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Arthur Salz Collection

Identifier: AR 6288

Scope and Content Note

This collection reflects the academic work of Arthur Salz, professor of economics and sociology at the University of Heidelberg (1916-1933), the University of Cambridge (1933), and the Ohio State University (1934-1952). Salz wrote on economic theory and methodology as well as economic and political policy in the United States and Germany from the turn of the twentieth century into the Cold War era. Included are notes, clippings, speeches, drafts and full manuscripts of articles and books, and some correspondence with publishers and professional colleagues. There are no personal papers included in the collection.

Series I contains unpublished papers, including notes, clippings, speeches, unpublished committee reports, a few pieces of correspondence, and drafts of articles, books, and book reviews.

Series II consists of the published works of Arthur Salz that were donated as part of this collection. These publications discuss economic theory and policy in Germany and the United States from World War II to the beginning of the Cold War.


  • 1912-1962

Language of Materials

The collection is in English and German.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open to researchers.

Access Information

Readers may access the collection by visiting the Lillian Goldman Reading Room at the Center for Jewish History. We recommend reserving the collection in advance; please visit the LBI Online Catalog and click on the "Request" button.

Biographical Note<extptr actuate="onload" altrender="Portrait of Arthur Salz (1881-1963)" href="" show="embed" title="Portrait of Arthur Salz (1881-1963)" linktype="simple"/>

Arthur Salz was a professor of economics and sociology and author of many articles and books on economic theory and methodology.

Salz was born on December 31, 1881 in Staab, Bohemia (today Stod, Czech Republic) to Heinrich Salz and Rosa née Popper. He studied in Berlin and Munich. In 1903, he received his doctorate in political science (Doctor Rerum Politicarum), having studied under Lujo Brentano. He was the co-editor of Heidelberger Studien aus dem Institut für Sozial- und Staatswissenschaft and lectured at the Handelshochschule in Mannheim and at the Akademie der Arbeit in Frankfurt. In 1907, Salz took on a position as a lecturer at the University of Heidelberg and became an assistant professor there in 1916.

In 1912, he married Sophie Kantorowicz with whom he had three children, Beate, Judith, and Henry.

In 1933, Salz left his position at the University of Heidelberg under political pressure. He spent one year as a guest professor at the University of Cambridge and then immigrated to the United States. He took on a position as a professor of economics at the Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio, where he remained for the rest of his life. Salz died on August 10, 1963.


Strauss, H. A.; Röder, W.; Rosenblatt, B., Caplan, H. (1983). “Salz, Arthur.” International Biographical Dictionary of Central European émigrés 1933-1945. Vol. 2. p. 1015.


1.5 Linear Feet (3 boxes)


Arthur Salz was a professor of economics and sociology at the University of Heidelberg from 1916 until 1933, when he was forced to leave Germany. After spending a year at the University of Cambridge, Salz became a professor of economics at the Ohio State University from 1934 until his retirement in 1952. This collection focuses solely on Salz's academic work; there are no personal papers. Included are drafts and finished publications by Salz on economic theory and methodology as well as social and political policies mainly in Germany and the United States from World War II to the beginning of the Cold War. Series I consists of unpublished papers such as notes, drafts, and manuscripts, and Series II holds Salz’s finished publications.


Published and unpublished papers were separated into separate series. Unpublished papers were divided by the title of the work where it could be discerned or by document type and then arranged in a rough chronological order. The published works were arranged chronologically.

Digitization Note

This collection was digitized in its entirety. Box 3 folders 9-12 are restricted to on-site access only due to copyright.

Related Material

The LBI Archives hold correspondence from Arthur Salz as part of Der Neue Merkur Collection, 1919-1925.

Papers of Arthur Salz's daughters Beate and Judith are held in the Judith and Beate Salz Collection at the LBI Archives.

The LBI Library holds a copy of Adam Heinrich Müller von Nitersdorf’s Vorlesungen über die deutsche Wissenschaft und Literatur, edited and with an introduction by Arthur Salz. Call number: PT 273 M8 V6

The International Institute of Social History, located in Amersterdam, holds correspondence between Arthur Salz and Gottfried Salomon-Delatour as part of the Gottfried Salomon-Delatour Papers.

Separated Material

The following books were originally donated as part of the collection but have been moved to the LBI Library.

Salz, Arthur. Geschichte der böhmischen Industrie in der Neuzeit. München ; Leipzig: Duncker and Humblot, 1913.

Salz, Arthur. Macht und Wirtschaftsgesetz: Ein Beitrag zur Erkenntnis des Wesens der kapitalistischen Wirschaftsverfassung. Leipzig ; Berlin: B. G. Teubner, 1930.

Salz, Arthur. Das Wesen des Imperialismus: Umrisse einer Theorie. Leipzig ; Berlin: B. G. Teubner, 1931.

Processing Information

Folded items were flattened, and duplicate copies were removed. For publications, the title page and Arthur Salz’s individual article were preserved, and the rest of the publication was removed.

Guide to the Arthur Salz Collection 1912-1962 AR 6288
Processed by Leanora Lange
© 2012
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Description is in English.
Described, encoded, and digitized as part of the CJH Holocaust Resource Initiative, made possible by the Conference on Jewish Material Claims against Germany.

Repository Details

Part of the Leo Baeck Institute Repository

15 West 16th Street
New York NY 10011 United States