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Gertrud and Friedrich Hermann Family Collection

Identifier: AR 25259 / MF 945

Scope and Content Note

The Gertrud and Friedrich Hermann Family Collection holds some of the couple's personal papers as well as some documents related to other family members and friends.

Prominent among the papers in this collection are the documents relating to the two well-known writers Johannes Urzidil and Fritz von Unruh. The first folder contains a typescript of Johannes Urzidil's essay Goethe und der boehmische Hopfen with a handwritten poem and dedication to Gertrud and Friedrich Hermann from 1951. This text deals with Goethe's interest in the hop plant and its preparation as a vegetable (Hopfengemuese) and cites the relevant text passages in his autobiographical and literary work. Urzidil's handwritten poem is a praise of hop as the basic ingredient of beer, and he addresses Gertrud and Friedrich as Hopfenleute, since they were working in the hop business after their emigration to the U.S. In addition, the first folder contains a postcard by Johannes and Gertrude Urzidil. Gertrud Hermann's correspondence with the German expressionist dramatist, poet, and novelist Fritz von Unruh is located in the following two folders. This correspondence consists of two brief but very cordial letters with compliments by von Unruh and one letter by Hermann, expressing her admiration for one of von Unruh's poems.

The majority of the papers in this collection pertain to Friedrich Hermann's education and career as a lawyer in Germany. Hermann's educational documents consist of reports from schools in Belgium as well as Frankfurt am Main and certificates from the universities of Frankfurt am Main, Munich, and Freiburg im Breisgau, where he studied law. While attending the Goethe-Gymnasium in Frankfurt his education was interrupted by one year of voluntary military service in 1918. The certificates of his relief from school and a declaration of consent by Friedrich's father will be found in the respective folder. Friedrich Hermann's professional documents consist predominantly of certificates, correspondence, as well as some newspaper clippings concerning his professional advancement, his admission to the bar, and his ban from practicing law in 1933. In addition, the collection holds a small amount of educational certificates of Gertrud Hermann, such as reports from the following schools: Viktoriaschule zu Frankfurt am Main, Staedtische Gewerbe- und Haushaltungsschule Frankfurt am Main, and Staedtisches Kindergaertnerinnen-Seminar Frankfurt am Main.

The remaining folders contain documents relating to other family members and friends of Gertrud and Friedrich Hermann. The family documents comprise typed copies of correspondence pertaining to Friedrich's father Hermann Salomon and grandfather Robert Oppenheim. The letters deal with Oppenheimer's participation in military campaigns, Salomon's fundraising for a school project in Belgium, and his activities as a delegate of the Help Committee for Refuges in 1915. Moreover, a book with poems cited and dedicated to Friedrich Hermann by his schoolmates and teachers, as well as a poem for his 60th anniversary written by his brother will be found in the last two folders of this collection.


  • Creation: 1908-1962


Language of Materials

The collection is primarily in German, with some French and Dutch.

Access Restrictions

Collection is microfilmed, please use MF 945.

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Collection is microfilmed, please use MF 945.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:

Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011


Biographical Note

The lawyer Friedrich Hermann was born as Fritz Salomon in Gent, Belgium, on December 20th, 1902, the son of the merchant Hermann Salomon and his wife Toni (?). After attending school in Belgium and Germany he studied law in Frankfurt am Main, Munich, and Freiburg im Breisgau and received his doctorate diploma in 1926. He was admitted to the bar in Frankfurt in 1928. In 1933 he was disbarred and no longer allowed to practice law. He emigrated to New York in 1935 (?) where he changed his to Friedrich Hermann and started to work in the hop business.

Friedrich Hermann's first wife Gertrud (née Reinemann) was born on December 18th, 1907 in Frankfurt am Main. She was trained as a kindergarten teacher. The Hermann couple was acquainted with the Czech-German author Johannes Urzidil (1896-1970); Gertrud Hermann was also in contact with the German expressionist writer Fritz von Unruh (1885-1970).

In the early 1960s Friedrich Hermann married a second time. The name of the second wife of Friedrich Hermann was Renee (née Neuman). Her father, Willy Neuman, who died in 1919, owned a racing stable.


0.25 Linear Feet


This collection holds the papers of Gertrud and Friedrich Hermann. The majority of the material found here documents Friedrich Hermann's education and his professional career as a lawyer, although material concerning his wife Gertrud and other members of the family is also present. The collection contains a typescript, correspondence, official documents, and clippings.


Original order.

Separated Material

Two buttons owned by Renee N. Herman's father were removed to LBI's Art and Objects Collection.

Guide to the Papers of Gertrud (1907-?) and Friedrich (1902-?) Hermann 1908-1962 AR 25259 / MF 945
Processed by Rebekka Rueegsegger
© 2008
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Description is in English.
Edition statement
This version was derived from GertrudFriedrichHermann.xml

Revision Statements

  • September 2010:: Links to digital objects added in Container List.
  • 2010-09-14 : encoding of linking to digital objects from finding aid was changed from <extref> to <dao> through dao_conv.xsl

Repository Details

Part of the Leo Baeck Institute Repository

15 West 16th Street
New York NY 10011 United States