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American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee

 Collection
Identifier: AR 7196

Scope and Contents

The bulk of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC) collection consists of the German case files of the JDC and date from 1929 to 1947. These records document various individuals’ immigration attempts. Although the JDC was at first reluctant to aid individuals directly, this became necessary after the outbreak of World War II. Individuals of note whose case files may be found in this collection include: Ossip Flechtheim, Babette Gross, Kurt Grossmann, Albert Grzesinski, Erich Kaestner, Alfred Kerr, Hermann Kesten, Siegfried Kracauer, Karl Meinhard, Franz Oppenheim, Wolfgang Panowsky, Joachim Prinz, Kurt Rosenfeld, Hans-Joachim Schoeps, Leopold Schwarzschild, Toni Sender, Kurt Singer, Heinrich Stahl, Friedrich Stampfer, and Bruno Weil.

The case files themselves include papers and correspondence of organizations, which collaborated with the JDC, including: American Jewish Committee, American Jewish Congress, Canadian Jewish Congress, Comitvoor Joodsche Vluchtelingen, HIAS-HICEM, Hilfsverein der deutschen Juden, National Refugee Service, Reichsvertretung der deutschen Juden, Selfhelp for German Refugees, and United Jewish Appeal. Amongst individuals whose correspondence is contained in the case files are Cyrus Adler, Ernst Behrendt, Albert Einstein, Joseph Hyman, Bernhard Kahn, Herbert Katzki, J. B. Lightman, Robert Pilpel, Cecilia Razovsky, and Jeanette Robbins.

The collection also contains a small section of Italian case files of the JDC, 1945-1947, for displaced persons in Italy after the war, concerning attempts to contact friends and relatives, conditions in Italy, and attempts to emigrate.

Dates

  • 1929-1949
  • Majority of material found within 1933-1947

Creator

Language of Materials

The collection is in German and English.

Access Restrictions

Access to the materials in this collection will only be granted to users who can demonstrate a legitimate research need. Please submit requests to view any folder in this collection via email to lbaeck@lbi.cjh.org and include a description of your research and an explanation of why access to the materials is necessary.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:

Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY, 10011

email: lbaeck@lbi.cjh.org

Extent

11 Linear Feet

Abstract

The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (also known as the JDC) was founded on November 27, 1914, in order to facilitate and centralize the collection and distribution of funds by American Jews for Jews abroad. This collection consists of the German case files of the JDC (dating from 1929 to 1947). The records document various individuals’ immigration attempts. Although the JDC was at first reluctant to aid individuals directly, this became necessary after the outbreak of World War II. Documents concerning many prominent individuals may be found in this collection.

Microfilm

The collection is on forty reels of microfilm (MF 488).
  1. Reel 1: 1/1 - 1/5
  2. Reel 2: 1/6 - 1/14
  3. Reel 3: 1/15 - 1/22
  4. Reel 4: 1/23 - 2/2
  5. Reel 5: 2/3 - 2/8
  6. Reel 6: 2/9 - 2/16
  7. Reel 7: 2/17 - 2/24
  8. Reel 8: 3/1 - 3/7
  9. Reel 9: 3/8 - 3/11
  10. Reel 10: 3/12 - 3/16
  11. Reel 11: 3/17 - 3/21
  12. Reel 12: 4/1 - 4/6
  13. Reel 13: 4/7 - 4/12
  14. Reel 14: 4/13 - 4/16
  15. Reel 15: 4/17 - 4/21
  16. Reel 16: 4/22 - 5/6
  17. Reel 17: 5/7 - 5/12
  18. Reel 18: 5/13 - 5/20
  19. Reel 19: 5/21 - 6/2
  20. Reel 20: 6/3 - 6/9
  21. Reel 21: 6/10 - 6/16
  22. Reel 22: 6/17 - 6/24
  23. Reel 23: 6/25 - 7/5
  24. Reel 24: 7/6 - 7/16
  25. Reel 25: 7/17 - 7/22
  26. Reel 26: 7/23 - 8/3
  27. Reel 27: 8/4 - 8/10
  28. Reel 28: 8/11 - 8/19
  29. Reel 29: 8/20 - 8/27
  30. Reel 30: 8/28 - 9/7
  31. Reel 31: 9/8 - 9/15
  32. Reel 32: 9/16 - 9/19
  33. Reel 33: 9/20 - 10/2
  34. Reel 34: 10/3 - 10/8
  35. Reel 35: 10/9 - 10/18
  36. Reel 36: 10/19 - 10/26
  37. Reel 37: 10/27 - 11/4
  38. Reel 38: 11/5 - 11/8
  39. Reel 39: 11/9 - 11/12
  40. Reel 40: 11/13 - 11/17
Title
Guide to the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee Collection, 1929-1949   AR 7196
Author
Processed by LBI Staff
Date
© 2007
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
Description is in English.

Revision Statements

  • May 2008:: Microfilm inventory and access information added.
  • March 26, 2014: : Links to digital objects added in Container List.
  • September 22, 2015: : Removed links from Internet Archive site and added links to LBI repository.

Repository Details

Part of the Leo Baeck Institute Repository