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Klaus G. Loewald Family Collection

Identifier: AR 4960

Scope and Contents

The collection can be grouped into three broad categories: papers and documents, correspondence, and photographs. The Loewald family papers, including the folder of Klaus Loewald papers, contains extensive documentation of the process of emigrating from Germany during the period after 1938. Klaus Loewald’s papers contain correspondence and documents with authorities in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Palestine regarding emigration. His family’s papers include passports, tickets, letters of recommendation, and various other official documents which illustrate their journey out of Germany to Sweden, and then over Russia and Japan to the United States during the period from 1939-1942. The family papers also include various vital documents such a birth and wedding certificates, and other official papers and documents largely dating to the 19th and early 20th centuries, with a few documents from the United States after the war. Similarly, Klaus Loewald’s papers also contain his birth certificate and schooling papers from before the war, and university, identification, and marriage documents from after the war.

The Landshut family papers include several letters of recommendation and other documents pertaining to Rosa Landshut’s (later Loewald) career as a nurse during the first World War, as well as some of her school papers and various vital records and identification papers. This folder also notably contains many documents originating from Alma Landshut’s internment in the Theresienstadt concentration camp, including transport orders and camp money (Lagergeld), as well as some of the paperwork she received upon her liberation and transport to Berlin after the war and upon emigration to the United States.

Much of the correspondence also dates to the war period, including several letters and messages to and from Alma while she was interned in Theresienstadt. Other letters are from family members who could not leave Germany, or from other relatives who emigrated elsewhere. There are also a handful of letters from the 19th century.

Finally, the collection contains several photos, most of which document Rosa Landshut’s work as a nurse during the first World War. There are also photos of her brother Hans as a soldier during the first World War, and a handful of photos of Berlin scenes and events during the Weimar period and during the Nazi dictatorship, including a couple images of Jewish gatherings in the mid-1930s.


  • 1870-1991
  • Majority of material found within 1870-1964


Language of Materials

The collection is in German, English, Czech, Polish, Hebrew, Russian, and Japanese.

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Access Information

Collection is digitized. Follow the links in the Container List to access the digitized materials.

Readers may access the collection by visiting the Lillian Goldman Reading Room at the Center for Jewish History. We recommend reserving the collection in advance; please visit the LBI Online Catalog and click on the "Request" button.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:

Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY, 10011


Biographical Note

Klaus Loewald was born in 1920 in Berlin. His parents were Hans Georg and Rosa Loewald. Loewald remained in Berlin until 1939, when he escaped to England under the sponsorship of the American government, although he had obtained papers for Palestinian emigration. In England he was in turn deported to Australia as an enemy alien and interned in a camp there from 1940-1942. Afterwards he served in the Australian army, and in 1946 he joined his immediate family in Chicago. He married twice, first to Kate Senior in 1953 and then to Do Thi Uyen Nhu in 1964. During this period, he also returned to Berlin to study and received his degree in history from the Freie Universität Berlin. He moved to Australia in 1970, where he taught at various universities.

Hans Georg Loewald was the son of Louis and Recha (née Perls) Loewald of Danzig (now Gdańsk, Poland). Louis was a cantor. The family name was also at times spelled Löwald. Hans Loewald worked first as a apprentice at a firm specializing in ornamental ironwork, but moved up the ladder, eventually becoming an executive officer and partner. Hans, Rosa, and Anneliese Loewald emigrated out of Germany in 1939, first to Sweden, then over Russia and Japan by ship to Canada, eventually settling in Chicago. Hans Loewald died in Chicago in 1952, having changed his name to George H. Loewald.

Rosa Loewald, also known as Rosel or Rose, was born to Alma and Josef Landshut in Neumark, Westpreussen (now Nowy Targ, Poland), and served as a nurse in the first World War. She married Hans Georg Loewald in 1919.

Alma Landshut, née Rosenthal, was the mother Rosa Loewald and wife of Josef Landshut, who died in Berlin in 1941. After her husband's death, she was interned in Theresienstadt and survived. After being liberated, she returned to Berlin, and joined her family in the United States.


0.25 Linear Feet


This collection contains the family papers of the Loewald and Landshut families, notably personal and vital papers from before, during and after World War II which illustrate both the family's history and personal and professional lives. In particular, this collection amply documents the family's emigration in 1939, as well as a relative's internment in Theresienstadt, through legal documents and personal and official correspondence. There are also a large number of photographs illustrating Rosa Loewald's work as a nurse during World War I.

Other Finding Aid

A partial German-language inventory is available in folder 1.

Location of Originals

Location of the original correspondence in folder 6 is unkown; items in folder are photocopies.

Related Material

See also Klaus Loewald 's memoir My Kristallnacht , ME 1203 .

Separated Material

Three offprints from the Congressional Record from 1952-1954 were donated to the Leo Baeck Institute Library Collection .

Klaus G. Loewald Family Collection, 1870-1991, bulk 1870-1964   AR 4960
Processed by Turnheim and Timothy Ryan Mendenhall
© 2011
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Description is in English.

Revision Statements

  • November 30, 2011 : Links to digital objects added in Container List.

Repository Details

Part of the Leo Baeck Institute Repository

15 West 16th Street
New York NY 10011 United States