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The collection documents the National Jewish Welfare Board's (JWB) evolution from an organization founded in 1917 to provide support for soldiers in times of war to an agency involved in all aspects of Jewish life both in the United States and abroad. In 1990 JWB recreated itself as the Jewish Community Centers Association of North America.
Collection includes approximately 85,000 individual service files and 320,000 surrogate index cards collected by the BWR and the Greater New York War Records Committee on behalf of Jewish soldiers and sailors who served in World War II. The BWR also conducted surveys of Jewish doctors, dentists, farmers and refugees who served in the United States Armed Forces and compiled population studies for cities containing Jewish populations greater than 25,000, among them Trenton, N.J. and New York City. The individual service files typically provide a soldier's name, age, rank, serial number, service branch, home address, civilian occupation, next of kin, awards and casualties. These files contain supporting documentation culled from newspapers, telephone conversations, and correspondence exchanged among BWR staff and volunteers, service personnel and their families, and representatives of the United States Armed Forces.
The alphabetical master cards series serves as an abbreviated, annotated index for the more substantial individual service files of Jewish service personnel who won awards or suffered casualties during the war. The Bureau maintained correspondence files for permanent staff members including Salo Baron, Edward Burnstein, Louis Dublin, Elisha Friedman, Dr. Maurice Hexter, Rabbi Edward Israel, Samuel Kohs, Louis Kraft, Samuel Leff, Harry Lurie, Herbert Marks, Benjamin Rabinowitz, Philip Schiff, Selma Schnaper, Jerome Seidman, David Turtletaub, Frank Weil, Milton Weill, Arthur Weyne, and Joseph Zubin.
The Bureau also preserved correspondence with representatives of local war records committees, religious, and community service organizations including the United Service Organization, Jewish Community Centers, Hebrew Associations, and the National Refugee Service, as well as publishers, alumni associations, and military personnel from the offices of United States Army, Navy, and Quartermaster General's office.
It retained copies of published and printed materials including studies, lists, guides, forms, and cards. Among the vital records are charts depicting the BWR administrative hierarchy; personnel and staff records; lists of volunteers and field representatives employed throughout the United States; minutes of meetings; annual, quarterly, and special reports; budget materials; and policies and procedures implemented during the war records program.
- Administrative records 1
- Agendas (administrative records) 1
- Annual Reports 1
- Antisemitism 1
- Application Forms 1
- Aprons (main garments) 1
- Architectural drawings (visual works) 1
- Armed Forces -- Prayers and devotions 1
- Articles 1
- Arts 1
- Audiotapes 1
- Awards 1 ∧ less
- Afrikaans 1
- Hungarian 1
- Italian 1
- Latin 1
- Spanish; Castilian 1
- Adler, Cyrus, 1863-1940 1
- Altman, S. Morton 1
- American Association for Jewish Education 1
- American Jewish Historical Society 1
- B'nai B'rith 1
- Baron, Salo W. (Salo Wittmayer), 1895-1989 1
- Congregation Brother's of Israel (Long Branch, N.J.) 1
- Council of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds 1
- Dublin, Louis I. (Louis Israel), 1882-1969 1
- Ephraím, Míríam R. 1
- Friedman, Elisha M. 1
- Gittelsohn, Roland Bertram, 1910-1995 1
- Goode, Alexander D. (Alexander David), 1911-1943 1
- Hadassah, the Women's Zionist Organization of America 1
- Hexter, Maurice Beck, 1891-1990 1 ∧ less