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Alice Salomon Collection

Identifier: AR 3875 / MF 1044

Scope and Content Note

Professional and vital certificates, diplomas, honors, awards, and essays on feminism and social work.

Notes on her interrogation by the Gestapo in folder 2

Genealogy of the Salomon family with supporting materials in folder 5


  • 1877-1961


Language of Materials

This collection is in German, English.

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Access Information

Collection is digitized. Follow the links in the Container List to access the digitized materials.

Collection is microfilmed (MF 1044).

Readers may access the collection by visiting the Lillian Goldman Reading Room at the Center for Jewish History. We recommend reserving the collection in advance; please visit the LBI Online Catalog and click on the "Request" button.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:

Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011


Biographical Note

Alice Salomon earned her doctor diploma (Dr. phil.) as early as 1906 with a dissertation on unequal pay for equal jobs for men and women (‘Die Ursachen der ungleichen Entlohnung von Maenner und Frauenarbeit’). She received an honorary doctorate in medicine in 1932 on occasion of her 60th birthday. At the time she was given by the Prussian government a silver medal for her services in social welfare, and the Wohlfahrtsschule Pestalozzi-Froebelhaus was renamed “Alice Salomon-Schule".

Alice Salomon had been born Jewish of Jewish parents. She converted to the Lutheran church in 1914. When she returned from a trip to the United States to Germany in the spring of 1937 she was called for a lengthy interrogation by the Gestapo and was ordered to leave Germany within three weeks. She emigrated to England where she received her immigration visa to the United states (according to her passport). Her arrival in the USA was noted in the Herald Tribune and the New York Times. She received honors in the USA in 1939 and in 1942.

A collection of family data was started by Alice Salomon in 1933. A letter by a friend gives details about the Potocki family; Anna Potocka was Alice Salomon’s mother.


0.25 Linear Feet


Professional and vital certificates, diplomas, honors, awards, and essays on feminism and social work.


  1. I. Personal Documents
  2. II. Lectures
  3. III. Family trees and genealogical material

Other Finding Aid

4-page inventory.


Collection is available on 1 reel of microfilm (MF 1044).

Separated Material

Manuscript of Salomon's autobiography, entitled "Character Is Destiny," written after her emigration to the United States, removed to the LBI Memoir Collection (ME 810).

Photographs removed to the LBI Photograph Collection.

Guide to the Alice Salomon Collection, 1877-1961  AR 3875 / MF 1044
Processed by LBI Staff
© 2009
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Description is in English.

Repository Details

Part of the Leo Baeck Institute Repository

15 West 16th Street
New York NY 10011 United States