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Essen (Germany)

 Subject
Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings

Found in 14 Collections and/or Records:

Arthur Rath Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25762
Abstract This collection contains the archival papers of Arthur Rath. Most of it consists of correspondence with friends and family members. Primary topics of the collection are Arthur's life in Switzerland towards the end of World War II and the decades immediately after, correspondence with friends who were also Jewish refugees from Germany after the war, and Arthur Rath's life decisions following the displacement of his family during the war.
Dates: 1908-2013; Majority of material found within 1942-1960

Elkisch Neumann Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 6569
Abstract The Elkisch Neumann Collection consists of materials pertaining to the members of the Elkisch Neumann family and relate to their efforts to collect compensation from the German government after World War II. Included in the collection are land registers, bail bonds, tax returns, business contracts, account books, and other business documents. However the bulk of materials consists of correspondence with lawyers regarding compensations for Louise Elkisch, née Neumann, Dina Neumann, Ludwig Neumann, and Recha Müller, née Neumann.
Dates: 1904-1966

Hirschland Bank and Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25638
Abstract The Hirschland Bank and Family Collection contains the family papers and banking records of the Hirschland banking firm established by Simon Hirschland in Essen. Family papers pertain to members of the Hirschland, Grünebaum, Neumann and other families, with an emphasis on family members' emigration and role in the family firm. Banking records focus on the history of the family firm from the 1930s through the 1960s, including records of successor financial firms. The collection includes prolific correspondence, banking files and financial records, family papers, official documents, photographs and photo albums, contracts, and other papers.
Dates: 1819-1999; Majority of material found within 1925-1970

John H. Richter Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 1683 / MF 534
Abstract This collection contains genealogical files from John Henry Richter's estate, including various family histories and genealogies.
Dates: 1904-1994

Kaete Rindskopf Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25317
Abstract This collection encompasses papers of members of the extended Rindskopf family, including Lori Berliner. Documentation of the family history, significant events such as marriages and deaths, and their interrelation through correspondence is present. The collection holds official documents, correspondence, genealogical material and celebratory poems, among other material.
Dates: 1921-1993

Ludwig Neumann Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 6374
Abstract The collection contains primarily documents relating to Ludwig Neumann's attempts to emigrate to a variety of countries, as well as other professional and personal correspondence.
Dates: 1909-1964

Marianne Steinberg Ostrand Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25745
Abstract The Marianne Steinberg Ostrand Collection documents the education, emigration, and early professional life of the physician Marianne Steinberg Ostrand as well as the lives of members of her family, especially her husband, engineer Arnold Ostrand, and her mother and siblings, with much documentation of the emigration or attempted emigration from Germany of her family members. About half the collection is correspondence. In addition it contains many educational certificates, official documents, diaries, notebooks, notes, and a friendship album, travel memorabilia, and newspaper clippings and articles.
Dates: 1926-1990

Max Stern Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 3161
Abstract The collection contains items pertaining to Max Stern's work in the iron and steel industries and documentation of the history of his company M. Stern AG. Included is a curriculum vitae by Max Stern describing his work in the industry from 1908 to the 1940s; list of patents held by Stern; business contracts; correspondence pertaining to the activities of Max Stern and M. Stern AG; and essays by Stern about the history of his company M. Stern AG.
Dates: 1922-1966

"Meine letzten Jahre in Deutschland"

 Collection
Identifier: ME 287b
Abstract In this memorial article, Herzfeld offers deep insight into the problems and the predicament for German Jews from 1933 to 1938. He especially describes the creation and the work of “Reichsvertretung der deutschen Juden”, the new organization for German Jews, facing the Nazi-regime.
Dates: 1919-1973

Moritz Schweizer Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 11789
Abstract The collection contains documentation of the life of Moritz Schweizer, particularly his persecution during World War II. Included in the collection is a diary excerpt listing concentration camp victims he buried after his liberation; correspondence; documents pertaining to his emigration from Germany to Amsterdam; documents pertaining to his internment in Westerbork and Bergen-Belsen; information kept by Schweizer on children in the orphanage at Bergen-Belsen; and letters of sympathy to his wife after his death.
Dates: undated, 1939-1988

Ogutsch and Katz Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25578
Abstract This collection contains official certificates documenting the lives of four family members of the Ogutsch-Katz family. Also included are report cards, clippings, correspondence, and obituaries, as well as many photographs.
Dates: 1893-1988; Majority of material found within 1941-1975

Oscar Meyer Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25056
Abstract This collection documents the experience of the Meyer family with a focus on the years from 1933 to 1943. Oscar Meyer was a successful businessman in Essen, Germany. Unable to escape National Socialist persecution himself, he was able to send his son Gerd to England in 1939. Oscar, his wife Cypora née Bendik (alternatively Carola or Karola Bendick), and their daughter Marya (alternatively Marga) were taken to Poland on October 26, 1941 and perished outside Łódź. Gerd joined the British army to fight Germany in 1944. After the war, he moved to Israel, changed his name to Gad Meiry, and later immigrated to the United States. The collection contains photocopies of family photographs, residency records from Essen, business records, Gestapo files, the passport of Gerd Meyer, and records of the seizure of the Meyer estate used for restitution claims.
Dates: 1920-2001; Majority of material found within 1933-1943

Reichsvertretung der deutschen Juden

 Collection
Identifier: AR 221
Abstract This collection contains materials about the Reichsvertretung der deutschen Juden, a federation of Jewish organizations and regional and local Jewish communities, founded in 1933, that aimed to provide a unified voice for German Jewry in dealing with the Nazi authorities. It includes a significant amount of correspondence surrounding the formation of the Reichsvertretung, as well as articles, budgets, clippings, ephemera, leaflets, minutes, reports, and statistics.
Dates: 1933-1963; Majority of material found within 1933-1934

Wilhelm Buchheim Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 2078 / MF 687
Abstract The collection contains various personal documents of Wilhelm Buchheim and numerous lectures he gave in English and German. Lectures in folder 2 include English language (held in London) "Does Anti-Semitism Affect the Character of the Jews?" and "Education in Germany" . Germany language lectures include "Das Jüdische Kind und seine Umwelt" "Apologetische Fragen im Religionsunterricht" "Die Neuordnung der Lehrerbildung." Folder 3 contains clippings, often on pedagogical topics, with some articles by Buchheim, others by Gustav Krojanker. The Jewish newspapers include "Gemeindeblatt Essen", "Jüdische Schulzeitung" and "Blätter fuer Erziehung und Unterricht."
Dates: 1902-1956