Germany -- Emigration and immigration -- History -- 1933-1945
Found in 40 Collections and/or Records:
The American Federation of Jews from Central Europe Collection consists of the Federation’s office files. This includes professional correspondence, by-laws, materials related to meetings and lectures, newspaper clippings, photographs, meeting minutes, reports, speeches, drafts, financial records, legal documents and forms, materials related to immigration and naturalization, newsletters and circulars, membership records, personnel files, restitution materials, oral history transcripts, and items of various related organizations and synagogues. There are also some personal documents sent to the AFJCE by members of the public.
The collection contains documents of Ernst Beiner and his family, including documents pertaining to his studies and work in pharmacy and dentistry, family photographs, and a file of material regarding his restitution claim against Germany after World War II. Also included are documents of the family of Biener's wife Fanny Beiner née Karpf.
This collection documents the family of Bernhard Wolff, extending back to his earliest known ancestor in 1646 through his grandchildren born in the 1970s. Born in Esens (Ostfriesland, Germany), Bernhard escaped National Socialist persecution by emigrating to Porto Alegre, Brazil in 1938, followed shortly thereafter by his wife Fanny née Mitau. His six siblings and mother Flora née Oppenheimer also emigrated, eventually settling in Brazil, Argentina, Chile, or the U.S. The collection contains correspondence, family trees, vital records, official documents, and photographs of family and Jewish historical sites. Also included are a three-volume family chronicle and a two-volume collection of materials on the Jewish community of Esens (Ostfriesland) created by Bernhard Wolff. A unique highlight of the collection is the postcard album belonging to Fanny’s mother Ida Mitau née Jacobsohn, who was not able to escape Germany and perished in Theresienstadt.
The collection contains a compilation of letters sent to Charles Leigh (formerly Karlheinz Liebenau) and his sister Helga in England, where they had immigrated via Kindertransport, from their parents Max Liebenau and Dora Liebenau née Simke in Berlin. The letters are dated from May 1939, the time of their arrival in England, to November 1941, when their parents were deported to Riga. Photocopies of the original correspondence are accompanied by English translations.
The focus of this collection lies on the correspondence between Lily Lösser and her daughters Yutta (Judy) and Gaby (Gabrielle) during their time of separation 1943-1946. The rest of the collection is made up of personal albums, official correspondence, documents and other material.
Correspondence, personal documents, and photographs in this collection show the life of George Garrington (Grünbaum) from his youth in Berlin, through the war years spent in England, to his later life in the United States. These materials document his relationships with family and friends, as well as his education, immigration, military service, career in engineering, and organizations with which he was involved.
The Herbert Strauss Addenda contains subject files and writings from Strauss’ position as the executive director of the American Federation of Jews from Central Europe. These include correspondence, reports, newspaper clippings, newsletters and pamphlets, and writings, including manuscripts and dissertations in the field of German-Jewish history and related topics.
The collection contains documentation of the lives of Heimann Posener and Jenny née Reinhold in Germany and their emigration from Germany to the United States via England. Included are various identity cards; correspondence pertaining to obtaining American visas and ship tickets; and correspondence pertaining to storing furniture and household goods in Germany and shipping the items to the United States.
This collection contains materials relating to the Auswanderungslehrgut Gross-Breesen, a Silesian training farm created in 1936 by the Reichsvertretung der Juden in Deutschland to provide young Jews agricultural skills in order to ease their emigration from Germany. The materials include a complete set of the Rundbriefe (newsletters) via which former students stayed in touch and documented their life experiences after leaving Gross-Breesen. The collection also includes a handful of additional letters that appear to have been circulated among the same group, as well as some original documents from Gross-Breesen, clippings, reunion materials, and a three-volume compilation of material that includes, among other things, typed copies of the newsletters.
The collection traces the history of the Kaiser family and the lives of its members over the course of the 20th century through correspondence, documents, writings, family history information, and photographs.
This collection tells the story of Liselotte (Lilo) Thekla Lamm, her parents Leo Lamm and Margarete (Gretel) Lamm née Falk, husbands Norbert Goldenberg, Hans Gerhard Ollendorff, and William (Bill) Thurnauer, their children and grandchildren, and members of their extended families. The families’ lives in Germany, immigration to the United States, and professional, political and philanthropic activities are documented through vital documents, photographs, correspondence, writings, articles, and clippings.
The collection contains documents pertaining to the life and work of historian Ludwig Oelsner. Included in the collection is bound book of poetry containing 106 handwritten poems by Oelsner; a bound album containing university degrees, certificates, handwritten and signed letters by historian Leopold von Ranke, articles by Oelsner, articles about Oelsner's career, book reviews, obituaries, eulogies, and photograph of Oelsner on the cover; honorary doctoral diploma with seal from the University of Wrocław; and membership certificate of the Freies Deutsches Hochstift. The collection also contains three Red Cross letters between Anna Mottek in London and her brother-in-law Eugen Mottek in Berlin dated between February 1941 and January 1942.
The collection contains documentation of the life of Moritz Schweizer, particularly his persecution during World War II. Included in the collection is a diary excerpt listing concentration camp victims he buried after his liberation; correspondence; documents pertaining to his emigration from Germany to Amsterdam; documents pertaining to his internment in Westerbork and Bergen-Belsen; information kept by Schweizer on children in the orphanage at Bergen-Belsen; and letters of sympathy to his wife after his death.
This collection contains official certificates documenting the lives of four family members of the Ogutsch-Katz family. Also included are report cards, clippings, correspondence, and obituaries, as well as many photographs.
The collection is comprised of files pertaining to the restitution claims of Paul Engel, his wife Margaret A. Engel née Elikann, Margaret’s sister Selma Hacker née Elikann, and Selma’s husband Carl Hacker, along with wartime and post-war family correspondence.
TThe file contains various documents pertaining to the activity of the Reich Association of Jews in Germany (Reichsvereinigung der Juden in Deutschland) and comprises three folders.
Materials in this collection document both the private lives and business activities of the Nathan family, owners of shoe manufacturing companies in Frankfurt am Main and Chicago, through correspondence, documents, business records, and photographs. The collection focuses on Richard Nathan, his wife Anna Nathan née David, and their sons Franz Hermann, Erich, and Walter.
The bulk of the collection contains letters to Harry Rimalower in Argentina from his parents and other family members in Leipzig, Germany, (1936-1940). Included in the letters are updates on family members and friends in Germany, discussion of the ever-worsening situation there, and discussion of efforts to facilitate the emigration of Harry Rimalower's parents from Germany. English-language translations of several letters are included. Also included is a brief history of the Eppstein family of Mannheim and a family tree of the Bernhard Solomon family from the 17th century to 1937, with birth and death dates and locations.
The collection contains documentation of the Ruth Hirsch family, including vital documents and documents pertaining to the emigration of Emmanuel and Citonia Hirsch and Karl and Gertrude Metzger from Germany to the United States.