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Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)

 Subject
Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings

Found in 292 Collections and/or Records:

Jews in Germany after 1945 collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 4197
Abstract

The collection consists of clippings from West-German, Swiss, and US newspapers, as well as some correspondence, published materials and ephemera, describing various aspects of Jews in Germany after the Holocaust.

Dates: 1951-1995

Jews in Weimar

 Collection
Identifier: AR 6261
Abstract

This small collection holds name lists of Jewish residents in Weimar, 1879-1941, as well as reports from survivors of the Holocaust in Weimar. Also included is correspondence, describing these reports’ provenance.

Dates: 1986-1991

John H. E. Fried Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 7262 / MF 490 / MF 485
Abstract

The John H. E. Fried Collection contains legal briefs prepared by Fried as a legal consultant to the Nuremberg Tribunal. Manuscripts, legal briefs, clippings, offprints, and memoranda by Fried, Justice Robert Jackson, John J. McCloy and others, cover a range of topics including war crimes, National Socialism, international law, and human rights. The collection contains proceedings of war crimes trials, in particular those of the Nuremberg Tribunal. Also of interest are drafts and research notes by Fried for books on human rights and international justice.

Dates: 1815-1997

John J. Neumaier Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 11999
Abstract

The collection contains about 50 of Neumaier's columns (photocopies, and 2 typescripts) for the Kingston Daily Freeman, as well as business cards; clippings (photocopies and original) of newspaper articles about Neumaier; an article by Neumaier from the St Paul Pioneer Press Dispatch; and a pamphlet, "Perestroika and Ideology," by Neumaier.

Dates: 1966-2002

John L. Englander Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25170
Abstract

The John L. Englander Family Collection describes the life of John L. Englander's mother and her family members. From 1937 to 1943 they corresponded between America, where John’s sister Elisabeth lived, and Augsburg. The letters describe their growing desperation and the need to send the children (Elisabeth and Hans, Elisabeth's twin sister stayed in Germany) out of Germany. The correspondence is the largest part of the collection. It furthermore contains poetry books and some photographs.

Dates: 1879-2004; Majority of material found within 1937-1943

Joseph Perkins Chamberlain Papers

 Collection
Identifier: RG 278
Abstract

This collection contains the papers of Joseph Perkins Chamberlain, a professor of law who worked with many refugee aid organizations during the 1930s and 1940s. The papers reflect the work of Chamberlain and the organizations in rescuing and assisting refugees from Europe during this time. Although the bulk of the documents consists of correspondence, the collection also includes minutes of meetings, reports, statistical information, clippings, booklets and transcripts of speeches.

Dates: 1934-1951

Joseph Rodgers Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25315 / MF 861
Dates: 1882-1994; Majority of material found in 1920-1940

Joseph Rothschild Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 6497
Abstract

The collection contains an assortment of documents related to the extended family of Joseph Rothschild of Weiterode (now incorporated into Bebra, Germany), especially to the family of his descendent Meinhold Rothschild.

Dates: 1851-1980

Joseph W. Eaton Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 10028
Abstract

Joseph Eaton (born Josef Wechsler) was an American sociologist at the University of Pittsburgh and a German-Jewish immigrant who arrived in the United States as a child in 1934. The collection primarily comprises correspondence, writings, clippings, ephemera, and photocopied archival materials related to Eaton's genealogical research in the Bavarian localities of Schwabach, Nuremberg, Fürth, and Theilheim (Waigolshausen), including materials pertaining to the history of the Jewish communities in those localities, as well as specifically to Eaton's own immediate family and his ancestors of the Wechsler, Rosenbaum, and Goldschmidt families. Included are materials related to Eaton's travels to those localities in the context of programs hosting former Jewish residents and commemorating the Holocaust and the German-Jewish communities that were destroyed. A small portion of the collection pertains to Eaton's scholarly interest in the experiences of Jewish communists in East German society, including transcripts and/or audio files of two interviews he conducted with Hermann Axen, a Jewish concentration camp survivor who from the 1970s until 1989 was a member of the Politburo of the ruling Socialist Unity Party.

Dates: 1597, 1704-1894, 1944-2008; Majority of material found within 1966-2008

Julius S. Held Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25002
Abstract

This collection documents the family history of art historian Julius S. Held (1905-2002), who was born in Mosbach, Germany and immigrated to the United States in 1934. The bulk of the collection consists of personal family correspondence. Other materials include genealogical tables, a few business and educational records, personal notes, a few anti-Semitic flyers, clippings, a ketubah, and a portrait of Rabbi David Sinzheim.

Dates: 1800-1999

Karl Lowenthal Papers

 Collection
Identifier: RG 718
Scope and Contents

The collection relates to Lowenthal's contacts with concentration camp inmates. Correspondence, receipts for packages sent to Terezin and Vught, certificates for food packages sent through Joodsche Raad, Amsterdam.

Dates: 1939 - 1945

Karl Rosenthal Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 909 / MF 719
Abstract

This collection holds material relating to Karl Rosenthal, rabbi of the Berlin Reform Congregation and Temple of Israel in Wilmington, North Carolina. Items in this collection center on his life, especially his time as rabbi in Berlin, as well as on the life of his wife. In addition to biographical material, the collection also holds Karl Rosenthal's writings, such as sermons and published articles. There are also two tapes of a lengthy interview with Trudie Rosenthal that describe the Rosenthals' life in Germany.

Dates: 1915-1981; Majority of material found within 1925-1951

Kindertransport Memorial Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 6992
Abstract

This collection contains materials on remembrances of the Kindertransport. Materials include correspondence, handwritten notes, memorial programs, the text of a speech by Gerhard Schroeder, membership directories, annual reports, synopses and advertisements for publications and films on the Kindertransport, and materials from a 1999 reunion of individuals who were part of the Kindertransport.

Dates: 1987-2005

Klub Zyrardow Records

 Collection
Identifier: RG 801
Dates: 1909; 1920 - 1977

Kurt Schwerin Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 121
Abstract

This collection documents the life and work of Kurt Schwerin. Kurt Schwerin immigrated to the United States in 1938 where he became a librarian and professor of law. Contained are several of his writings, research notes and other papers mainly related to his attempts to organize the immigration of his family, to settle down in the United States and regarding to his function as board member and head of the Chicago Chapter of the Leo Baeck Institute.

Dates: 1841-1993; Majority of material found within 1931-1993

Kurt Willner Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 11998
Abstract

Photocopies of correspondence and other materials documenting the fate of Chaim and Rachel Willner.

Dates: 1938-1998

Leipzig Jewish Community Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 2167
Abstract

This collection includes various material concerning the Jewish Community in Leipzig. It contains administrative files and correspondence from the Third Reich as well as lists of deportations. It also contains speeches and essays about Jewish life in Leipzig.

Dates: 1422-1997; Majority of material found within 1925-1968

Leizer Ran Papers

 Collection
Identifier: RG 327
Scope and Contents

Predominantly printed matter relating to the economic, political, cultural and religious life of Jews in Cuba. Materials from organizations: Zionist groups, youth groups, cultural institutions, communal welfare organizations, groups for World War II refugees, landsmanshaftn, ORT. Records of an archive-museum of Jewish life in Cuba, organized by the JDC in Havana. Photographs of Jewish life in Cuba.

Dates: 1926 - 1953

Leo Abraham Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25425
Abstract

The Leo Abraham Collection documents the immigration of Leo Abraham to the United States on the eve of World War II. The collection contains mostly personal papers and correspondence to his family who he attempted to get clearance to immigrate as well. After 1945, most of the papers in the collection are related to restitution for his loss of property.

Dates: 1938-1983; Majority of material found within 1938-1942

Leo Baeck Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 66
Abstract

The Leo Baeck Collection documents the life and work of Rabbi Leo Baeck, well-known as a leader, scholar, and spokesman for German Jewry. Although the most prominent items in this collection are articles, clippings, and biographical material on Leo Baeck, the collection also holds original manuscripts of his writing, as well as personal documents, correspondence, and a small amount of photographs and artwork.

Dates: 1885-2001

Leo Baeck Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25449
Abstract

The Leo Baeck Family Collection documents the lives and influential events of members of the Baeck and Berlak families, specifically Leo Baeck, Ruth and Hermann Berlak, and Marianne and A. Stanley Dreyfus. Most prominent is the documentation on Leo Baeck's life; other salient themes include the World War I experience of Hermann Berlak and the Dreyfuses' involvement in preserving the memory of Leo Baeck's life and teachings. The collection includes extensive correspondence; a large accumulation of articles, especially those focused on Leo Baeck; a smaller amount of personal papers, manuscripts, drafts and notes; and a few photographs and slides.

Dates: 1771-2011; Majority of material found in 1914-1956

Leonore Schwarz Neumaier Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 6421
Abstract

This collection contains materials about the personal and professional life of opera singer Leonore Schwarz Neumaier (1889-1942), including programs, posters, and correspondence.

Dates: 1909-2002; Majority of material found within 1912-1937

Leopold Levi Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 7041
Abstract

Leopold Levi was a merchant in Stuttgart. Most of the material in this collection gives information on his activities for Jewish organizations and the Jewish Community in Wuerttemberg. Levi was a member of the Oberrat der Israelitischen Religionsgemeinschaft Wuerttembergs (from 1919 to 1940) and of the Israelitisches Gemeindevorsteheramt. He also was an Oberkirchenvorsteher in the Oberkirchenbehoerde and he was active in the Chewra Kadischa. Furthermore he assisted the Juedische Nothilfe. During the years 1941-1943 he succeeded to immigrate to the United States. He died in 1968 in New York.

Dates: 1833-1986; Majority of material found within 1933-1952

Levy - Mayer - Scherman family collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25634
Abstract

This collection documents the survival of Alfred, Meta, Marlyse and Theo Levy during the Nazi regime in the Saar, Luxembourg and France. Amongst others it encompasses the voluminous correspondence between the Levy and the Scherman families during World War II and their restitution papers. The register of surviving members of the Jewish community in Saarbrücken after 1945 is one of the remarkable documents in this collection.

Dates: 1928–1981; Majority of material found within 1940-1971

Lila and Leo Marx Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25690
Abstract

The Lila and Leo Marx Collection contains the papers of this couple, with documentation about their early lives in Germany and the effects on their lives by Nazi persecution, their subsequent emigration, and the fates of their family members. Much of the collection focuses on their restitution claims and financial situation. The collection consists of a large amount of restitution correspondence; family correspondence; official, educational, and employment documents; a chronology and narrative of the lives of Lila and Leo Marx and their families; and a few photographic postcards.

Dates: 1901-2012; Majority of material found within 1956-1982

Lili Wronker Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25255 / MF 737
Abstract

This collection houses the papers of members of the Wronker family, including Max and Irma Wronker, Hermann and Alice (née Wronker) Engel, and Erich and Lili Cassel-Wronker. In addition, it holds a few items on the Warenhaus Hermann Wronker AG of Frankfurt am Main. Included in the collection are official papers, correspondence, postcards, guestbooks and other albums, photographs, offprints, and objects.

Dates: 1843-2002

Lissberger Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25897
Abstract

The Lissberger Family Collection documents the lives and losses of members of the Lissberger family of Creglingen and related Grünfeld family. The collection centers around the experiences of Moritz, Bettina (née Grünfeld), and Joseph Lissberger, but also contains information on Grünfeld family members. Included in this collection are official documents and family papers, family correspondence, restitution and legal correspondence, many newspaper articles, and material related to the history of Jews in Creglingen and Baden-Württemberg.

Dates: 1916-2013; Majority of material found within 1938-1965; Majority of material found within 1988-2003

Loewenstein-Kahn Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25423
Abstract

This collection contains materials relating to Erna Loewenstein née Kahn and her family. It includes correspondence between family members in New York and Bingen am Rhein, Germany during World War Two, as well as various items such as passports, photographs, and other documents.

Dates: 1912-2009; Majority of material found within 1939-1940

Ludwig and Bella Liebmann Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 11967
Abstract

This collection documents Ludwig Liebmann and Bella Liebmann née Katzauer and their family.

Dates: 1917-1993

Ludwig Levy Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 10030
Abstract

This collection covers the history of the Levy family of Hamburg, Germany from 1837 through 1942. The bulk of the material relates to Ludwig Levy and his wife Ida née Winterberg, particularly the wealth that they lost during Nazi persecution and their unsuccessful efforts to emigrate. Materials include business, banking, investment, tax, and inheritance records as well as vital records, emigration papers, clippings, official notices to Jewish residents in Hamburg, limited correspondence, and a few photographs.

Dates: 1837-1942