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Jews -- Persecutions -- Germany -- History -- 20th century

Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings

Found in 21 Collections and/or Records:

Augusta and Emil Mane Collection

Identifier: AR 6835
Abstract This collection contains the personal papers of Augusta (1905-2000) and Emil Mane (1900-1991) of Philippsburg, Baden, Germany. They were forced to sell their iron works business Gebrüder Gutmann in 1938 and, after Emil’s imprisonment in Dachau and time in an English refugee camp, they immigrated to the United States. The collection includes personal correspondence, emigration and restitution materials, recipes, photographs, a family tree, and a list of what happened to the Jews of Philippsburg during or after World War II.
Dates: 1905-circa 1997, 2013; Majority of material found within 1937-1945

Bruno Weil Collection

Identifier: AR 7108 / MF 516
Abstract This collection includes historical and genealogical information about the Weil family. Also included is correspondence regarding Bruno Weil's restitution case as well as the organization of Nazi persecution victims. World War I diaries and manuscripts of books written by Weil are also part of the collection.
Dates: 1854-1972

Buttenhausen Jewish community collection

Identifier: AR 2057
Abstract The bulk of the collection deals with a 1787 letter of protection for 25 Jewish families, allowing them to settle in Buttenhausen. Also included is material, documenting Jewish history in and around Buttenhausen; material, documenting the persecution of Jews, 1933-1945; and clippings about the dedication of various memorials, 1961-2000.
Dates: 1829, 1919-2000

Correspondence of Joel Heimann’s Children

Identifier: DM 335
Abstract These are the translated letters between the Heimann siblings in Germany, Palestine and Uruguay; mainly in 1939.
Dates: 1928-1943

Den Unvergessenen (The not forgotten).

Identifier: ALB-OS 50
Abstract Portraits and brief biographical statements of men and women, murdered during the Holocaust.
Dates: circa 1960s.

Gisela Bloch Collection

Identifier: AR 11010
Abstract Documents pertaining to Gisela Bloch and her ancestors, consisting of an 18th century travel journal, two friendship books, diaries, and some official records.
Dates: 1761-1939

Hedwig and Berthold Edelmuth Collection

Identifier: AR 25387
Abstract The bulk of this collection consists of approx. 50 letters from Hedwig and Berthold Edelmuth in Reiskirchen, Hesse (Germany) to their daughters, Gertrude and Sylvia, in New York, describing daily life in a small German town during constant rising of hardship and persecution, 1937 to 1941. Also included are correspondence by others and Gertrude Edelmuth’s friendship book.
Dates: 1902-1944; Majority of material found within 1937-1941

Herbert Freeden Collection

Identifier: LBIJER 1052
Abstract This collection contains primarily materials (correspondence, press releases, contracts with the publishing house etc.) pertaining to Herbert Freeden's book about Jewish theater in Nazi Germany (Herbert Freeden: Juedisches Theater in Nazideutschland. Tuebingen: Mohr 1964.) Also included are typed manuscripts by Herbert Freeden mainly about the Jewish experience in Nazi Germany, as well as materials pertaining to Freeden's book about Jewish press in Nazi Germany (Herbert Freeden: Die juedische Presse im Dritten Reich. Frankfurt a.M. 1987.)
Dates: 1961-1990; Majority of material found within 1963-1965

Kaiser Family Collection

Identifier: AR 25801
Abstract The collection traces the history of the Kaiser family and the lives of its members over the course of the 20th century through correspondence, documents, writings, family history information, and photographs.
Dates: undated, 1870-2017

Karl Ziemke Collection

Identifier: AR 12020
Abstract Correspondence includes primarily letters and postcards from [Salli] Ziemke in Danzig, then Germany, to his son Karl and his son’s family in New Haven, Connecticut, as well as correspondence from other relatives in Mława, Poland, to Karl Ziemke and his wife, 1939-1941. Also included are various materials pertaining to Karl Ziemke’s dental laboratory in Danzig and in New Haven.
Dates: 1939-1941, 1961

Karlsruhe Jewish Community Collection

Identifier: AR 2036
Abstract This collection contains assorted items regarding the Jewish community in Karlsruhe: photocopied excerpts from Carlsruher Wochenblatt, 1774-1775 about court cases; manuscript of songs and prayers on occasion of Prince Carl Ludwig Friedrich and his wife Stephanie Napoleon's visit to the Karlsruhe synagogue on July 18, 1806; manuscript entitled Geschichte und Schicksal des Karlsruher Judentums, an unpublished 1985 research paper by the Karlsruhe municipality, containing lists of Jewish residents in Karlsruhe during the 1930s and their fate. Includes extensive appendix of names and last known fate.
Dates: 1774-1985

Königsberg Jewish Community Collection

Identifier: AR 1815
Abstract This collection contains assorted primary and secondary materials relevant to the former German-Jewish community of Königsberg, including programs from the synagogue and local Jewish organizations, curricula for Jewish education in Königsberg, and materials on the development of a prayer book for the New Synagogue.
Dates: 1899-1969

Lila and Leo Marx Collection

Identifier: AR 25690
Abstract The Lila and Leo Marx Collection contains the papers of this couple, with documentation about their early lives in Germany and the effects on their lives by Nazi persecution, their subsequent emigration, and the fates of their family members. Much of the collection focuses on their restitution claims and financial situation. The collection consists of a large amount of restitution correspondence; family correspondence; official, educational, and employment documents; a chronology and narrative of the lives of Lila and Leo Marx and their families; and a few photographic postcards.
Dates: 1901-2012; Majority of material found within 1956-1982

Mane Family Collection

Identifier: DM 222 / MF 557
Abstract Miscellaneous materials pertaining to the Mane family, including work certificates (1918, 1919) of Emil Mane and his papers about his departure to England in June 1939; birth certificate of Augusta Faber Mane, her letter about national socialists in Philippsburg, 1943; and the marriage certificate of Emil and Augusta Mane (1930).
Dates: c.1860-1992

Margaret Gabali Rosenfelt Collection

Identifier: AR 25414
Abstract This collection contains personal papers of Margaret Gabali Rosenfelt (1912-2005), including official documents as well as correspondence with family, German and French authorities, and her friend Rudolf Schneider, a Stuttgart architect. A diary and memoirs are also included.
Dates: 1912-1989, 2005, 2010

Marianne Jorjorian Collection

Identifier: AR 25656
Abstract This collection consists mainly of the writings of Marianne Jorjorian (née Willdorff, married Dreifus, 1922-1977). A small portion relates to her death in 1977. After fleeing her hometown of Berlin, Germany in 1939, Marianne married Henry Dreifus, and the couple had Claudia Dreifus, who became a noted freelance journalist. Marianne was a troubled writer, artist, and waitress in New York City. She eventually married Aram Jorjorian and moved to Reno, Nevada. Her writings tend to be autobiographical and frequently deal with Nazi atrocities.
Dates: circa 1950-1977

Mecklenburg; Jewish Community Collection

Identifier: AR 3453 / MF 640
Abstract Folder 1 contains: List of Jewish communities from the American Federation of Jews from Central Europe; Genealogical records regarding Bonheim family; article by evangelisch-lutherische Landeskirche Mecklenburg, "Reichskristallnacht 1938, Reichspogromgedenken 1988", 48p., 1988
Dates: 1945-1998

Mühlfelder and Roeckert Families Collection

Identifier: AR 25844
Abstract The Mühlfelder and Roeckert Families Collection contains both primary sources and research materials that, together, combine to record the history of these families. Charles C. Milford (born Klaus Mühlfelder) compiled the research materials; the greatest quantity of correspondence, documents, and photographs in the collection also pertains to his life. Documents include vital documents, educational records, military service records, and materials relating to Charles C. Milford’s career as a librarian. In addition to Milford, his father Simon Mühlfelder and wife Patricia E. Milford feature most prominently in the first three series of the collection. Family history research focuses on Simon Mühlfelder’s first wife Martha Kassel and people within her milieu. This research is compiled from Milford’s correspondence with scholars and archives, relevant archival finding aids and photocopies of documents held by various archives, articles, photocopies from books, catalog records for pertinent books, and Wikipedia pages and other printouts of biographical information from the Internet. These same types of material also make up Milford’s research on topics of interest, including the history of Jews in Germany broadly and of the Mühlfelder family specifically.
Dates: undated, 1811-2018; Majority of material found within 1927-2018

Reichsbund Juedischer Frontsoldaten Collection

Identifier: AR 3243
Abstract The collection contains primarily circulars pertaining to the German organization of Jewish soldiers who fought in World War I.
Dates: 1925-1975

Stanton Family Collection

Identifier: AR 25893
Abstract The Stanton Family Collection contains documents, correspondence, and photographs representing several centuries of Henry Stanton’s German-Jewish ancestors from the Sobernheim, Hinrichsen, Bütow, Bendix, Reiche, Abraham, Goldschmidt, Bleichröder, and Mond families. Family histories by Stanton based upon these materials are also included.
Dates: undated, 1815-2018

Walther Weiss Collection

Identifier: AR 4830
Abstract This collection contains records of the Munich Jewish community and the Reichsvereinigung der Juden in Deutschland. Most of the materials stem from 1939-1941 and include administrative records, financial records, newsletters, reports, notes, and blank forms.
Dates: 1894-1941; circa 1979