Augusta and Emil Mane Collection
Scope and Content Note
This collection contains personal papers of Augusta and Emil Mane. The materials mainly reflect their experience emigrating from their home in Philippsburg, Germany, through official emigration documents and personal correspondence. Some restitution material, a family tree, recipes for baking, and materials related to other Jews from Philippsburg are also included.
The correspondence consists mainly of handwritten letters in German sent to Augusta and Emil Mane from family members between 1938 and 1945, with a few letters from later decades. Correspondents include Simon and Henriette Holz, Hans Faber (Augusta’s brother), Hilde Springer, Alfred and Gustav Levy (uncles), Paula Kaufmann, Bertha Herz, and Johanna Löb (a neighbor). The emigration materials for Augusta Mane include a few letters, her passport, a notebook for learning English, an address book, a few notes, and a German-language handbook for immigrants from the Daughters of the American Revolution. Emil Mane’s materials from the Kitchener Camp and his emigration consist mainly of correspondence with English officials and a few personal items from the camp. The restitution materials include letters exchanged by family members regarding restitution for lost property and letters by Emil Mane inquiring into restitution in the 1960s. Also included are letters sent by Augusta Mane in 1938 requesting the release of Emil Mane from Dachau after his imprisonment on Kristallnacht and a contract of sale of the Mane family’s iron works from 1955. The photographs consist of picture postcards and formal portraits of members of the Mane and related families and friends, including Ilse Adler, Clara Bierig, Max Bierig, Fanny Eichtersheimer, Leo Eichtersheimer, Moritz Eichtersheimer, Else Faber, Hans Faber, Jakob Faber, Moritz Faber, Thekla Faber, Erna Gutmann, Elise Gutmann, Jakob Gutmann, Leopold Gutmann, Martha Gutmann, Nathan Gutmann, Anna Holz, Henriette Holz, Judith Holz, Simon Holz, Leo Kahn, Liesel Kahn, Paula Knorr, Liselotte Levy, Otto Levy, Trudel Levy, Berta Loeb, Jeanette Löb, Max Meyer, Selma Meyer, and Claere Wohlgemuth. Some military photographs from World War I and a few snapshots are also included.
- 1905-circa 1997, 2013
- Majority of material found within 1937-1945
- Mane, Augusta, 1905-2000 (Person)
Language of Materials
The collection is in German and English.
This collection is open to researchers.
Augusta née Faber was born in 1905 in Philippsburg (Baden, Germany). In 1928, she married Emil Mane (born 1900 in Geinsheim/Pfalz), the son of a butcher Elias Mané. After their marriage, Emil ran the iron works Gebrüder Gutmann (Gutmann Brothers) along with Augusta and her mother. This business had been in Augusta’s family for over a century when they were forced to close it in 1938 and allow it to be sold in 1939. Emil was arrested on Kristallnacht and imprisoned at Dachau but later released. Augusta immigrated to the United States with their three children in February of 1940. Emil was a refugee at the Kitchener Camp in Richborough (Kent, England) until March of 1940, when he was able to procure passage to New York City and join his family. From the late 1940s through the 1960s, Emil claimed restitution for the loss of family property and damages to his career. Emil passed away in 1991, and Augusta in 2000.
0.25 Linear Feet
This collection contains the personal papers of Augusta (1905-2000) and Emil Mane (1900-1991) of Philippsburg, Baden, Germany. They were forced to sell their iron works business Gebrüder Gutmann in 1938 and, after Emil’s imprisonment in Dachau and time in an English refugee camp, they immigrated to the United States. The collection includes personal correspondence, emigration and restitution materials, recipes, photographs, a family tree, and a list of what happened to the Jews of Philippsburg during or after World War II.
Materials are arranged by document type.
The collection was digitized and made accessible in its entirety.
A floppy disk with family correspondence and notes has been separated to the LBI Audio Visual Collection.
Envelopes that did not contain any further information than could be found on the correspondence itself were removed. Comments written on sticky notes were replaced with copies of the note onto acid-free paper. Correspondence was removed from envelopes and unfolded. Materials were refoldered where necessary.
- Gebrüder Gutmann
- Genealogical tables
- Iron industry and trade
- Jews -- Persecutions -- Germany -- History -- 20th century
- Kitchener Camp for Refugees
- Mane family
- Mane, Augusta, 1905-2000
- Mane, Emil, 1900-1991
- Philippsburg (Germany)
- Restitution -- Germany
- United States -- Emigration and immigration
- Guide to the Augusta and Emil Mane Collection 1905-circa 1997, 2013 (bulk 1937-1945) AR 6835
- Processed by Leanora Lange
- © 2014
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- Description is in English.
- Processing made possible by the Leon Levy Foundation and the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany. Digitization made possible by the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
- June 2015: dao links and digitization information added by Leanora Lange.