving the Mexican population (1896); 3) printed and manuscript appeals and receipts for funds from various Jewish institutions in Palestine (1906?). Includes a photo of the Chief Rabbi of Egypt taken at that time.
Dates: undated, 1863-1936

Stephen Wise papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-134
Overview The collection has been arranged according to the following broad subject areas: personal affairs; speeches, sermons, and articles, both manuscript and published; the Free Synagogue in New York City; the Jewish Institute of Religion; American Jewish affairs; relations between the Jewish and non-Jewish communities; New York City affairs; United States affairs; the Press (both Jewish and non-Jewish); world affairs; the American Jewish Congress and World Jewish Congress; refugees; Zionism; Palestine and Israel; arts and letters; and individual corrspondence of a general nature.
Dates: 1841-1978