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Buttenhausen Jewish community collection

Identifier: AR 2057

Scope and Content Note

The bulk of the collection in folder 1 deals with a 1787 letter of protection for 25 Jewish families, allowing them to settle in Buttenhausen: included are a 1919 transcript of the original document, as well as clippings about festivities at the letter’s 200th anniversary in 1987. Also included in folder 1 are an itemized dowry of Martha Hirsch, 1829 (photocopy); notes that summarize the history of the Jewish community in Buttenhausen; materials that document the years of Nazi rule; as well as clippings and publications that were issued on occasion of two memorials for Jews from Buttenhausen, erected in 1961 and 1966. Varia include circulars, correspondence, and clippings, as well as family trees pertaining to the Bernheimer, Levi, and Löwenthal families.

Folder 2: Newspaper clippings from Reutlinger General Anzeiger, December 1992, about the restoration of the former Bernheimer'sche Realschule in Buttenhausen to serve as a civic center.

Folder 3: Newspaper clippings and publications from 1998, commemorating the 60th anniversary of Kristallnacht in Buttenhausen.

Folder 4: Newspaper clippings from 2000, informing about a memorial plaque on a former detention center for Jews, known 1940-1944 as “Jüdisches Altersheim.”


  • 1829, 1919-2000

Language of Materials

This collection is in German.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:

Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011


Biographical Note

On July 7, 1787, the ruler of Buttenhausen, Philipp Friedrich von Liebenstein, signed a letter of protection for 25 Jewish families, who were allowed to settle in Buttenhausen. This ‘Judenschutzbrief’ was repeatedly celebrated as a symbol of liberalism, especially at the 200th anniversary of this document in 1987. On the other hand, 1940 to 1944 Buttenhausen was the site of a detention center, known facetiously as “Jüdisches Altersheim”, for Jews from the surrounding area before they were sent to concentration camps. Beginning in the 1960s, officials in Buttenhausen and in the state of Baden-Württemberg erected various memorials in remembrance of Jewish Holocaust victims.


4 Folders


The bulk of the collection deals with a 1787 letter of protection for 25 Jewish families, allowing them to settle in Buttenhausen. Also included is material, documenting Jewish history in and around Buttenhausen; material, documenting the persecution of Jews, 1933-1945; and clippings about the dedication of various memorials, 1961-2000.

Other Finding Aid

Also available are original German language index cards .

Separated Material

See also the doctoral thesis by Alfred Fritz, Die Geschichte und Entwicklung der Juden in Buttenhausen, Landwirtschaftliche Hochschule, Hohenheim, 1938 – available at the LBI Library, q DS 135 G4 B848 F7.

Related clippings and publications, submitted to the LBI Archives 2000-2004, have been removed to the Buttenhausen Jewish Community Clippings Collection, AR 2057 C.

Processing Information

During microfilming and consequent digitization the original order of the collection has been disrupted. This inventory describes the contained documents, as gleaned from their digital representations. in a new order.

Inventory of the Buttenhausen Jewish community collection, 1829, 1919-2000 AR 2057
© 2009
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
The inventory is in English.

Repository Details

Part of the Leo Baeck Institute Repository

15 West 16th Street
New York NY 10011 United States