Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
Found in 271 Collections and/or Records:
Abraham Klausner Papers
This collection contains the personal and professional papers of Abraham Klausner, including articles written by and about him, research materials for his articles and his memoir, correspondence, and Klausner’s personal and military records. These materials reflect his active involvement with Displaced Persons and the DP Camps in Postwar Germany as well as his sometimes complicated relationships with the Joint Distribution Committee and the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA). The collection also contains issues of Fun Letstn Hurbn (From the Last Extermination).
Abraham Sutzkever-Szmerke Kaczerginski Vilna Ghetto Collection
The bulk of the collection contains documents generated by the Judenrats of the Vilna ghetto during Nazi occupation. The Yiddish poets Abraham Sutzkever and Szmerke Kaczerginski, interned in the Vilna Ghetto before escaping to the forests as partisans, were instrumental in the removal of this collection from Vilna and its subsequent transfer to the YIVO Archives in New York. The collection is therefore named in their honor.
Adolf Eichmann Trial Collection
The collection contains comprehensive unofficial transcripts for the proceedings of the trial State of Israel vs. Adolf Eichmann including the verdict and appeal sessions before the Supreme Court. Series II contains select documentary evidence. The vast majority of the transcripts are in German, a small amount are in French or English and some sessions are also available in Hebrew.
Adolf Loebel Collection
The Adolf Loebel Collection primarily documents the events of the Holocaust in Baden-Württemberg with an extensive amount of newspaper clippings. To a smaller extent it shows a few of the experiences of Adolf Loebel, head of the Jewish community in Heidelberg. In addition to the many newspaper clippings the collection contains circular letters and announcements, some correspondence, a list of Jews in Baden from 1940 and a few photographs.
Albert A. Hutler Papers
This collection consists of records Albert Hutler received and generated in mid-1945 during his service as chief of the Displaced Persons Office of Detachment F1E2, 2nd ECA Regiment, 7th U.S. Army Military Government, in Mannheim, Germany. Materials, mostly photocopies, include reports and memoranda on the status of Displaced Persons in Southwestern Germany and a few brief survivor accounts.
Albert F. Hirsch Collection
This collection contains documents related to Albert Friedrich Hirsch, his family and the Philanthropin School in Frankfurt am Main, at which Hirsch was headmaster. Prominent topics are emigration and the school's fate under the Nazi regime as well as the attempts of its former pupils and faculty to stay in touch after 1945. The papers in this collection include some original material from the late 19th century through World War I and the "Third Reich" as well as several typescripts from the 1950s and 1960s that are related to a memorial book, which was eventually published in 1964.
Alfred and Elisabeth Mayer Family Collection
The Alfred and Elisabeth Mayer Family largely centers on the emigration from Germany of the extended members of this family as well as documentation of Alfred and Elisabeth Mayer and information on the family's genealogy and individual experiences. The collection includes a large quantity of family correspondence; family trees; articles; official, military, and educational documents; some financial and legal documentation and correspondence; and photographs.
Alfred Grünspecht Family Collection
The Alfred Grünspecht Family Collection illustrates Alfred Grünspecht’s interest in documenting the horrors of World War II by way of translating the works of other authors as well as his interest in the genealogy of his own family. The collection consists of correspondence, manuscripts, photographs, vital documents, and printed materials.
Alfred Philippson Collection
The collection contains numerous personal papers, manuscripts and correspondence with explorers and geographers. The personal papers follow Philippson’s career as professor in Bonn and in Halle.
American Federation of Jews from Central Europe Collection
This collection consists mainly of responses to a 1944 questionnaire sent by the American Federation of Jews from Central Europe to collect information on the communal property owned by Jewish communities in Germany prior to November 1938. Materials include completed questionnaires, correspondence, lists of reporting congregations, addresses, charts of data collected, and a final report. A small amount of materials related to other functions of the Federation is also included.
Anna Erlanger Rotenberg Collection
This collection contains documents, photographs, and manuscripts by and about Anne Lisa (Anneliese) Rotenberg née Erlanger (1925, Ichenhausen, Germany - 2013, New York) and her family.
Anna Schneider Correspondence
The Anna Schneider Correspondence contains a large body of correspondence between 1939 and 1945, plus a small amount of genealogical information gathered in 1993.
Anna Sten Collection
The Anna Sten Collection documents the life of Anna Sten, a Psychotherapist in New York, who survived the Holocaust in a Romanian concentration camp. The collection contains personal and professional papers, as well as creative writings by Anna Sten. In the first folder most of the papers are correspondence and notebooks. The second folder contains essays about psychotherapy and child development and some short-stories written for the general public.
Archives of the Society for the History of Czechoslovak Jews
This collection contains the records of the Society for the History of Czechoslovak Jews, an organization founded in 1961, in New York City, by members of the Joseph Popper unit of B’nai B’rith, to foster and disseminate knowledge about the history and culture of Jews in the Czech and Slovak lands. Along with the Joseph Popper unit and, later, the Holocaust Survivors of Slovakia, the society sponsored an annual memorial service held in New York City to honor Czechoslovak Jews who perished in the Holocaust. A majority of the records are from the tenure of Rabbi Norman Patz as president (1994-2008). The materials primarily comprise correspondence, and items related to the annual memorial service, including texts of addresses, and yizkor memorial booklets. Also included are meeting minutes, letters to the membership, financial reports, writings, speeches, obituaries, clippings, photographs, and printed ephemera. The society's correspondence reflects its participation in cultural events related to Czech and Slovak Jewish history, as well as its relationship to the Jewish communities in the Czech Republic and, to a lesser extent, Slovakia; some correspondence with members contains genealogical information.
Arno Nadel Collection
Manuscripts and clippings of poetry, and of music and literary criticism; photos of artwork by Nadel; a transcript of Nadel's diaries from 1941-1942; publications about Nadel; inventory of the papers of Nadel which are held by the Jewish National and University Library, Jerusalem; and various unrelated material. Photocopies of manuscripts "Der weissagende Dionysos," vol. 1: "Mythen," 199 pages; vol. 2: "Goetter," 205 pages; "Die Mysterien. Der Gang des Eingeweihten," 171 pages. Transcript of speech by Arno Nadel attempting to present the traits of "Jewish music". Musical score; lecture by Nadel on Jewish Music (in shorthand). : Correspondence 1940-1942.
Arnold and Werner A. Stein Collection
This collection contains the personal papers of Arnold Stein (1890-1974) and Werner A. Stein (1925-2017), a Jewish German-born father and son who fled Berlin, Germany in 1939 with their immediate family, Arnold’s wife Gertrude and daughter Marianne. The family settled in Kew Gardens, Queens, New York, where
Arnold opened a printing business.
The collection includes correspondence and documentation of Arnold’s printing business in Berlin; his World War I German army service; his marriage with Gertrude Rosenthal; and the family’s emigration from Germany. Also documented are Werner’s schooling; United States army service; longtime involvement with the German-Jewish newspaper Aufbau; marriage to Helga Marcus and their lives in Great Neck, New York with their two daughters, Susan and Barbara. The collection also includes documentation on Stein, Rosenthal and Marcus genealogy and family history.
Arthur and Ottilie Bleier Collection
This collection holds the papers of Arthur and Ottilie (née Schnabl) Bleier. It primarily contains personal documents, such as educational and official papers. Prominent topics are Arthur Bleier's career as a physician and the Bleiers' internment in the Theresienstadt Concentration Camp. In addition to the textual material, the collection holds some photographic material and some artifacts from the Holocaust, i.e. yellow stars and armbands.
Arthur Bluhm Collection
This collection is composed of the papers of Arthur Bluhm, chief rabbi of Krefeld, Germany between 1928 and 1938, and rabbi of Temple B'nai Israel in Amarillo, Texas. It documents his professional life and also holds records related to the Krefeld Jewish Community and the Jews in Westphalia. In addition, the collection contains the papers of Abraham Sutro, chief rabbi of Westphalia from 1815-1869.
Arthur Prinz Collection
This collection documents the life and work of the economist Arthur Prinz. It is comprised of correspondence, documents, diaries, clippings, research notes, index cards, and books and offprints. Information on various topics, especially immigration and emigration during the 1930s, Jews and the German economy, and Marxist economics will also be found here.
Arthur Rath Collection
This collection contains the archival papers of Arthur Rath. Most of it consists of correspondence with friends and family members. Primary topics of the collection are Arthur's life in Switzerland towards the end of World War II and the decades immediately after, correspondence with friends who were also Jewish refugees from Germany after the war, and Arthur Rath's life decisions following the displacement of his family during the war.
Arthur Szyk Collection
Collection consists of advertisements, articles, books, lithographs, magazine covers, posters, and stamps that Szyk illustrated between 1931, 1941-1955. Additional items contain exhibit promotions and articles about Szyk's work. Szyk's artwork includes sartoric images of Adolf Hitler and Nazi leaders; patriotic images of President George Washington, Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins, and American ideals; depictions of Eastern European Jewry, Israel's independence, prophets, and sages; and advertisements promoting Asbestos Limited, Casco, Nescafe, North American Aviation, United States Steel, and Utah Radio Products Company. Two Time magazine covers dated from 1941 display Szyk's portraits of Secretary of Agriculture Claude Wickard and Director of Economic Affairs Hubertus J. van Mook.
Babette B. Buch Collection
The Babette B. Buch Collection documents the life, philosophies, and literary career of the writer Babette B. Buch. Included in this collection are numerous unpublished manuscripts, some personal correspondence, and a small amount of clippings and photographs.
Beigel Family Collection
The Beigel Family Collection holds materials about the Beigel family members from Berlin. The collection consists of post-war personal correspondence between the various family members and documents on restitution claims. It includes original handwritten letters and papers from the time Liane Beigel (née Bick) was in Sweden, as well as official correspondence with the United Restitution Organization after she immigrated to the United States. Also included are her husband Horst Beigel’s restitution claims against Interessengemeinschaft Farbenindustrie AG.
Bernhard Kolb Collection
This collection holds the papers of Bernhard Kolb, the business manager of the Jewish Community of Nuremberg. Among the material here are personal papers with some information on the Kolb family as well as a small amount of papers of Hans and Käte Bruck and some material on Jewish communities, especially that of Nuremberg. However, the collection is largely comprised of records from Theresienstadt and the offices of Der Stürmer, the Nazi newspaper. The collection includes official records such as lists, reports and announcements; correspondence; unpublished manuscripts; notes; and some photographs and drawings.
Betty and Morris Moser Collection
This collection consists of letters to Betty and Morris (Moritz) Moser and their daughter Lore in New York from friends and family in Germany. The primary topic is the search for emigration opportunities.
Bremen; Jewish Community Collection
The collection consists of original documents, correspondence, as well as published and other archival materials, pertaining to the city of Bremen and its Jewish community from the 18th to the 20th century.
This collection contains material on the related Kassel and Bruch (Bruck) families as well as on the immigration experiences of Fritz Kassel. Included among the collection are correspondence, manuscripts, clippings, notes, family trees, and a few publications.
Bruno Keith Collection
Manuscripts, interview tapes, photos.
Carol Davidson Baird Collection
The Carol Davidson Baird Papers contain documentation of her family history. The collection includes copies of photographs, certificates and letters of various family members since 1862. It also contains genealogical charts reaching back to the 15th century.
C.C. Aronsfeld Collection
The bulk of the collection consists of original and published writings by and about the historian and journalist C.C. Aronsfeld, touching on many aspects of German-Jewish relations.