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Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings

Found in 7 Collections and/or Records:

Arthur Abelmann Collection

Identifier: AR 25372

This collection documents the life of pharmacist and entrepreneur Arthur Abelmann. It contains materials about his personal and professional life, including his service in World War I. The bulk of the material concerns Chemiewerk, the pharmaceutical firm he founded in 1920 and cultivated for 13 years. In 1933, Abelmann was forced to resign his leading position and then to sell the company in one of the earliest cases of "Aryanization."

Dates: 1888-1950, 1997-2000s; Majority of material found within 1920-1934

Emanuel Fraenkel Family Collection

Identifier: AR 6455

This collection holds the papers of Emmanuel Fraenkel and his wife, Thea Fraenkel. Emmanuel Fraenkel was a textile factory owner in Neustadt, Germany (now Prudnik, Poland). Due to the politics of Aryanization Fraenkel lost his property and fled with his wife to England, where he was granted citizenship. The collection documents the Fraenkel family effort for restitution by Ernst Fraenkel (son) and his widow.

Dates: 1901-1969

Hans Heller Collection

Identifier: AR 25858

The Hans Heller Collection contains papers of the businessman and author John (Hans) Heller, originally from Vienna. The collection focuses on his creative writing, such as novels, poems, plays, essays, and his memoirs, as well as on files related to the Heller Candy companies in Austria, England, and in the United States, including the original company’s finances and property in Austria. The collection also includes personal documents, personal correspondence, some papers of his wife, artist Helen Heller, family photographs, and other materials.

Dates: 1907-2010; Majority of material found within 1930-2007

Israel Family Collection

Identifier: AR 25140

This collection describes the history of the Israel Family of Berlin as well as their firm, the Kaufhaus N. Israel. Material on the N. Israel store includes publications, clippings, photographs, and correspondence concerning restitution for its loss. In addition, this collection also holds family papers, documents pertaining to family history, and family trees.

Dates: 1814-1996; Majority of material found within 1938-1991

Julius Simson Family Collection

Identifier: AR 11961

This collection contains documents relating to the "Aryanization" in 1935 of factory "Simson Werke" in Suhl (Thuringia), which was owned by Arthur Simson (1882-1969) and Julius Simson (1884-1953). It also includes materials about Julius Simson and the Simson family.

Dates: 1905-1980

Kaufhaus Schwarz Aryanization Records

Identifier: AR 25153

This collection concerns the "Aryanization" of the Schwarz department store (Kaufhaus Schwarz) in Salzburg, Austria. All materials are photocopies of the files found in the Salzburger Landesarchiv under Ar 037/45/97, Box 85.

Dates: 1938-1943

Martin Thurnauer Collection

Identifier: AR 10901

This collection primarily consists of correspondence, reports, and other documents concerning the confiscation ("Aryanization") in 1933 of the ceramics firm Steatit Magnesia AG (Stemag). Martin Thurnauer sat on the board of directors and was one of the main business persons in Stemag, and was pushed out of the firm by the local Nazi party. The collection also contains some personal documents.

Dates: 1933-1998; Majority of material found within 1933