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Barbara and Peter Rothholz Family Collection

Identifier: AR 25201

Scope and Content Note

The Barbara and Peter Rothholz Family Collection contains material on both their families. It is arranged in two series and contains personal documents, photographs and postcards.

The collection documents the family histories beginning in World War I. The biggest part of the collection contains photographs of the Rothholz family, mainly Alfred (Adolf) Rothholz and Peter Rothholz.

The first series contains 3 folders of personal documents grouped by individual. These are biographical notes, certificates and decorations relating to, or depicting, Eugen and Charlotte Bandmann, Walter Gruenpeter (Peters) and Leo Strauss.

The second series contains photographs, postcards and photo albums of the Rothholz family. There are many postcards and photographs of Alfred (Adolf) Rothholz and his brother Leo during World War I from 1916 and two photo albums.

Series III: Addenda was added to the collection at a later date and contains papers of family members featured in the previous series in addition to papers of more distant family members. Much of the material consists of official documents such as birth and marriage certificates or passports, but other items include examples of family members' creative writing, family photographs, and correspondence.


  • Creation: 1877-1969
  • Creation: Majority of material found within 1916-1937


Language of Materials

The collection is in German.

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Access Information

Collection is digitized. Follow the links in the Container List to access the digitized materials.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:

Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011


Biographical Note

Dr. Walter Gruenpeter (later Peters) (1903-1978) was born in Kattowitz, the only son of Salon and Hedwig (née Zernik) Gruenpeter. He had a sister, Ilse and a half-sister, Inge, both of whom died in the Holocaust. He studied law at the Universities of Breslau and Freiburg and became an associate at the law office of Eugen Bandmann. In 1931 he married Eugen Bandmann's daughter, Charlotte. They had one daughter, Baerbel Gruenpeter, later Barbara Peters, who was born in 1933. Walter Gruenpeter was disbarred after Hitler's rise to power and emigrated to Belgrade, Yugoslavia with his family. In 1938 he left for England while his wife and daughter went to the United States. He joined them in 1940. He and Charlotte Peters eventually divorced; Charlotte lived on in New York City until her death on January 27, 1999. In 1972 Walter Peters married Alice Stern (née Salm).

Alfred Rothholz (1896-1963) was born in Pudewitz (today Pobiedziska, Poland). He was the son of Jakob and Dorotea Rothholz. He and his two brothers, Heinrich and Leo, volunteered for service in the German Army in World War I. Alfred and Heinrich were severely wounded and Leo went missing-in-action. Alfred married Bertha Isner of Bayreuth in 1927 and had one son, Lutz-Peter (Peter), who was born in 1929. Bertha's mother was Laura Isner. Alfred and Bertha divorced in 1933. In 1936 Alfred brought his son to live with him in Dresden and subsequently they emigrated to London in 1938 and then moved to Oxford in 1941 and later to Cambridge. After the end of World War II, Peter moved to the United States to live with his mother and Alfred returned to London, where he married Gertrude Rosenheimer in 1949.

Barbara Peters (Baerbel Gruenpeter) married Peter Rothholz.

Leo Strauss was the stepfather of Peter Rothholz.


1.25 Linear Feet


The Barbara and Peter Rothholz Family Collection contains documents and photographs of the families of Peter Rothholz and his wife, Barbara Peters Rothholz (originally Baerbel Gruenpeter), along with papers of the extended family.

Related Material

See also the Eugen Bandmann Collection (AR 7).

Separated Material

A prayer book was removed from Series III: Addenda to the LBI Library, with photocopies of the book's title page and dedication retained in the archival collection.

Processing Information

The material in this collection has been arranged according to individuals and format. Documents and decorations were put into folders corresponding to the individuals they concern. Photographs and postcards have been grouped either by place, or by the (known) persons in the picture according to the available information.

Series III: Addenda was added to the collection in May 2017.

Guide to the Papers of the Barbara and Peter Rothholz Family 1877-1969 AR 25201
Processed by Philipp Thater and Dianne Ritchey
© 2011
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Description is in English.
Edition statement
This version was derived from BarbaraPeterRothholzFamily.xml

Revision Statements

  • November 21, 2013 : Links to digital objects added in Container List.
  • May 17, 2017:: Series III: Addenda added to collection.
  • October 16, 2017 : Links to digital objects added in Container List.

Repository Details

Part of the Leo Baeck Institute Repository

15 West 16th Street
New York NY 10011 United States