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Jewish statesmen

 Subject
Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings

Found in 17 Collections and/or Records:

Benjamin Franklin Peixotto family papers

 Collection — Consolidated Box P6, Folder: P-195
Identifier: P-195
Abstract Contains primarily papers of Benjamin Franklin Peixotto, including: addresses to Constitution Grand Lodge of B'nai B'rith and to YMHA; a letter from Ulysses S. Grant appointing Peixotto as U.S. Consul-General to Romania; correspondence during Peixotto's residency as Consul in Bucharest and Lyons; and the estate papers of Moses Levy Maduro Peixotto.
Dates: 1828-1829, 1864, 1870, 1873, 1875-1876, 1881, 1884-1885, 1887

Cohen family of Baltimore and Richmond papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-3
Abstract Contains primarily correspondence and some business and official papers of the Cohen Family of Baltimore and Richmond. Papers center around the following members of the family: Jacob I. Cohen (1784-1822), the firm of Cohen & Isaacs of Richmond, Mrs. Edmund Randolph, Carter Braxton (1794), and James Monroe, Governor of Virginia.
Dates: undated, 1779-1897

David Diamond papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-59
Abstract This Collection contains correspondence relating to Diamond's legal and political career, during which he served as Corporation Counsel for the City of Buffalo, New York State Supreme Court Justice, and on the faculty of the University of Buffalo Law School; material on his activities in the mayoral, gubernatorial, and presidential political campaigns, 1928-1952, among which was the chairmanship of the Buffalo Volunteers for Stevenson, and on his extensive communal and philanthropic activities.

The material concerning his philanthropic activites is cprimarily concerned with the American Civil Liberties Union, the Buffalo Jewish Center, the United Jewish Fund of Buffalo, the United Jewish Appeal, the American Jewish League for Israel, the American-Israel Cultural Foundation, the American Fund for Israel Institutions, the American Friends of the Hebrew University, the State of Israel Bonds, the Independent Zionists of America, the American Zionist Council and the American Christian Palestine Committee.

Collection also includes materials from the Civic Affairs Committee of Erie County; the Children's Aid Society; the United War and Community Fund; the Emergency Committee to Save the Jewish People of Europe; anti-Nazi materials; material on civil rights and anti-discrimination legislation; the problem of church and education; speeches; general correspondence; newspaper clippings; and memorabilia.
Dates: undated, 1928-1968

Benjamin Nathan Cardozo collection

 Collection
Identifier: P-128
Abstract Consists largely of photographs, illustrations, and manuscript drafts of George S. Hellman's Benjamin N. Cardozo, American Judge (New York, 1940); a copy of a letter from Franklin D. Roosevelt to the author in tribute to Cardozo (1939); a note by Hellman containing personal observations regarding Cardozo's funeral; nine letters by Cardozo, including one to Louise W. Wise (1929), and four to George A. Kohut (1931-2), one of which reflects Cardozo's reaction to the possibility of being appointed a U.S. Supreme Court Judge. Part of one letter appeared in PAJHS, v. 59.
Dates: undated, 1845-1970

David Levy Yulee papers

 Collection — Consolidated Box P3, Folder: P-115
Identifier: P-115
Abstract The collection includes the following items: four letters written by Yulee under his earlier name, Levy, one of which is addressed to Secretary of the Navy Abel Parker Upshur (1842), and three to Senator James Diament Westcott, Jr. (D - Fla.) (1843-1845); and a letter to Secretary of State William L. Marcy regarding the filling of the vacancy left by the death of Judge Bronson of the Northern District of Florida, another to President Franklin Pierce recommending McQueen McIntosh to fill that vacancy (1855); a letter to General William Miles written during the Civil War (1865); an executive order signed by President Andrew Johnson allowing a Mrs. Merrick to send a package to Yulee at Fort Pulaski where he was a prisoner of war (1865), as well as two letters written by Yulee while at Fort Pulaski (1866) a letter to a Mr. Dickinson introducing Capt. Hunter (n.d.); and an unidentified manuscript listing several senators, among whom is Yulee (n.d.). A letter to E. Livingston regarding a consular appointment (1857), and a note to C.L. Perkins of a routine nature (1858) are also included.
Dates: undated, 1842-1866

Cyrus Adler Papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-16
Abstract Born in Arkansas and raised in Pennsylvania, Cyrus Adler was a prominent Jewish scholar, educator, and leader. A nephew of the Philadelphian Sulzbergers (Mayer and David), Adler developed an interest in libraries, Semitics, and Assyriology, going on to earn a Ph.D from Johns Hopkins. In 1888, Adler began work at the Smithsonian Institute in Washington, D. C., and eventually became the President of Dropsie College in Philadelphia. Adler was active in the American Jewish Historical Society, the Jewish Theological Seminary, the United Synagogue, the American Jewish Committee, the Jewish Agency for Palestine, The Jewish Encyclopedia, and the National Jewish Welfare Board. He also participated in the 1919 Paris Peace Conference.

This collection represents a small portion of Adler's papers, with materials concerning Jewish activism, Conservative Judaism, and Jewish scholarship and history in America. The collection contains correspondence, page proofs, manuscripts, and published articles, clippings, notes, speeches, and ephemera.
Dates: undated, 1883-1937

Julius Bisno Collection

 Collection
Identifier: P-85
Abstract The collection contains items collected by Julius Bisno from various Jewish leaders from the early 1800s through the 1980s. These materials include correspondence and autographed photographs from Jewish members of the United Nations, U.S. President's Cabinet, U.S. Governors, U.S. Senators, U.S. House of Representatives, U.S. Supreme Court, diplomats, philanthropists, and miscellaneous Jewish leaders and organizations.
Dates: undated, 1780, 1801-1980

Harry Shapiro papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-56
Abstract Collection consists primarily of personal and professional correspondence, and copies of speeches relating to Shapiro's activities as a lawyer and as Secretary of Public Welfare of the state of Pennsylvania (1955-59). It also contains correspondence reflecting Shapiro's involvement in Jewish communal affairs, the largest amount relating to the Albert Einstein Medical Center in Philadelphia, and the Federation of Jewish Agencies of Greater Philadelphia.
Dates: undated, 1952-1963

Herbert Tenzer letter

 Collection — Consolidated Box P9, Folder: P-308
Identifier: P-308
Abstract Letter to Rabbi Gilbert Klaperman authorizing him to dispose of chometz, including that located in Mr. Tenzer's office as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives.
Dates: 1965

Jefferson Monroe Levy collection

 Collection
Identifier: P-48
Abstract Contains clippings, letters, certificates and photographs relating to the activities of Levy in both his public and private life. Materials relating to his service as a Representative of the State of N.Y. to the U.S. Congress focus on fiscal and labor legislation; the suffering of the Jews in Russia and Rumania and the attempts for the amelioration of their condition; and the controversy over Levy's purchase of Thomas Jefferson's home at Monticello. The latter constitutes the greater part of the collection.

Collection also includes also correspondence of Amelia Mayhoff, 1901-1939, sister of Levy, and documents relating to the military career of Monroe Mayhoff, 1910-1930.
Dates: undated, 1901-1939, 1985

Judah P. Benjamin Collection

 Collection
Identifier: P-45
Abstract Judah P. Benjamin, called the "brains of the Confederacy", was a statesman and jurist in the United States, the Confederate States, and Great Britain. Benjamin achieved high-ranking titles wherever he served, and left an indelible mark in the South where he held more official positions than any other man during the Civil War. After the fall of the Confederacy, Benjamin fled to England, where he was admitted to the English bar, and later assumed a judgeship. In 1872, he was appointed the highest ranking of Queen's counselor.

This collection contains correspondence; letters; newspaper clippings; Confederate bank notes and bonds; Civil War memorabilia; pamphlets; and a bound copy of Benjamin's diary, kept from 1862-1864. These materials are of particular interest to researchers studying the activities and experiences of Jews in the antebellum South and under the brief reign of the Confederate States of America. Additionally, through the material relating to memorials and preservation endeavors for Benjamin, the collection also provides a look at the continued glorification of Confederate heroes in the South long into the twentieth century. The collection also contains pre-Civil War correspondence between Benjamin and Peter A. Hargous regarding the creation of a railroad line on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in Mexico and the Tehuantepec Railroad Company of New Orleans.
Dates: undated, 1838, 1854-1884, 1893, 1925, 1930, 1942, 1948; Majority of material found within 1854-1884

Julius Klein Papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-835
Abstract Contains copies of correspondence, a dossier, memorandum, news articles, and press releases relating to Major General Klein's career in both World Wars; his service as Past National Commander of the Jewish War Veterans and Past President of the Jewish War Veterans of the U.S.A. Memorial in Washington, D.C.; and his involvement in establishing diplomatic relations between Israel and Western Germany in 1965. Major correspondents include David Ben-Gurion, Kurt Birrenbach, Abba Eban, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Ludwig Erhard, Levi, Eshkol, Golda Meir, and Felix E. Shinnar.
Dates: undated, 1931, 1948, 1955, 1957, 1960-1971

Leon David Crestohl, papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-63
Abstract Collection consists of correspondence, speeches, photographs, clippings, and memorabilia relating to Crestohl's activities as a lawyer and as a member of the House of Commons in the Parliament of Canada representing Montreal-Cartier, 1950-1963. It includes material relating to Canadian immigration policies, German rearmament, humane slaughtering, and citizen reactions to these issues; correspondence with members of the Israeli Parliament, and correspondence and speeches relating to his numerous activities in communal and Jewish affairs in general and Zionist organizations and The ORT in particular; and personal writings and memoirs in typescript and published material by and about Leon Crestohl.

The collection also contains correspondence in English and Yiddish between members of the Crestohl family, primarily his mother Rose (Weitzman) Crestohl, 1926-1941, and published and manuscript material, both original and copies, relating to the career of his father Hyman Meyer Crestohl, 1904-1921.
Dates: undated, 1841-1963

Lucien Wolf and David Mowshowitch Papers

 Collection
Identifier: RG 348
Abstract Lucien Wolf (1857-1930) was a diplomat, foreign affairs expert, journalist, and historian. As the secretary of the Joint Foreign Committee of the Board of Deputies of British Jews and the Anglo-Jewish Association (earlier the Conjoint Foreign Committee), Lucien Wolf took a leading role in the efforts of Western Jewry to aid persecuted Jews in Eastern Europe. He was also a delegate to the Paris Peace Conference (1919), where he helped to draft the minorities treaties guaranteeing the rights of Jews and other ethnic and religious minority groups. David Mowshowitch (1887-1957) was Lucien Wolf's secretary and aide at the Joint Foreign Committee for many years and continued to work for the Joint Foreign Committee until the 1950s. The collection consists of the papers of Lucien Wolf and David Mowshowitch, as well as fragmentary records of the Joint Foreign Committee. The material includes personal papers, correspondence, reports, memoranda, minutes of meetings, copies of articles, and press clippings. The documents pertain to the situation of persecuted Jews throughout the world, most notably the efforts of the Joint Foreign Committee of the Board of Deputies of British Jews and the Anglo-Jewish Association to aid the Jews of Eastern Europe, and to the Peace Conference at Paris in 1919 and the minorities treaties. There is also material on Lucien Wolf's and David Mowshowitch's other activities, most importantly Lucien Wolf's career as a journalist and as a historian of the Jewish community in Britain.
Dates: 1708-1963; Majority of material found within 1880-1930

Mordecai Manuel Noah, papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-75
Abstract Collection contains legal documents pertaining to Noah's official duties as surveyor of the port of New York (1830-1831), and correspondence relating to Noah's political career. Also included are: personal correspondence; a scrapbook; published material on Noah's journalistic career and personal life; articles and correspondence relating to the City of Ararat; and the Isaac Goldberg collection of Mordecai Manuel Noah letters, which consists of 28 letters from Noah to his wife Rebecca.
Dates: undated, 1816-1851

Nathan D. Perlman papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-66
Abstract Contains correspondence, judicial opinions, addresses and speeches, newspaper clippings, and published material relating to Perlman's career as a judge in various municipal courts of the city of New York (1935-1952), his political career as a New York State Assemblyman (1915-1917), member of the United States House of Representatives (1920-1927), and as an unsuccessful candidate for New York State office.

It also contains published material relating to Perlman's activities on behalf of the Jewish community, especially the American Jewish Congress (1942-1946), where he served as chairman of its National Executive Committee.

Approximately half of this collection consists of the official minutes; memoranda; administrative and investigatory reports; and correspondence of the Mayor's Committee on Unity established by Mayor Fiorello H. La Guardia in 1944, of which Perlman served as a member on the subcommittees on Housing, City Services, and the Timone Investigation.
Dates: 1915-1953

Oscar S. Straus Collection

 Collection — Consolidated Box P13, Folder: Collection P-485
Identifier: P-485
Abstract Contains letters to individuals on a variety of topics. Of special interest are two letters to Everett P. Wheeler describing the status of Americans in Turkey and his impression of the Sultan (1896); a letter to William B. Howland regarding Robert Watchorn, Immigration Commissioner at Ellis Island (1908); a letter to George Sylvester Viereck after Straus's unsuccessful attempt to run for governor of New York as a Progressive candidate (1912); and a letter to Charles S. Bird accompanying an address (not in collection) in support of the Progressive Party (1913).
Dates: circa 1892-1921