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Holocaust survivors

 Subject
Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings

Found in 38 Collections and/or Records:

Archives of the Society for the History of Czechoslovak Jews

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25443
Overview This collection contains the records of the Society for the History of Czechoslovak Jews, an organization founded in 1961, in New York City, by members of the Joseph Popper unit of B’nai B’rith, to foster and disseminate knowledge about the history and culture of Jews in the Czech and Slovak lands. Along with the Joseph Popper unit and, later, the Holocaust Survivors of Slovakia, the society sponsored an annual memorial service held in New York City to honor Czechoslovak Jews who perished in the Holocaust. A majority of the records are from the tenure of Rabbi Norman Patz as president (1994-2008). The materials primarily comprise correspondence, and items related to the annual memorial service, including texts of addresses, and yizkor memorial booklets. Also included are meeting minutes, letters to the membership, financial reports, writings, speeches, obituaries, clippings, photographs, and printed ephemera. The society's correspondence reflects its participation in cultural events related to Czech and Slovak Jewish history, as well as its relationship to the Jewish communities in the Czech Republic and, to a lesser extent, Slovakia; some correspondence with members contains genealogical information.
Dates: 1962-2010; Majority of material found within 1992-2010

Arthur Rath Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25762
Overview This collection contains the archival papers of Arthur Rath. Most of it consists of correspondence with friends and family members. Primary topics of the collection are Arthur's life in Switzerland towards the end of World War II and the decades immediately after, correspondence with friends who were also Jewish refugees from Germany after the war, and Arthur Rath's life decisions following the displacement of his family during the war.
Dates: 1908-2013; Majority of material found within 1942-1960

Diaries of Yehuda Bacon

 Collection
Identifier: LBI-JMB-2015.1
Overview This collection holds the diaries of the Israeli artist Yehuda Bacon.
Dates: 1945-2015

Displaced Persons Camps and Centers Photograph Collection

 Collection
Identifier: RG 294.5
Overview The collection is comprised of photographs of various provenances related to the lives of Jewish displaced persons (DPs) in the period immediately following the Second World War, from 1945 to 1952. The photographs pertain to DP camps and communities in the Allied occupation zones in Germany, Austria, and Italy, primarily those established by the American and British military, and administered by the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration, and, later, the International Refugee Organization. Diverse aspects of daily life among the DPs are depicted, such as school, work, recreation, and vocational training, including many activities sponsored by Jewish voluntary organizations, especially World ORT and the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. Also depicted are cultural activities such as theater, children’s performances, Jewish holiday celebrations and parades, and commemorative events honoring those who died in the Holocaust. The photographs capture leaders of the Jewish DP zonal and camp committees, DP police, and Zionist living collectives (kibbutzim), as well as notable military, political, and cultural personalities of the period, such as Lucius D. Clay, Fiorello LaGuardia, David Ben-Gurion, Yitzhak Gruenbaum, and H. Leivick. The photographs also reflect political and historical developments, including the major congresses of the DP leaderships in Germany, Austria, and Italy; protest demonstrations concerning British policies regulating immigration to Palestine; and events held upon the founding of the state of Israel in 1948.
Dates: circa 1920s-1959; Majority of material found within 1945-1952

Displaced Persons Camps and Centers Poster Collection

 Collection
Identifier: RG 294.6
Overview This collection of posters includes approximately 1,000 rare or unique items pertaining to over 100 displaced persons (DP) camps and centers in Germany, Austria, and Italy, dating primarily from 1946 to 1952. Comprised of approximately 60% handpainted and 40% printed items, it includes posters produced by diverse Jewish groups within individual camps, such as administrative and cultural committees, sports clubs, Zionist and religious groups, and landsmanshaftn; as well as organizations active throughout the camps, including the Jewish central committees in the respective countries, the World ORT Union, the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, the Jewish National Fund, and the Jewish Agency. A small number of items also document activities of the revived Jewish communities in the city centers of Munich and Vienna. Many of the posters use not only language but also color, graphic design, and pictorial and figurative elements to engage their audience with calls to entertainment, lectures, protests, and commemorations.
Dates: 1920-1926, 1939, 1946-1959, undated; Majority of material found within 1946-1952

Ernest W. Michel (1923-2016) Papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-901
Overview This collection contains the papers of Ernest W. Michel, Holocaust Survivor Journalist and public speaker,including clippings of newspaper articles written by and about Michel, correspondence between Michel and many important Jewish and political figures and autograph files, which Michel collected. Many of these files concern Michel’s Holocaust experiences, speaking engagements, the World Gathering of Jewish Holocaust Survivors, and Michel’s work with the United Jewish Appeal.
Dates: 1698, 1938-1996; Majority of material found within 1946-1987

Guide to the Records of the Displaced Person Camps and Centers in Austria

 Collection
Identifier: RG 294.4
Overview These records detail the history of the displaced person camps in the American zone in Austria. They include the records of the individual camps as well as political and cultural groups that operated within the camps. The collection primarily consists of administrative records such as reports, correspondence, and lists as well as cultural materials from political, vocational, and cultural groups, as well as personal papers. There are also records of the U.S. Army, UNRRA, and IRO’s actions in the camps.
Dates: 1938-1960; Majority of material found within 1945-1950

Guide to the Records of the Displaced Person Camps and Centers in Germany

 Collection
Identifier: RG 294.2
Overview These records detail the history of the displaced person camps in Germany, primarily in the American zone. They include the records of the individual camps as well as political and cultural groups that operated within the camps. The collection primarily consists of administrative records such as reports, correspondence, and lists as well as cultural materials from political, theatrical, and literary groups. There are also a large number of records of court proceedings, centering on accounting for actions taken during the Holocaust as well as the formation of new families in the DP camps.
Dates: 1945-1952; 1945-1952

Guide to the Records of the Displaced Person Camps and Centers in Italy

 Collection
Identifier: RG 294.3
Overview These records detail the history of the Displaced Person camps in Italy. They include the records of the individual camps as well as political and cultural groups that operated within the camps. The collection primarily consists of administrative records such as reports, correspondence, and lists as well as cultural materials from political, theatrical, and literary groups. There are also a large number of records of court proceedings, centering on accounting for actions taken during the Holocaust as well as the formation of new families in the DP camps.
Dates: 1945-1955

Hedwig Geng Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 1587
Overview This collection documents the experience of Hedwig Geng née Berg (1891-1981) as a Jewish woman living in Munich during the Nazi regime and her survival of Theresienstadt. Materials include personal correspondence, official correspondence and directives, ephemera from Theresienstadt, identification papers, poems, notes, clippings, and a few photographs.
Dates: 1939-1970s

Holocaust Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 4546
Overview The Holocaust Collection consists of various donated materials pertaining to the Holocaust assembled into a single research file. Only a couple items date from the historical time period, most items were created decades after the Holocaust.
Dates: 1933-2004

Jewish Theater Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 2371
Overview This collection contains posters, programs, and newspaper reviews for performances of Jewish theater in cities in Germany, Austria, and Lithuania, including theater produced by and about displaced persons in post-World War II Germany.
Dates: 1916-1950

Jews in Germany after 1945 collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 4197
Overview The collection consists of clippings from West-German, Swiss, and US newspapers, as well as some correspondence, published materials and ephemera, describing various aspects of Jews in Germany after the Holocaust.
Dates: 1951-1995

Joseph Perkins Chamberlain Papers

 Collection
Identifier: RG 278
Overview This collection contains the papers of Joseph Perkins Chamberlain, a professor of law who worked with many refugee aid organizations during the 1930s and 1940s. The papers reflect the work of Chamberlain and the organizations in rescuing and assisting refugees from Europe during this time. Although the bulk of the documents consists of correspondence, the collection also includes minutes of meetings, reports, statistical information, clippings, booklets and transcripts of speeches.
Dates: 1933-1951

Joseph Shubow Collection

 Collection
Identifier: P-881
Overview The Joseph Shubow Collection documents the life and professional activities of Joseph Shubow, military Chaplain, leader of the Congregation B’nai Moshe, Boston, MA and a prominent American Zionist leader. The collection includes correspondence, documents, lists, writings, speeches and sermons notes, photographs, and printed materials. Materials constituting the collection reflect various aspects of Joseph Shubow’s personal and professional life, religious leadership and writings in the fields of Judaism and Jewish history.
Dates: 1900-1979; Majority of material found within 1934 - 1969

Joseph W. Eaton Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 10028
Overview Joseph Eaton (born Josef Wechsler) was an American sociologist at the University of Pittsburgh and a German-Jewish immigrant who arrived in the United States as a child in 1934. The collection primarily comprises correspondence, writings, clippings, ephemera, and photocopied archival materials related to Eaton's genealogical research in the Bavarian localities of Schwabach, Nuremberg, Fürth, and Theilheim (Waigolshausen), including materials pertaining to the history of the Jewish communities in those localities, as well as specifically to Eaton's own immediate family and his ancestors of the Wechsler, Rosenbaum, and Goldschmidt families. Included are materials related to Eaton's travels to those localities in the context of programs hosting former Jewish residents and commemorating the Holocaust and the German-Jewish communities that were destroyed. A small portion of the collection pertains to Eaton's scholarly interest in the experiences of Jewish communists in East German society, including transcripts and/or audio files of two interviews he conducted with Hermann Axen, a Jewish concentration camp survivor who from the 1970s until 1989 was a member of the Politburo of the ruling Socialist Unity Party.
Dates: 1597, 1704-1894, 1944-2008; Majority of material found within 1966-2008

Leiter and Berliner Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 4448
Overview This collection contains the personal papers of members of the Leiter and Berliner families of Hamburg and Berlin. Some members of these families immigrated to the United States in the late 1930s while others survived World War II in Amsterdam, as forced laborers in Berlin, or in Theresienstadt. Materials include vital documents, official papers, personal correspondence, poems, clippings, official announcements and orders, banking records, restitution materials, and a few photographs.
Dates: 1911-1958, 1977

Leopold Levi Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 7041
Overview Leopold Levi was a merchant in Stuttgart. Most of the material in this collection gives information on his activities for Jewish organizations and the Jewish Community in Wuerttemberg. Levi was a member of the Oberrat der Israelitischen Religionsgemeinschaft Wuerttembergs (from 1919 to 1940) and of the Israelitisches Gemeindevorsteheramt. He also was an Oberkirchenvorsteher in the Oberkirchenbehoerde and he was active in the Chewra Kadischa. Furthermore he assisted the Juedische Nothilfe. During the years 1941-1943 he succeeded to immigrate to the United States. He died in 1968 in New York.
Dates: 1833-1986; Majority of material found within 1933-1952

Margaret Gabali Rosenfelt Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25414
Overview This collection contains personal papers of Margaret Gabali Rosenfelt (1912-2005), including official documents as well as correspondence with family, German and French authorities, and her friend Rudolf Schneider, a Stuttgart architect. A diary and memoirs are also included.
Dates: 1912-1989, 2005, 2010

Martin Freilich Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25029 / MF 899
Overview A short caption of M. Freilich’s life until the end of World War II. Personal documents (travel pass, id card), photos, newspaper clippings.
Dates: 1939-1946

Max and Irene Würzburger Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25625
Overview This collection documents the early years of Max Würzburger and Irene Würzburger, née Rosenfelder (both born in the 1910s), their departure from Ladenburg, Germany, following the Nazi seizure of power, their immigration to the United States, marriage in 1942, and transition from New York City to Kansas City, Missouri, in the mid-1950s. It also documents German efforts at reconciliation through the Würzburgers' interactions with Ladenburg's Arbeitskreis jüdische Geschichte ("Jewish History Working Group") in the 1990s, and ongoing correspondence with individual members.Additionally, the collection includes educational records of Max's and Irene's son, Allen Joel Würzburger, who died at 27 years of age.
Dates: 1925-2003; Majority of material found within 1925-1999

Moses Kligsberg Papers

 Collection
Identifier: RG 719
Overview The collection consists of the general, personal and professional correspondence of Moses Kligsberg, manuscripts for published and unpublished works, project proposals and outlines, research materials, printed matter and other records relating to Moses Kligsberg's involvement with the Bund and with Jewish refugees from Nazi-occupied Europe, to his functions at the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research, and to his scholarly interests. Included are Moses Kligsberg's manuscripts on the subjects of Jewish sociology, psychology, youth, and political matters. The collection contains a great deal of YIVO administrative and publicity materials, among others editorial records of theYedies fun yivo (YIVO News) and YIVO radio programs; materials on the Bund; records of the United Jewish Survivors of Nazi Persecution. Besides the personal documents and both personal and organizational correspondence, the collection also includes original musical compositions, acetate recordings, magnetic reels, and photographs.
Dates: 1937-1974

National Jewish Welfare Board, Records

 Collection
Identifier: I-337
Overview The collection documents the National Jewish Welfare Board's (JWB) evolution from an organization founded in 1917 to provide support for soldiers in times of war to an agency involved in all aspects of Jewish life both in the United States and abroad. In 1990 JWB recreated itself as the Jewish Community Centers Association of North America.
Dates: undated, 1889-1995 (bulk 1917-1990)

Norbert Troller Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 7268 / MF 500
Overview Extensive autobiographical manuscript by Troller, with illustrations and other supporting material, discussing his family and community, his early life, and his experiences during and after the Holocaust.
Dates: 1900-1993

Nuernberg-Fuerth Reunion Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 6654
Overview This collection consists mainly of materials from the reunions of former Nuremberg-Fürth Jewish community members. These materials include programs, invitations, correspondence, a few notes, a speech, a photograph, and clippings related to various members of the former Nuremberg-Fürth Jewish community. Other materials include a 1938 Rosh ha-shanah bulletin from Fürth and lists of Nuremberg and Fürth community members deported to camps in the 1940s.
Dates: 1938-2006

ORT Photograph Collection

 Collection
Identifier: RG 380
Overview This collection consists of photographs and negatives of World ORT conferences and congresses, various individuals connected with ORT, and ORT vocational programs and activities, including in Displaced Person’s camps, in Europe, Asia, the Middle East, Africa, Cuba, and North and South America.
Dates: 1904-1972; Majority of material found within 1920-1960

Papers of Benjamin Eichler

 Collection
Identifier: RG 1097
Overview Benjamin Eichler was a rabbi and leader of the Jewish community in Bratislava, Slovakia. This collection includes Rabbi Eichler’s memoirs and some of his personal papers, as well as materials he collected documenting Jewish life in Slovakia. Notable among these is the pinkas (community record book) of Liptovsky Mikulas, also known as Liptau, and the records of cemeteries and mass graves in Slovakia.
Dates: 1839-1980

Papers of Genia Silkes

 Collection
Identifier: RG 1187
Overview Genia Silkes, a teacher in pre-war Poland, dedicated her postwar career to the history of the Holocaust. The testimonies of Polish Holocaust survivors, of which there are 64 from children and 9 from adults, have great historical value. Also included are her research notes, records of her speaking engagements, and personal letters and photographs.
Dates: 1931-1983

Papers of Julian (Yehiel) Hirszhaut (1908-1983)

 Collection
Identifier: RG 720
Overview This collection contains the papers of Julian Hirszhaut, a Yiddish journalist and author of several works about the Holocaust in Poland. He collected a great number of historical documents on this topic, including hundreds of eyewitness accounts, which make up an important part of this collection. The materials in this collection relate to Hirszhaut’s important work gathering documents and testimonies of the Holocaust, as well as to his other professional activities as a journalist.
Dates: 1921-1988, 2001-2004; Majority of material found within 1939-1945

Papers of Leo W. Schwarz

 Collection
Identifier: RG 294.1
Overview This collection, which is a sub-group of RG 294 Displaced Persons Camps, consists of the records of Leo W. Schwarz, the Director of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (AJDC/JDC) for the U.S. Occupation Zone in Germany during the years 1946-1947. The papers pertain to his work with the JDC in Germany and to the history of the Jewish displaced persons in Germany after World War II.
Dates: 1940-1954