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Fleischer-Steiner Family Collection

Identifier: AR 25083

Scope and Content Note

The collection is arranged in three series. Series I comprises the papers of Kuno Fleischer, i.e. business papers and correspondence, but also personal and legal documents. The latter are contained in Subseries 1, while the former are held by Subseries 2.

Series II holds the papers of Clara (née Steiner) Fleischer, Kuno Fleischer's wife. There are next to no documents that pertain to them as a married couple and the bulk of the documents regarding Clara Fleischer come from the time after Kuno's death (1951). These papers predominantly have to do with restitution and inheritance matters related to Clara. Series III, contains genealogical material as well as a heterogeneous corpus of documents related to the Fleischer family and their company.


  • 1814-1993
  • Majority of material found within 1930s-1960s


Language of Materials

The collection is in English and German.

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Access Information

Collection is digitized. Follow the links in the Container List to access the digitized materials.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:

Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011


Historical Note

The Fleischer family ran a paper factory in Eislingen, Germany, and lived in Goeppingen. In 1892 Moritz Fleischer, had bought the bankrupt factory. In 1906, upon Moritz's death, Kuno Fleischer (born on December 25th, 1880) became an authorized representative and associate and ran the company together with his brother David Moritz Fleischer. David Moritz's sons Hermann (in 1924) and Walter (in 1930) became associates.

In 1939, David Moritz Fleischer, his sons and their families emigrated to England and took over Swan Mill Paper Ltd., London, a subsidiary company to the Eislingen factory, founded by Kuno Fleischer in 1930. Since David Moritz Fleischer, his sons and their families left Germany 'illegally', Kuno Fleischer was imprisoned. In 1938, he was interned in the Dachau concentration camp. In February 1939, he was a prisoner in the Polizeigefaengnis (police prison) Stuttgart; Kuno Fleischer was released on June 8th that same year and emigrated to England two weeks later. In 1940, SS-Obersturmbannfuehrer Fritz Kiehn, a prominent Nazi in Baden-Wuerttemberg, took over the company, after inner-NSDAP quarrels with Gustav Schickedanz, another prominent NS-functionary and businessman, were resolved.

Kuno Fleischer was released from prison for a ransom and as neither his brother nor his nephews paid the amount, Kuno sold his shares in the Swan Mill Paper Ltd. to Victor Steiner and other members of the Steiner family. The Steiners were the family of his wife Clara, born on July 19th, 1893. Clara’s father, Victor Steiner, had lived in the USA for quite a while. The Steiner family as well as Kuno's and Clara's children Kurt and Hilde Fleischer, who had immigrated to the USA earlier, supported them in their attempts to gain a US visa, which they had tried to acquire since Kuno’s internment in Dachau. Kuno and Clara eventually immigrated to the USA in February 1940.

Not only did Kuno blame his brother and his nephews for his imprisonment, but their personal relationship was already fairly strained since the late 1920s because the inclusion of David Moritz's sons entailed contractual problems. The original deed of partnership from 1906 had granted Kuno and David Moritz an equal share in the company. With Hermann as an associate, Kuno's share was reduced to 40 percent. When Walter joined the company, an ongoing discussion about a further reduction of Kuno's share emerged, which, however, was never resolved, as Kuno simply refused to change the contract. This difficult situation resurfaced in 1948, when the Fleischers regained their company. Walter's and Hermann's deaths on March 3rd, 1949, and August 6th, 1949, respectively, as well as Kuno's death on April 23rd, 1951, in connection with an unclear estate and changing restitution laws in Germany created a very opaque situation.


1.0 Linear Feet


The collection contains documents and correspondence of the Fleischer and Steiner families. Prominent topics are the Fleischer's family business as well as restitution and inheritance matters. The papers in this collection include a vast amount of correspondence, business and restitution papers, as well as some documents regarding immigration.

Processing Information

Two documents from Series I regarding the Fleischer's immigration, i.e. a letter of Rabbi Fred Gumbel and an affidavit of support, were placed in an oversize folder. Material removed from Series II to an oversize folder includes several financial and legal documents regarding inheritance and restitution matters. Several documents from Series III, predominantly family trees, were placed in an oversize folder.

Guide to the Papers of the Fleischer-Steiner Family 1814-1993 AR 25083
Processed by Joern Esch
© 2012
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Description is in English.
Edition statement
This version was derived from Fleischer-SteinerFamily.xml

Revision Statements

  • April 01, 2015 : dao links added by Emily Andresini.

Repository Details

Part of the Leo Baeck Institute Repository

15 West 16th Street
New York NY 10011 United States