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Margaret Strauss Berman Family Collection

Identifier: AR 25221

Scope and Content Note

The papers contained in this collection document part of the lives of several family members of Margaret Strauss Berman. In addition to biographical summaries written by herself, held in Series I, there are photographs, correspondence, newspaper articles, book pages, a diary and further personal documents related to different parts of Margaret Strauss Berman's family.

Series II is mainly composed of copies of Ludwig Strauss's papers including personal documents along with newspaper articles on him. Further documents related to the family of Margaret Strauss Berman's mother are held in Series III. Included are papers and photographs of Siegmund Weinberger, Isidor Behr and Alma and Jacob Simon together with a diary of Aron Weiler.


  • 1898-2005


Language of Materials

The collection is in German, English, and some Latin.

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Access Information

Collection is digitized. Follow the links in the Container List to access the digitized materials.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:

Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011


Biographical Note

Margaret Strauss Berman was born as a daughter of Flora Behr and Karl Strauss in Speyer, Germany in 1922. In later years the family moved to Neustadt an der Weinstraβe, where Karl Strauss taught mathematics and physics at the local school. After 1935 he had to leave school because of a new Nazi legal measure. In 1938, when Margaret was no longer allowed to attend school, her parents sent her to Newark, New Jersey. In the very same year her father Karl Strauss was arrested during the Kristallnacht and sent to Dachau. After his release the family moved to Mannheim. In 1941, they were deported to Gurs and in 1942 to Auschwitz, where they perished.

Margaret Strauss Berman's paternal grandparents Klara and Ludwig Strauss lived in Bad Dürkheim. Her grandfather, a teacher at a Jewish school, was president of the Jewish community in the Palatinate, president of the synagogue in his hometown and the conductor of a local chorus. He also was the head of the local Democratic Party and a member of the city council but in 1933 he was forced to renounce his public offices at the instigation of the regional Gauleiter. After Kristallnacht he and his wife Klara moved to Mannheim from where they were deported to Gurs, where they died in 1942.

Erna Behr, a sister of Margaret Strauss Berman's mother, was married to Sigmund Weinberger. He had a medical practice in Heidelberg for 30 years, before he immigrated to the United States. One of Margaret Strauss Berman's other relatives, Alma Behr, married Jacob Simon who was wounded in World War I. The couple lived in Homburg until they immigrated to New York. Alma's brother, Isidor Behr, also served in World War I. He perished with his wife and three children in Auschwitz.

In the United States Margaret Strauss Berman became a microbiologist. She married and had three children: Charles, Eve and Anne Berman.


0.25 Linear Feet


This collection holds the papers of members of Margaret Strauss Berman's family in several towns in the Palatinate. It is primarily composed of personal documents, like photographs, biographical texts and a diary, and it contains also some newspaper clippings and a flyer.


The collection is composed of three series arranged in the following manner:

Separated Material

Two books have been removed from the archival collection and given to the LBI Library.

  1. Hugo Marx, Die Flucht, Juedisches Schicksal 1940, Duesseldorf 1955.
  2. Alt-Frankfurt, Vierzig Bilder nach Aufnahmen von Paul Wolff, Text von Fried Luebbecke, Frankfurt am Main 1923.

Copies from notations in these books are held in folders 4 and 5.

Processing Information

The collection was re-processed in 2011 in preparation of the EAD finding aid, with the creation of series and addition of description. In that regard the folders were arranged topically.

Guide to the Papers of the Margaret Strauss Berman Family 1898-2005 AR 25221
Processed by Christian Zech
© 2011
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Description is in English.
Edition statement
This version was derived from MargaretStraussBerman.xml

Revision Statements

  • July 25, 2013 : Links to digital objects added in Container List.

Repository Details

Part of the Leo Baeck Institute Repository

15 West 16th Street
New York NY 10011 United States