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Germany -- History -- 1945-1955

 Subject
Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings

Found in 23 Collections and/or Records:

Bruno Weil Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 7108 / MF 516
Abstract This collection includes historical and genealogical information about the Weil family. Also included is correspondence regarding Bruno Weil's restitution case as well as the organization of Nazi persecution victims. World War I diaries and manuscripts of books written by Weil are also part of the collection.
Dates: 1854-1972

Edgar and Brigitte Bodenheimer Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25709
Abstract The Edgar and Brigitte Bodenheimer Collection documents the professional and personal life of law professor Edgar Bodenheimer as well as that of his wife, Brigitte Bodenheimer (née Levy). The collection contains documentation on their early legal work during the 1940s, Edgar's participation in the Nuremberg Trials, and postwar work as professors, as well as material on their daily lives and other family members. The collection includes a copious amount of correspondence, lecture texts, certificates and diplomas, diaries and notebooks, newspaper clippings, teaching material, poetry, a friendship album, and other papers.
Dates: 1897-1992, 2011; Majority of material found within 1920-1983

Ernst C. Stiefel Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 5230 / MF 744
Abstract This collection documents the work of the lawyer and researcher Ernst C. Stiefel, especially the research pertaining to his book Deutsche Juristen im amerikanischen Exil (1933-1950). Included here are articles and offprints, correspondence, notes, and copies of archival records from several institutions. Although the major focus of the collection is on Stiefel's research on German Jewish refugee jurists, other topics found here include National Socialism, post-war Germany, and various legal topics.
Dates: 1913-2001

Ernst Hamburger Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 7034 / MF 672
Abstract The life of Ernst Hamburger was extraordinarily rich and varied; regrettably, his literary estate does not completely document it. In his flight from Nazi Germany, Hamburger had to leave all his papers behind. With a few exceptions, the same was the case in 1940. It appears he made it a practice to periodically weed his papers. At his request, a friend went through his papers after his death and destroyed two cartons full of personal and confidential material. Consequently, the remaining matter is only a fragment of a much larger life’s work.
Dates: 1810-1982

Ernst Kantorowicz Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 7216 / MF 561
Abstract Correspondence on various topics, including emigration to the United States and Cuba; relocation in academic jobs; denazification and conditions in Germany after the war; and Kantorowicz's scholarship. Unpublished manuscripts, and offprints of articles and reviews by Kantorowicz, largely on medieval cultural history; a brief biography of him by Ralph Giesey. Manuscripts, correspondence, legal briefs, clippings, and other material on the loyalty-oath controversy; material on Kantorowicz's tenure at the University of Frankfurt, and on his dismissal. Manuscripts, correspondence, and other papers of family members; an art history essay by Gertrude Kantorowicz and a pamphlet of poetry from Theresienstadt; genealogies; and a manuscript on Simon Kaliphari of Posen; manuscript by Kaete Ledermann, A Memorial of Angi ("Esther") Kantorowicz, c. 1904-1944, 1954, including transcript compiled by Guenther Roth. Photos of Kantorowicz and of family members. Papers of Richard Kandt (1867-1918), an African explorer and, from 1908-1914, administrator of Ruanda: poems, letters, maps, and obituaries. Addenda: Original lectures by Kantorowicz. Photocopies for reader service.
Dates: 1918-1991

Hanna Schiller Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 10374
Abstract This collection contains papers and some photographs pertaining to Hannah Schiller, her husband Rolf Wartenberg and her parents Rosa Schiller (née Oleynick) and Edwin Schiller. The emphasis of the material lies on Hannah Schiller's university and alumni papers and the couple's work at the Office of War information. The collection also contains various family documents, memorabilia and photos and Hannah's childhood diary documenting the family's emigration. There is correspondence with various organizations and friends mostly from the 1940s and 1950s.
Dates: 1914-1996; Majority of material found within 1921-1956

Harry Kranner Fiss Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25595
Abstract The Harry Kranner Fiss Collection documents the life of Harry Kranner Fiss, especially highlighting his life in Vienna, Austria, in the 1930s, as a translator for the American military's prosecution team at the Nuremberg Trials in 1945, and his professional career. A smaller amount of material relates to the Kranner/ Fiss family and to the related Römer, Singer, and other families. The collection contains many manuscripts and drafts of articles, novels, and poetry; diaries; extensive photographs and photograph albums; correspondence; notes; official documents; programs; and other materials.
Dates: 1907-2010; Majority of material found within 1920-2001

Henry Weingartner Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25291 / MF 858
Abstract Vital records; certificates; clippings; correspondence pertaining to Henry (Heinz) W. Weingartner
Dates: 1914-

Jewish Theater Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 2371
Abstract This collection contains posters, programs, and newspaper reviews for performances of Jewish theater in cities in Germany, Austria, and Lithuania, including theater produced by and about displaced persons in post-World War II Germany.
Dates: 1916-1950

Julie Braun-Vogelstein Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25034 / MF 473
Abstract This collection contains correspondence and other materials related to the Braun-Vogelstein family.
Dates: 1743-1971

Ludwig Bendix Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 3380 / MF 595
Abstract Articles
Dates: 1912-1965

Marion Rosenthal Biel Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25703
Abstract The Marion Rosenthal Biel Collection holds papers of Marion Rosenthal Biel, her husband Frederick (Fritz) Biel, and of some of their family members. Prominent in the collection are documentation of Marion's early life in Germany and of her life during the early 1940s in England, Wales, and New York, as well as Frederick's time as an interpreter in the United States Army during World War II. The collection includes diaries, military documentation, photographs and a photo album, a small amount of correspondence, family members' official documents, and various other papers.
Dates: 1845-1975 ; 2007-2016; Majority of material found within 1924-1946

Marta Fraenkel Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 4348
Abstract The Marta Fraenkel Collection holds papers and correspondence of Marta Fraenkel and her family members. Prominent topics include postwar Germany and Korea and the lives of family members who resided there. Some focus on the family genealogy is also existent. The collection comprises correspondence, personal and official papers, biographical articles, family trees, postcards and some notes.
Dates: 1890-1968; Majority of material found within 1945-1950

Martha Werner Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 7261 / MF 496
Abstract The collection contains documents related to birth, education, marriage, employment, emigration, death as well as correspondence, writings, clippings and photographs for Martha Werner, her husband Berthold Werner, her sisters Hansi and Liesel, her parents Heinrich Gruen and Mathilda Goldstein, and her husband's parents Koloman Werner (Kohn) and Rosa Heumann. There are baptism certificates for several family members.
Dates: 1872-1976

Ottilie Schoenewald Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 3896 / MF 622
Abstract Correspondence of Schoenewald with institutions and individuals, including Leo Baeck, Klara Caro, Dora Edinger, Alfred Hirschberg, Selma Jolowicz, Hannah Karminski, Ernst Lowenthal, and Lilli Marx; Manuscripts, clippings, and offprints of articles, lectures, and speeches, by Schoenewald and others, on feminism, social work, the Juedischer Frauenbund, post-World War II Germany, U.S. immigration laws, and denazification; Material on Bertha Pappenheim; Records of the Juedischer Frauenbund; Records of the International Council of Jewish Women; Clippings.
Dates: 1905-1983

Otto Grüters Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 6543
Abstract The material is a comprehensive collection of letters written by Otto Grüters, teacher, to his former pupil, the political scientist and author, John H. Herz between 1946-1970. The contents of the letters covers the political situation in Germany, the United States, and the world, with a focus on denazification themes and other post-World War II matters in Germany.
Dates: 1946-1971

Pinkus Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 7030
Abstract The collection contains papers including vital documents, membership cards, awards, medals, diaries, memoirs, diaries, manuscripts, legal papers, correspondence, business records, wills, genealogies and family histories regarding the Pinkus family, notable textile manufacturers in Neustadt (now Prudnik, Poland) in Upper Silesia, and their personal and business affairs. The family was also highly regarded for its support of civic and cultural affairs in the area, and corresponded with several notable cultural figures.
Dates: 1500s-1994,; Majority of material found within 1725-1994

Robert Weltsch Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 7185 / MF 491
Abstract Correspondence with family members and with other individuals; correspondence of Weltsch as editor of Juedische Rundschau and Juedische Welt-Rundschau; correspondence on Zionist affairs; personal papers of Robert Weltsch and other family members; manuscripts and other material on Jewish life in Prague; speeches, reports, essays, and journalistic dispatches by Weltsch on Zionism, Jewish-Arab and Jewish-German relations, displaced persons in post-World War II Europe, the Nuremberg war crimes trials, and the founding of the State of Israel; clippings of articles by Weltsch; clippings and manuscripts by others on Zionism and Jewish affairs; records of the Komitee fuer den Osten concerning the situation of East European Jewry at the end of World War I; records of the Verband Juedischer Studentenvereine in Deutschland from the 1920s and of the Jewish student fraternity Bar Kochba, Prague, including reports, minutes, membership lists, and correspondence of its Israeli alumni association; correspondence and minutes of Brith Shalom, an organization which favored Arab-Jewish cooperation and a bi-national state, and Ha-Poel Ha-Zair, a Zionist labor party; correspondence of the Zionistische Vereinigung fuer Deutschland and of Aliyah Hadasha, a German-Jewish party in the Yishuv; papers of Solomon Adler-Rudel; correspondence and other material on the Evian Conference and on emigration from Nazi Germany in the 1930s and from German-occupied Europe during World War II, including reports of the Movement for the Care of Children from Germany; research notes and manuscripts by Adler Rudel for his biography of Baron Maurice de Hirsch; manuscript: "Max Brod and his Age". 1969; lecture on the development of Jewish consciousness in a western, educated, assimilated man.
Dates: 1770-1997

Ruth Whitfield Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 10906 / MF 633
Abstract Publications "Judentum und Abendland" by Willy Hartner (1961), "Festgabe" for the tenth anniversary of the Akademie fuer die Wissenschaft des Judentums, 1919-1929. Two Publications concerning the dedication of the new synagogue in Augsburg (1917): Festschrift "Ein Gang durch die Geschichte der Juden in Augsburg" and "Reden bei der neuen Synagoge zu Augsburg am 4. April 1917." Whitfield (Waitzfelder) family correspondence; photograph of Waitzfelder tombs; annoucement for a welfare film presented by the Israelitischer Frauenverein Augsburg, clipping. Letter by Ruth Whitfield, Goldberg's daughter, explaining the fate of her family after the November pogrom. Various documents pertaining to the family of Ruth Goldberg, especially documents relating to her grandfather Michael Goldberg (marriage contract (1877, original document, old German script), birth certificate for Jacques Julius Goldberg (1881, copy); death certificate; Citizenship certificate ("Naturalisationsurkunde") for Michael Goldberg and his family (1898, Speyer, original document, old German script); Heimatschein for Michael Goldberg (1898, Landau, original document, old German script); Julius Goldberg's registration book for the University of Heidelberg (1902, original document); marriage certificate for Jacques Julius Goldberg (Strassburg, 1911, original document); funeral sermon for Michael Goldberg (Landau, 1914); newspaper clipping (1914); Various diploma and certificates for Jacques Waitzfelder: diploma as a political economist (University of Munich, 1926), Hoeherer Justiz- und Verwaltungsdienst (Wuerzbuerg, 1927), Admission as a lawyer (Munich, 1933).
Dates: 1877-1998

Toni and Gustav Stolper Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 7212 / MF 481
Abstract The Toni Stolper and Gustav Stolper Collection attests to the Stolpers' rich political and intellectual work in Germany and the United States. The materials provide an intimate account of Toni Stolper's life and career. In many respects, they complement the papers of her husband Gustav Stolper, which are located at the Bundesarchiv in Koblenz, Germany.
Dates: 1866-1990

Victor Cooper Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 10113
Abstract This collection documents the work of the concentration camp survivor Viktor Kupfer (later Victor Cooper) as a business custodian, special investigator, and Jewish community leader in Straubing (Bavaria, Germany) from 1945-1949. The collection relates primarily to the denazification process and early restitution cases in Straubing as well as the rebuilding of Straubing’s Jewish community. Materials included consist of correspondence, legal statements, affidavits, court decisions, reports, Viktor Kupfer’s personal identification documents, and a few copies of photographs and memorial programs. Several documents contain anonymous threats.
Dates: 1935-1951

Vierfelder Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 890 / MF 408
Abstract This collection covers the history of the Vierfelder family, and includes materials on the town of Buchau, Wuerttemberg.
Dates: 1694-1960

Walter, Greta and Karl Loewenstein Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25227
Abstract This collection holds papers of members of the Loewenstein family, especially Walter and Karl Loewenstein. Among the papers here are examples of Walter Loewenstein's writing, documentation of life in Rietberg in Westphalia (Germany) during the late 1930s and early 1940s, and correspondence concerning the fate of several family members during this time. Papers relating to Karl Loewenstein focus on his wartime activities. The genealogy of the Brandenstein family is also represented here along with a few papers of other family members. The collection consists of unpublished manuscripts, correspondence, photographs, official and restitution documentation, notebooks and notes, genealogical research, and fliers.
Dates: 1821-2004; Majority of material found in 1933-1989