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Refugees

 Subject
Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings

Found in 59 Collections and/or Records:

Louis Broido papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-161
Abstract This collection contains writings, minutes, financial records, correspondence, printed materials, newspaper clippings, and photographs relating to Broido's employment, investments, and Jewish and non-Jewish communal activities. It includes material regarding the department store, Gimbel Bros. (1934-1966), where he was associated with Bernard Gimbel, and where he served as Executive Vice President and as Chairman of the Advisory Committee (1953-1961); Temple Emanu-El (1957-1970), where he served as trustee and opposed secession from the Union of American Hebrew Congregations; the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (1944-1976), serving as President from 1965-1975, and where he was involved in the investigation of the Charles Jordan murder in Prague (1967); the Union of American Hebrew Congregations (1953-1972) where he served as trustee and played an active role in financial matters and relations with the Hebrew Union College; the United Jewish Appeal (1941-1972) where he served as President (1951-1952), trustee and member of the Board of Directors; the New York City Community College (1956-1972) where he served as trustee; and the Department of Commerce and Industrial Development of the City of New York (1961-1971) where he served as Commissioner (1961-1966).
Dates: undated, 1922-1976

Louis L. Krauss journal

 Collection
Identifier: P-783
Abstract A journal maintained from January 1919 through June 1919 by Louis L. Krauss, a representative of the Jewish Welfare Board, while in Paris. Entries include information about Krauss' work, discussion of individual cases, plus inserts regarding events attended and individuals seeking the Board's help.
Dates: 1919

Marion E. Kenworthy Papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-511
Abstract Marion E Kenworthy (1891-1980) was one of the founders of the Non-Sectarian Committee for German Refugee Children. Starting in 1938, they organized a lobbying effort to have the U.S. Congress allow for the migration of refugee children from Europe to the United States. This collection documents, through correspondence, depositions, meeting minutes, and more, the group’s activities. Of particular importance is the congressional testimony relating to the 1939 Wagner-Rogers bill.
Dates: undated, 1938-1952

National Conference on Soviet Jewry, records

 Collection
Identifier: I-181 and I-181A
Abstract This collection contains the records of the National Conference on Soviet Jewry, the largest and most influential American Jewish organization created to coordinate efforts on behalf of Soviet Jewry; the NCSJ containes its work today, under the name, the National Coalition Supporting Eurasian Jewry (NCSEJ).

The bulk of the collection covers the NCSJ's activities from the early 1970s, through late 1980s. It includes meetings minutes, memoranda, correspondence, newsletters and publications of the NCSJ and its precursor organizations (primarily the American Jewish Committee on Soviet Jewry, 1964-1971), and the individual files maintained on Refusenik, prisoners of conscience, and Jewish émigrés.

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The collection also includes a considerable number of reports from the visits to the USSR by Soviet Jewry Movement activists and other. A significant part of the collection is represented by the audio recordings that include 13-minute programs on the WEVD Radio dedicated to Soviet Jewry topics and recordings of phone conversations with Refuseniks. There is also a considerable number of photographs, posters and publications, several film strips and VHS tapes.
Dates: undated, 1949, 1954, 1956, 1958-1993

National Jewish Welfare Board, Records

 Collection
Identifier: I-337
Abstract The collection documents the National Jewish Welfare Board's (JWB) evolution from an organization founded in 1917 to provide support for soldiers in times of war to an agency involved in all aspects of Jewish life both in the United States and abroad. In 1990 JWB recreated itself as the Jewish Community Centers Association of North America.
Dates: undated, 1889-1995 (bulk 1917-1990)

National Refugee Service Records

 Collection
Identifier: RG 248
Abstract This collection contains the records of the National Refugee Service (NRS), a refugee aid organization founded in New York City in 1939 to assist refugees fleeing Nazi persecution. A successor agency to the National Coordinating Committee for Aid to Refugees and Emigrants Coming from Germany, which had operated as an umbrella organization of refugee aid agencies since 1934, the NRS remained in existence until 1946, when it was merged into the new organization United Service for New Americans. The NRS program encompassed a migration service that assisted with affidavits, visas and other legal aspects of the immigration process; temporary relief and casework services; job placement, retraining, and small business loans; help in resettling to localities throughout the country; and social and cultural adjustment to American life. The records include minutes, correspondence, memoranda, and reports related to the board of directors; the executive director; lay advisory committees; the various departments within the NRS; special committees assisting professional groups, including physicians, musicians, rabbis, social workers, and scholars; and cooperating refugee-assistance committees and organizations across the United States.
Dates: 1934-1952; Majority of material found within 1939-1946

Noah Benevolent Society Records

 Collection
Identifier: I-186
Abstract The Noah Benevolent Society (1849-1980), named after Judge Mordechai M. Noah, provided mutual relief for members, their wives and orphans, and helped with internment costs and burial plots at Cypress Hills and other New York cemeteries. The Society also provided relief for Jews in Morocco and Jerusalem and donated funds to several Jewish charitable institutions as well as the Association for the Advancement of Blind Children. The Society disbanded in 1980 due to dwindling membership. The records of the Noah Benevolent Society contain membership minutes and books, donation and financial records, constitutions and by-laws, newsletters, memorabilia, and photographs.
Dates: undated, 1852-1979

Nothmann Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 10492
Abstract This collection consists of documents of the Nothmann family, including personal correspondence and official documents, such as passports and certificates. A lot of the material is about or from the time of the Nazi persecution.
Dates: 1892-1951; Majority of material found within 1938-1948

Pamela B. Cohen Papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-897
Abstract Pamela B. Cohen Papers document activities of the prominent activist of the American Soviet Jewry Movement. Pamela B. Cohen began her activity through the independent grass roots council, Chicago Action for Soviet Jewry (CASJ) and in 1978, served with Marillyn Tallman as co-chair until 1986, when she became the national president of the Washington-based Union of Councils for Soviet Jews (UCSJ). She served in that capacity for 10 years. The Pamela B. Cohen papers include materials from the late 1960s through 2009, and the bulk of the collection is dated 1970s-1980s. The documents include correspondence, notes, memoranda, publications, news clippings, photographs, ephemera, audio and video recordings and 3-D objects.
Dates: undated, 1968-2005, 2007, 2009; Majority of material found within 1978 - 1996

Personal Papers and Special Collections of Influential Executives, Volunteers, and Individuals Associated with Hadassah in the Hadassah Archives

 Collection
Identifier: I-578/RG 7
Abstract This record group contains personal papers and special collections documenting individuals, both Hadassah members and non-Hadassah members, who were important to Hadassah. Much of the material forming the collections in this record group came from the administrative files of the national office of Hadassah, though some of the material was donated to Hadassah. Key individuals represented within this record group include Hadassah national board members Anna Tulin Elyachar, Bertha S. Schoolman, and Denise Tourover Ezekiel, as well as Jesse Zel Lurie who served as the first professional editor of Hadassah Magazine (originally Hadassah Newsletter) from 1947 to 1980.
Dates: 1910-2003; Majority of material found within 1930 - 1980

Rabbi H. David Rutman collection

 Collection
Identifier: P-779
Abstract Contains research and writing compiled by Rabbi H. David Rutman, primarily regarding the Jewish agriculture movement and New York Jewish agricultural colonies in the mid 1800s and early 1900s. Also includes Rutman's Master's dissertation for New York University, titled, "Ludwig Lewisohn: His Writing of Religious Interest." Agriculture material consists of copies of mortgages and listings of landowners from Sholam colony; and newsclippings and articles regarding the Jewish Agricultural Society, the beginnings of the agricultural movement in America, Ellenville colony, Sholam colony, and boardinghouses in the Catskills in the early years.
Dates: undated, 1912, 1959,1983

Ralph Dalin Papers

 Collection — Consolidated Box P30, Folder: P-1022
Identifier: P-1022
Abstract Papers of an American Soviet Jewry movement activist Rabbi Ralph A. Dalin that contain correspondence with Refuseniks in the Soviet Union, sermons, and reports on trips to the USSR, publications and newspaper clippings related to his activism.
Dates: 1976-1989

Records of Action for Soviet Jewry

 Collection
Identifier: I-487
Abstract The collection contains the records of the ASJ, an organization active in the Boston area, which survives today as Action for Post-Soviet Jewry, as well as those of two other organizations closely related to ASJ: the New England Student Struggle for Soviet Jewry and the Soviet Jewry Legal Advocacy Center. The bulk of the collection is from the decade starting in the late 1970s through the late 1980s. The collection includes large databases on Refuseniks, prisoners of conscience and Jewish émigrés. Along with the database spreadsheet forms there are a large number of individual files. Among these files are materials related to Soviet Jewish refugees in Italy from the time of the Ladispoli crisis of the late 1980s. The collection also includes a substantial number of reports from visits to the USSR by ASJ activists and other travelers cooperating with the Soviet Jewry Movement as well as a considerable number of photographs, posters and publications.
Dates: undated, 1943, 1964-1994

Records of the Baron de Hirsch Fund

 Collection
Identifier: I-80
Abstract The Baron de Hirsch Fund Records document the organization's involvement in the planning of agricultural communities across the United States and to some extent in South America; the founding and administrative dealings of agricultural and trade schools; the establishment of the Jewish Agricultural Society; and the business records of the Fund itself. In addition, the collection documents the protection offered to immigrants through port work, relief, temporary aid, promotion of suburban industrial enterprises and removal from urban centers through the Industrial Removal Office, land settlement, agricultural training, and trade and general education. In this respect, the collection is of major interest for Jewish genealogists as it documents a number of individual immigrants. In addition, the collection contains documentation on the administration and organization of the fund, documentation on Jewish farming colonies such as the Jewish Agricultural Society, Woodbine Colony and Agricultural School, and documentation on the Baron de Hirsch Trade School. In addition, the collection contains blueprints and photographs of facilities.
Dates: undated, 1819-1991; Majority of material found within 1882 - 1935

Records of the Bay Area Council for Soviet Jews and Bay Area Council for Jewish Rescue and Renewal

 Collection
Identifier: I-505, I-505A
Abstract The collection documents the activities of a human rights non-government organization on behalf of Soviet Jewry and Jews in the Former Soviet Union. Organized by Harold Light in San Francisco in 1967, the group worked to bring the Soviet Jewry issue to national and international attention. The collection contains correspondence, minutes, case files, publications, newspaper clippings, card files of Refuseniks, subject files, audio/visual materials, and information on other Soviet Jewry and interreligious organizations. Also included are materials relating to Soviet Jewish emigration, Cold War relations, the collapse of the Soviet Union, and human rights conditions in Russia and the former Soviet republics.
Dates: undated, 1952, 1954-1999

Records of the Industrial Removal Office

 Collection
Identifier: I-91
Abstract The Industrial Removal Office was created as part of the Jewish Agricultural Society to assimilate immigrants into American society, both economically and culturally. It worked to employ all Jewish immigrants. The collection contains administrative and financial records, immigrants' removal records, and correspondence. A database has been constructed to search for persons removed by the Industrial Removal Office.
Dates: undated, 1899-1922

Records of the National Council of Jewish Women, Birmingham Section

 Collection — Consolidated Box I8, Folder: Collection I-475
Identifier: I-475
Abstract The records consist of a 1946 bulletin from Temple Emanu-El (Birmingham, Ala.), memorandum from the national NCJW Social Legislation Committee concerning health legislation (1947), Section meeting minutes for May 1949, correspondence lobbying for the Displaced Persons Act, information on voting in the 1950 and 1952 Democratic primaries, a newsletter issued by the United Fund of Birmingham for its 1956 campaign drive, and a 1977 survey of the needs of the older Jewish population of Birmingham.
Dates: undated, 1946-1947, 1949-1952, 1955, 1977

Records of the National Refugee Service

 Collection
Identifier: I-92
Abstract This collection contains records of the National Refugee Service (NRS), including committee files, correspondence, publications, and project files organized by partner organization and location. A few case files and a small amount of materials on predecessor organizations, notably the National Coordinating Committee, are also included. The records cover the major functions of the NRS related to migration, resettlement, retraining, employment, and social adjustment of refugees. Other subjects of note include affidavits, deportations, internees and enemy aliens in the United States, the refugee ship SS St. Louis, and the Fort Ontario refugee shelter in Oswego, New York. A few pieces of correspondence with Secretary of State Dean Acheson and Attorney General Francis Biddle are included.
Dates: undated, 1935-1947, 1953

Records of the OZE-TOZ (Obshchestvo Zdravookhraneniia Evreev/ Society for the Protection of the Health of the Jews)

 Collection
Identifier: RG 53
Abstract Established in 1912 in St. Petersburg by a group of Jewish doctors, lawyers and prominent public figures, OZE sought to create an all-Russian Jewish welfare system with the goal of promoting the study and knowledge of medical and sanitary practices, detecting and curing diseases among Jews, preventing epidemics, and creating living conditions conducive to the normal physical and mental development of Jewish children. TOZ, established in Poland in 1921, remained closely associated with OZE and shared the same program of activities. Because of World War I and its disarraying consequences, especially in the eastern regions of the Polish state, TOZ concentrated its relief efforts primarily on battling contagious diseases and epidemics caused by poverty, malnourishment and the deplorable sanitary conditions of the Jewish population. The collection is of mixed provenance and fragmentary nature, and consists of miscellaneous materials that relate to the activities of OZE and TOZ in Eastern Europe, and to some extent, in Western Europe.
Dates: 1904-1940

Robert Weltsch Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 7185 / MF 491
Abstract Correspondence with family members and with other individuals; correspondence of Weltsch as editor of Juedische Rundschau and Juedische Welt-Rundschau; correspondence on Zionist affairs; personal papers of Robert Weltsch and other family members; manuscripts and other material on Jewish life in Prague; speeches, reports, essays, and journalistic dispatches by Weltsch on Zionism, Jewish-Arab and Jewish-German relations, displaced persons in post-World War II Europe, the Nuremberg war crimes trials, and the founding of the State of Israel; clippings of articles by Weltsch; clippings and manuscripts by others on Zionism and Jewish affairs; records of the Komitee fuer den Osten concerning the situation of East European Jewry at the end of World War I; records of the Verband Juedischer Studentenvereine in Deutschland from the 1920s and of the Jewish student fraternity Bar Kochba, Prague, including reports, minutes, membership lists, and correspondence of its Israeli alumni association; correspondence and minutes of Brith Shalom, an organization which favored Arab-Jewish cooperation and a bi-national state, and Ha-Poel Ha-Zair, a Zionist labor party; correspondence of the Zionistische Vereinigung fuer Deutschland and of Aliyah Hadasha, a German-Jewish party in the Yishuv; papers of Solomon Adler-Rudel; correspondence and other material on the Evian Conference and on emigration from Nazi Germany in the 1930s and from German-occupied Europe during World War II, including reports of the Movement for the Care of Children from Germany; research notes and manuscripts by Adler Rudel for his biography of Baron Maurice de Hirsch; manuscript: "Max Brod and his Age". 1969; lecture on the development of Jewish consciousness in a western, educated, assimilated man.
Dates: 1770-1997

Sanford A. Gradinger Papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-880
Abstract Papers of Sanford A. Gradinger cover the period from mid-1980’s to mid-1990’s and document the activities of the Rochester, NY businessman on behalf of Soviet Jews, his involvement with the Andrei Sakharov International Committee and his travels to Washington D. C., Soviet Union and Former Soviet Union. Materials include photographs, videocassette, CDrs, correspondence, clippings, ephemera and travel memorabilia..
Dates: undated, 1980-1988, 1993-1995, 2005, 2007, 2009-2010; Majority of material found within 1993 - 1995

Selig Adler Papers

 Collection — Consolidated Box P13, Folder: Collection P-479
Identifier: P-479
Abstract Contains articles and published material by Adler of a Jewish and non-Jewish nature.
Dates: 1934, 1940, 1956, 1963, 1968-1969, 1976

Shaul Osadchey Papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-882
Abstract Papers of Rabbi Shaul Osadchey cover the period from the late 1960’s to the early 1990’s and reflect the activities of Houston Action for Soviet Jewry, co-founded by Rabbi Osadchey. The collection also contains print and near print materials from various American and European Soviet Jewry Movement organizations, and background information on the situation of Jews in the Soviet Union during that period. The documents include correspondence, memos, minutes, publications, news clippings, pins, stickers and a kippah.
Dates: undated, 1968-1978, 1980-1981, 1983-1992; Majority of material found within 1970 - 1988; undated, 1968-1978, 1980-1981, 1983-1992; Majority of material found within 1970 - 1988

Si Frumkin (1930-2009) Papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-871
Abstract The Si Frumkin Papers include Mr. Frumkin’s articles on the subject of the Holocaust, Israel, the Soviet Union and Soviet Jews from the mid- and the late 1980’s, and a video interview with him and video recordings of several television programs related to the topic of the Soviet Jewry. The documents include articles, news clippings and video recordings.
Dates: undated, 1985, 1988-1989; Majority of material found within 1988 - 1989

Papers of the Solis-Cohen Family

 Collection
Identifier: P-642
Abstract Family papers of the American Sephardic Solis and Cohen families, composed of materials created through circa. 19860, through to the 1930s, with some additional materials prior to and after the time period. Contains correspondence, diaries, journals, medical papers, and eulogies of the family; materials relating to Zionist and Jewish organizations in the United States and abroad; genealogical research and correspondence of several famous Jewish personas; and artifacts, art work and other ephemera.
Dates: undated, 1808-1990

Stephen Wise papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-134
Abstract The collection has been arranged according to the following broad subject areas: personal affairs; speeches, sermons, and articles, both manuscript and published; the Free Synagogue in New York City; the Jewish Institute of Religion; American Jewish affairs; relations between the Jewish and non-Jewish communities; New York City affairs; United States affairs; the press (both Jewish and non-Jewish); world affairs; the American Jewish Congress and World Jewish Congress; refugees; Zionism; Palestine and Israel; arts and letters; and individual corrspondence of a general nature.
Dates: 1841-1978

Toni and Gustav Stolper Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 7212 / MF 481
Abstract The Toni Stolper and Gustav Stolper Collection attests to the Stolpers' rich political and intellectual work in Germany and the United States. The materials provide an intimate account of Toni Stolper's life and career. In many respects, they complement the papers of her husband Gustav Stolper, which are located at the Bundesarchiv in Koblenz, Germany.
Dates: 1866-1990

Union of Councils for Soviet Jews, records

 Collection
Identifier: I-410, I-410A
Abstract The collection contains the records of the Union of Councils for Soviet Jews (UCSJ), an umbrella institution for approximately 50 grassroots organizations active in the movement to free Soviet Jews. The records documenting the UCSJ's operations, programs, and campaigns relate primarily to the 1980's, when the rescue movement reached its pinnacle of success and international attention, and to the 1990's, reflecting UCSJ's work on behalf of human rights after the collapse of the Soviet Union. The records include materials of UCSJ individual councils; materials by the Soviet Jewry Legal Advocacy Center, an affiliate of UCSJ; and a large volume of case files of Prisoners of Conscience, Refuseniks, and Soviet Jews who were allowed to emigrate to the West.
Dates: undated, 1948, 1954, 1963-1965, 1967-2000

Washington Committee for Soviet Jewry Records

 Collection
Identifier: I-540
Abstract The collection contains records of the Washington Committee for Soviet Jewry, a grassroots volunteer membership organization that was founded in 1968 and existed until 2001. The organization was renamed the Greater Washington Committee for Post-Soviet Jewry after the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991. The Committee worked to raise awareness of the plight of Soviet Jewry in the United States and supported Jewish communities on the U.S.S.R. territories, during the rule of the Soviet regime and after its collapse. The records cover the period from the mid-1960s through 2001, and the bulk of the collection is dated 1970s-1980s. The documents include correspondence, memoranda, publications, news clippings, photographs, slides, ephemera, audio and video recordings and 3-D objects. Originally the collection was titled Papers of Carolyn W. Sanger, *P-870 by the name of the Committee's last president.
Dates: undated, 1962, 1965-2001; Majority of material found within 1970 - 1990