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Lithuania

 Subject
Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings

Found in 16 Collections and/or Records:

Abel Eliyahu Abelson Letter

 Collection — Consolidated Box P16, Folder: P-569
Identifier: P-569
Abstract Consists of a letter written by Abelson from Nemaksht, Lithuania, in a beautiful script and unusually elegant language, to his friend Louis Wigdor in Missouri, describing his personal condition and some aspects of Jewish life in Eastern Europe and inquiring about conditions and job opportunities in America. Of interest are references to anti-Semitism in Eastern Europe and the revival of Hebrew as a living language.
Dates: 1902

Autobiographies of Jewish Youth in Poland

 Collection
Identifier: RG 4
Abstract The collection consists of more than 300 autobiographies and supplementary biographical materials, such as correspondence, diaries, and documents collected by YIVO in the interest of Jewish youth research. The autobiographies were assembled through public competitions in 1932, 1934, and 1939 directed at Jewish youth aged 16-22. The collection also contains records of the contest, including lists of the contestants, correspondence with them, reports and clippings.
Dates: 1905-1940; Majority of material found within 1932-1939

Cahnman Foundation Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25836
Abstract This collection contains the records of Ira H. Jolles’ activities with the Cahnman Foundation, a philanthropic organization which funded projects dedicated to the preservation and care of Jewish archives, architecture, and culture. It consists primarily of correspondence relating to funded projects, including their planning and scope. Also included are several years worth of Board of Director meeting minutes and select legal documents from the Estate of Gisella Levi Cahnman.
Dates: undated, 1951-2018; Majority of material found within 2000-2017

Elk-Zernik Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 10835
Abstract The Elk-Zernik Family Collection provides documentation on the lives of several family members, especially Rabbi Max (Meir) Elk, dentist Benjamin Elk, Helmut Zernik and Charlotte Elk Zernik. The collection also holds the written compositions of several family members, including the sermons and articles of Max Elk and the autobiographical writing of Charlotte Elk Zernik. Other material includes a photo album and family photographs, a scrapbook, official papers and certificates, letters, some correspondence and clippings.
Dates: 1880-1998; Majority of material found within 1920-1985

Emigration Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 1989 / MF 894 / MM 129
Abstract Emigration 1864-1952: This collection - encompassing about 90 years - contains papers about the situation and persecution of Jews in Eastern European countries (Russia, Poland, Roumania, Bulgaria, Lithuania). Papers describe the activities of various relief organizations. There are more than 170 papers (ca.900 pages), about half of them written in German, about 30 each in French or English, over 20 in Yiddish and some in Polish. A printed appeal of the Reichsausschuss fuer Russisch-Juedische Fluechtlingshilfe, Berlin (1929) carries among others the signatures of Leo Baeck and ALbert Einstein. (VI, 16).
Dates: 1864-1995

Karaites Collection

 Collection
Identifier: RG 40
Abstract This collection contains translations into German of selections of scholarly works about the Karaites. Done under orders from the Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg (ERR), the translations were meant to assist the Nazis in determining if the Karaites were to be considered Jewish or not. The work was supervised by Zelig Kalmanowicz in the Vilna Ghetto from 1942 to 1943.
Dates: 1942-1943

Lithuanian Jewish Communities Collection

 Collection
Identifier: RG 2
Abstract The Lithuanian Jewish Communities Collection is comprised of documents relating to Jewish cultural, religious, social, political, and economic life in approximately 150 towns in Lithuania. The bulk of the collection pertains to the period between 1919 and 1926, when elements of a system of Jewish national autonomy existed within the Lithuanian state, including a Ministry of Jewish Affairs and governmentally empowered Jewish community councils. Smaller parts of the collection relate to the periods before (1860-1918) and after (1927-1940) the autonomy.
Dates: 1860-1941

Ludwig Bendix Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 3380 / MF 595
Abstract Articles
Dates: 1912-1965

Michael W. Rich Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25246
Abstract The collection consists of 18 family trees compiled by Michael W. Rich, mentioning the names of well over 10,000 individuals. Also included is an article about Henry Mack.
Dates: 2001-2008

ORT Photograph Collection

 Collection
Identifier: RG 380
Abstract This collection consists of photographs and negatives of World ORT conferences and congresses, various individuals connected with ORT, and ORT vocational programs and activities, including in Displaced Person’s camps, in Europe, Asia, the Middle East, Africa, Cuba, and North and South America.
Dates: 1904-1972; Majority of material found within 1920-1960

Papers of Khaykl Lunski

 Collection
Identifier: RG 58
Abstract The Papers of Khaykl Lunski are comprised of Lunski’s manuscripts, correspondence, notes and records, as well as documents from the administrative files of the Strashun Library and the S. Ansky Historical Ethnographic Society in Vilna.
Dates: 1836-1941; Majority of material found within 1900-1940

Poland (Vilna Archives) Collection

 Collection
Identifier: RG 28
Abstract The Poland (Vilna Archives) Collection is comprised of documents that were amassed at the YIVO in Vilna (Vilnius), mainly as a result of collecting work by the volunteer YIVO “zamlers” (collectors). The bulk of the collection relates to Jewish communities in over 260 cities and towns in interwar Poland (1919-1939). Documents of earlier years are also included.
Dates: 1845-1939; Majority of material found within 1919-1939

Records of the Minsk Jewish Community Council

 Collection
Identifier: RG 12
Abstract Part of the Lithuanian Kingdom from the beginning of the fourteenth century, and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from the mid-sixteenth century, Minsk was annexed to the Russian Empire in 1793, following the second partition of Poland. Under tsarist rule, the city became the capital of the Minsk province. From 1920 to 1991, it was the capital of the Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (BSSR). At present, Minsk is the capital of the Republic of Belarus. The Records of the Minsk Jewish Community Council, or Kahal, are a fragment of the original archives of the Minsk Jewish community, which dates back to the sixteenth century. Most of the documents in this collection, which covers the tsarist period from the 1820s to the 1917 Russian Revolution, were assembled between the last decade of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth century. The collection is of fragmentary nature, and consists of miscellaneous materials that relate to the role and activities of the Minsk Kahal in Jewish life; the relation between the Jewish body politic and local authorities; and between the Jewish body politic and the Jewish residents in the Minsk province
Dates: 1825-1917

Records of the OZE-TOZ (Obshchestvo Zdravookhraneniia Evreev/ Society for the Protection of the Health of the Jews)

 Collection
Identifier: RG 53
Abstract Established in 1912 in St. Petersburg by a group of Jewish doctors, lawyers and prominent public figures, OZE sought to create an all-Russian Jewish welfare system with the goal of promoting the study and knowledge of medical and sanitary practices, detecting and curing diseases among Jews, preventing epidemics, and creating living conditions conducive to the normal physical and mental development of Jewish children. TOZ, established in Poland in 1921, remained closely associated with OZE and shared the same program of activities. Because of World War I and its disarraying consequences, especially in the eastern regions of the Polish state, TOZ concentrated its relief efforts primarily on battling contagious diseases and epidemics caused by poverty, malnourishment and the deplorable sanitary conditions of the Jewish population. The collection is of mixed provenance and fragmentary nature, and consists of miscellaneous materials that relate to the activities of OZE and TOZ in Eastern Europe, and to some extent, in Western Europe.
Dates: 1904-1940

Sandra Priest Rose and Frederick P. Rose Family Papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-1017
Abstract The Priest-Rose family is a prominent New York-based American Jewish real estate family. This collection consists primarily of correspondence between Sandra Priest Rose and her extended family regarding the family’s Lithuanian history, and their role in the development of Rhode Island’s late 19th century business community. The collection includes handwritten genealogical charts, newspaper clippings regarding Sandra P. Rose’s grandfather, and the biographies, resumes, and publications of Sandra Priest Rose and Frederick P. Rose’s children and grandchildren.
Dates: 1890-2013; Majority of material found within 1970 - 1990

Simon Dubnow Papers

 Collection
Identifier: RG 87
Abstract This collection consists of materials gathered by Simon Dubnow, an influential political thinker, educator, writer, activist, and preeminent historian of Russian Jewry. The materials reflect central subjects of his historical research, such as communal organization, persecutions, and Hasidism, as well as pressing issues of his time, most significantly pogroms and the question of Jewish emancipation. Much of the material comprises information meticulously copied and sent to Dubnow by individuals throughout the Russian Empire for the purpose of aiding his research. The collection demonstrates Dubnow's importance in helping to establish the idea of Jewish ethnographic history.
Dates: 1632-1938; Majority of material found within 1700-1900