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American Jewish Committee Records, Subject Files

 Collection
Identifier: RG 347.17.10
Abstract

The collection documents American Jewish Committee’s efforts to combat all forms of discrimination against the Jews in the United States. Additionally, there are materials pertaining to AJC’s work regarding other minority groups in the United States. The collection offers researchers a unique chance to see how and what was done prior to the changes in public opinion and civic and legal laws. The American Jewish Committee Records, Subject Files consists of materials created by executive offices, departments, local offices and chapters of the Committee concerning a variety of matters; foremost Jewish civil and religious rights, immigration, and the Holocaust.

Dates: 1930-1973; Majority of material found within 1941-1961

Bernard G. Richards Papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-868
Abstract

The collection contains Bernard G. Richards personal and official correspondence, papers from his involvement with the American Jewish Congress and Jewish Information Bureau, published and unpublished writings, publications collected by Richards, articles about Richards and his activities, correspondence and articles from testimonial dinners in honor of Richards, and photographs. Significant correspondents include Joseph Barondess, Louis D. Brandeis, Vladimir Jabotinsky, J.L. Magnes, Louis Marshall, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jacob H. Schiff, Philip Slomovitz, Arthur Hays Sulzberger, Morris Winchovsky, and Stephen S. Wise.

Dates: undated, 1820, 1868, 1895-1996, 1999

Collection of the Jewish War Veterans of the United States of America

 Collection
Identifier: I-32
Abstract

This collection contains the correspondence of the Anti-Nazi Boycott Committee of the Jewish War Veterans appealing for support against Nazi activities in the United States, 1933, and to assist Nazi sufferers in Europe, as well as other correspondence and printed material describing the purpose, history, and activities of the national organization and local chapters. Included is a scrapbook (1924-1930) containing newspaper clippings in English and Yiddish relating to protests against the massacres of the Jews in Romania and the riots in Palestine in 1929, as well as appeals for financial and political support on behalf of Palestine Jewry. A large portion of this collection consists of photographs depicting the work of the organization.

Dates: undated, 1923-1993, 2003

Conrad Cohn Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 6655
Abstract

This collection mostly consists of newspaper clippings, articles and other documentation on Jews in Europe and in Palestine, as well as on Zionism and Jewish history. In addition, a small amount of biographical information on Conrad Cohn is present.

Dates: 1910-1989; Majority of material found within 1926-1938

David Diamond papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-59
Abstract

This Collection contains correspondence relating to Diamond's legal and political career, during which he served as Corporation Counsel for the City of Buffalo, New York State Supreme Court Justice, and on the faculty of the University of Buffalo Law School; material on his activities in the mayoral, gubernatorial, and presidential political campaigns, 1928-1952, among which was the chairmanship of the Buffalo Volunteers for Stevenson, and on his extensive communal and philanthropic activities.

The material concerning his philanthropic activites is cprimarily concerned with the American Civil Liberties Union, the Buffalo Jewish Center, the United Jewish Fund of Buffalo, the United Jewish Appeal, the American Jewish League for Israel, the American-Israel Cultural Foundation, the American Fund for Israel Institutions, the American Friends of the Hebrew University, the State of Israel Bonds, the Independent Zionists of America, the American Zionist Council and the American Christian Palestine Committee.

Collection also includes materials from the Civic Affairs Committee of Erie County; the Children's Aid Society; the United War and Community Fund; the Emergency Committee to Save the Jewish People of Europe; anti-Nazi materials; material on civil rights and anti-discrimination legislation; the problem of church and education; speeches; general correspondence; newspaper clippings; and memorabilia.

Dates: undated, 1928-1968

Florence Mendheim Collection of Anti-Semitic Propaganda

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25441
Abstract

This collection of mainly anti-Semitic material was compiled by a Jewish librarian of German descent who infiltrated the pro-Nazi community developing in New York City in the years leading up to World War II. The bulk of the collection consists of publications and printed matter, with the notable exception of narrative reports that describe first-hand experiences and observations of Nazi-affiliated events. Document types include advertisements, event announcements, books, clippings, correspondence, magazines and newspapers, travel guides, political memorabilia, and other print ephemera.

Dates: 1917-1994; Majority of material found within 1922-1948

Papers of Philip Slomovitz

 Collection
Identifier: P-84
Abstract

Newspaper editor and publisher Philip Slomovitz was an active member of the Detroit Jewish community, and the Zionist movement. During his 40+ years as head of The Jewish News, the Detroit-based newspaper he founded, Slomovitz addressed issues of concern to the American Jewish community, and was a relentless campaigner against instances of discrimination and anti-Semitism.

Dates: undated, 1933-1966

Joseph W. Eaton Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 10028
Abstract

Joseph Eaton (born Josef Wechsler) was an American sociologist at the University of Pittsburgh and a German-Jewish immigrant who arrived in the United States as a child in 1934. The collection primarily comprises correspondence, writings, clippings, ephemera, and photocopied archival materials related to Eaton's genealogical research in the Bavarian localities of Schwabach, Nuremberg, Fürth, and Theilheim (Waigolshausen), including materials pertaining to the history of the Jewish communities in those localities, as well as specifically to Eaton's own immediate family and his ancestors of the Wechsler, Rosenbaum, and Goldschmidt families. Included are materials related to Eaton's travels to those localities in the context of programs hosting former Jewish residents and commemorating the Holocaust and the German-Jewish communities that were destroyed. A small portion of the collection pertains to Eaton's scholarly interest in the experiences of Jewish communists in East German society, including transcripts and/or audio files of two interviews he conducted with Hermann Axen, a Jewish concentration camp survivor who from the 1970s until 1989 was a member of the Politburo of the ruling Socialist Unity Party.

Dates: 1597, 1704-1894, 1944-2008; Majority of material found within 1966-2008

Lithuanian Jewish Communities Collection

 Collection
Identifier: RG 2
Abstract

The Lithuanian Jewish Communities Collection is comprised of documents relating to Jewish cultural, religious, social, political, and economic life in approximately 150 towns in Lithuania. The bulk of the collection pertains to the period between 1919 and 1926, when elements of a system of Jewish national autonomy existed within the Lithuanian state, including a Ministry of Jewish Affairs and governmentally empowered Jewish community councils. Smaller parts of the collection relate to the periods before (1860-1918) and after (1927-1940) the autonomy.

Dates: 1860-1941

Moshe Decter Papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-899
Abstract

The collection contains papers of one of the pioneers of the American Soviet Jewry Movement. Starting in the early 1960s Moshe Decter instigated broad publicity campaigns to raise global awareness about the persecution of Soviet Jews and authored hundreds of articles on the subject in a variety of publications. Mr. Decter established and directed the Jewish Minorities Research bureau, served as the executive secretary of the Conference on the Status of Soviet Jews and as a director of research at the American Jewish Congress. Moshe Decter Papers consist of materials dating from the late 1950s to the early 2000s, with the bulk of the collection dating in 1960s-1970s. The documents include articles, correspondence, transcripts, notes, memoranda, publications, news clippings, broadsides and photographs.

Dates: undated, 1958-1980, 1982, 1989-1990, 1992, 1995, 1997, 2002-2003

Papers of Paul (Pesakh) Novick (1891-1989)

 Collection
Identifier: RG 1247
Abstract

This collection contains documents of journalist and left-wing political activist Paul Novick, consisting mainly of correspondence, subject files, manuscripts, photographs, and newspaper clippings. These materials relate to Novick’s career as long-time editor of the Morning Freiheit (Morning Freedom), his important role in the worldwide Communist movement, the history of the Freiheit itself, and Jewish and general politics. These materials demonstrate Novick’s important, and changing, role in the history of Communism, as well as his career as a Yiddish journalist and author.

Dates: 1897-1991, 2006; Majority of material found within 1940-1988

Records of Century Productions

 Collection
Identifier: I-491
Abstract

Century Productions produced the one-woman show, "Hannah Senesh: Portrait of a Woman Warrior," written and directed by David Schechter and starring Lori Wilner as Senesh. The script was based on the diaries and poems of the WWII Hungarian-Jewish paratrooper Hannah Senesh, with songs and music composed and arranged by Steven Lutvak with additional music by Schecter and Elizabeth Swados. “Hannah Senesh” ran at the Cherry Hill Theater in New York City from 1984-1985 and traveled throughout the U.S. and Israel until 1987.

Dates: undated, 1983-1987

Records of the American Jewish Committee, Alphabetical Files

 Collection
Identifier: RG 347.17.12
Abstract

This collection consists of general reference files from the New York City headquarters of the American Jewish Committee (AJC). Materials originated in various AJC departments and were maintained by a Central Records office until 1962, when records retention policy was decentralized. Document types include correspondence, memoranda, reports, clippings, and published materials concerning individuals, businesses, government agencies, and other organizations related to the work of the AJC.

Dates: 1924-1981; Majority of material found within 1933-1962

Records of the American Jewish Committee Executive Offices (EXO-29), Morris Waldman Files

 Collection
Identifier: RG 347.1.29 (EXO-29)
Abstract

The collection represents the papers of Morris David Waldman (1879-1963), a rabbi, social worker and communal leader, who was appointed executive secretary of one of the main Jewish defense organizations, the American Jewish Committee (AJC), in 1928. The executive secretary had top executive function at the organization and was in charge of working out and implementing the organization’s projects and policies regarding monitoring the civil and human rights of the Jews, and intervening on behalf of the Jews both in the U.S. and abroad. In 1942, Waldman was promoted to executive vice-president, a position he held until his retirement in 1945. The Morris Waldman Files relate to all of Waldman's activities as acting executive secretary and vice-president of the AJC.

Dates: 1905-1963; Majority of material found within 1930-1945

Records of the Jewish Defense League

 Collection
Identifier: I-374
Abstract

The collection contains the records of the Jewish Defense League (JDL), a militant Zionist organization with a stated goal to protect Jews from all forms of antisemitism. The materials document the origins of the JDL, the organization's mission statement and recruitment strategies and account for its most definitive actions. The collection also reflects the League's turbulent relationship with, and its criticism of the mainstream Jewish agencies, as well as examples of criticism of the League's controversial methods from various sources. The collection prominently covers the JDL's role as a pioneer of the American Soviet Jewry movement. Materials on the 1971 World Conference of Jewish Communities are also included. The documents include the Articles of the Organization, correspondence and press releases, membership and recruitment materials, newsletters, newspaper clippings and ephemera.

Dates: undated, 1969-1974, 1985-1986

Rudolph Seiden Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 406
Abstract

The Rudolph Seiden Collection describes the life and work of Rudolph Seiden, who was a chemist and a Zionist activist. Included in this collection is personal and editorial correspondence regarding Judaism, Zionism, anti-Semitism and the proposed Jewish resettlement in Alaska in the 1930s. Unpublished manuscripts collected by Rudolph Seiden for the Foreign Authors’ Syndicate can be found in this collection as well as autographs from Max Brod, Lujo Brentano, Franz Oppenheimer, Erich Muehsam, Arthur Schnitzler and Otto Warburg.

Dates: 1840-1939; Majority of material found within 1916-1939

Shalom Schwarzbard Papers

 Collection
Identifier: RG 85
Abstract

The collection contains the papers of Shalom Schwarzbard (1886-1938), the Russian-born French Jewish watchmaker, revolutionary, writer and activist for Jewish self-defense. In May 1926 in Paris, Schwarzbard assassinated the exiled Ukrainian nationalist leader Simon Petlyura, whom he held responsible for the pogroms against the Jews in the Ukraine in 1918-1921. His trial in October 1927, at which he was acquitted, drew worldwide attention. The collection consists of correspondence, manuscripts of Shalom Schwarzbard's autobiographical writings, personal documents, clippings, and printed ephemera, as well as poems by Schwarzbard's wife Anna and others. Materials in this collection mostly relate to Shalom Schwarzbard's writings, his speaking engagements following his acquittal, and his efforts in the 1930s to organize Jewish war veterans and war victims of the First World War.

Dates: 1891, 1912-1958; Majority of material found within 1920-1937

Territorial (Vilna Archives) Collection

 Collection
Identifier: RG 33
Abstract

This collection consists of materials relating to Jewish life in countries around the world from 1778-1957. Topics include cultural and educational organizations, political parties and elections, charitable institutions, labor, and religious life.

Dates: undated, 1778-1957; Majority of material found within 1809-1942

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  • Subject: Zionism X
  • Subject: Correspondence X
  • Subject: Antisemitism X

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Repository
American Jewish Historical Society 7
YIVO Institute for Jewish Research 7
Leo Baeck Institute 4
 
Subject
Antisemitism 17
Clippings (information artifacts) 16
Zionism 16
Photographs 9
Memorandums 7