Papers of Zemach Shabad
Scope and Content Note
Zemach Shabad Collection documents Dr. Shabad’s career as a physician in Vilna (Vilnius) and to a smaller extent his involvement in Vilna’s (Vilnius) civil and communal lives.
The larger segment of the collection consists of patient’s medical records that provide information such as patient’s name, age, address, diagnosis, and proposed treatment. Earlier records are in Russian while starting in the mid-1920s the language changes to Polish.
A much smaller segment of the collection includes travel documents and correspondence with government officials regarding travel permits, correspondence with German officials, collections of folk songs, and materials pertaining to VILBIG (Vilna Jewish Education Society/ Vilner Yidishe Bildungs Gezelshaft).
- Schabad, Z., 1864-1935 (Person)
Language of Materials
The collection is in Russian
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is closed for digitization.
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Zemach Shabad, physician, Jewish public figure, was born on February 5th , 1864 in Vilna, Russian Empire (now Vilnius, Lithuania). After receiving a medical degree from the Moscow University, Zemach Shabad practiced medicine in Moscow and other localities in Russia, before settling in Vilna in 1894.
In 1905, he was arrested for participating in anti-government activities and spent 6 months in a prison, before he was expelled from Russia. In 1907, Zemach Shabad was allowed to return to Vilna, where he opened a private medical practice.
By the end of World War II, Dr. Shabad played an important role in the life of the Vilna Jewish community. He was an active member of OZE and was chair of the Jewish Committee for the Relief of War Victims (Evreiskii Komitet Pomoshchi Zhertvam Voiny; EKOPO).
In 1925 he was one of the founding members of YIVO, while in 1927 he served on the Vilna city council and in 1928 was elected to the Polish Seim as a member of the Folkspartey.
Zemach Shabad died in Vilna on January 20, 1935.
11.1 Linear Feet
Zemach Shabad Collection documents Dr. Shabad’s career as a physician in Vilna (Vilnius) and to a smaller extent his involvement in Vilna’s (Vilnius) civil and communal lives. The collection consists of medical records, correspondence, reports, minutes, financial records, travel documents, and conference materials.
During the Nazi occupation of Vilna, in 1942, the records were looted by the Einsatzstab Rosenberg and sent to the NSDAP Institute Zur Erforschung der Judenfrage in Frankfurt-am-Main. In 1945 they were recovered by the U.S. army and returned to the YIVO in New York, via the U.S. army archival depot in Offenbach. The records arrived in New York in 1947.
- Guide to the Papers of Zemach Shabat 1907-1936 (1864-1935) RG 19
- Under Revision
- Processed by Yakov Il'ich Sklar
- © 2019
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- Description is in English.
- Processed, conserved and digitized as part of the Edward Blank YIVO Vilna Online Collections project (2015-2022)