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Friedlich and Urman Family Collection

Identifier: AR 26047

Scope and Contents

The collection contains personal papers, correspondence, photographs and photo albums, vital records, travel documents, and other materials regarding the Friedlich and Urman families. A large part of the collection comprises correspondence between Jenny and Aron Friedlich as well as letters from Salomon and Clara Urman to their daughter Jenny in the United States. Additionally, the collection holds restitution papers for Salomon and Clara Urman and Jenny Urman Friedlich as well as correspondence with the family’s legal advisor Peter Hörder.

Series I contains personal papers and correspondence regarding Clara and Salomon Urman, Jenny and Aron Friedlich as well as further members of the Friedlich and Gurfein families. Correspondence between Aron and Jenny in 1947 concerns plans for Jenny to come to the United States. Letters from Salomon and Clara in Paris to Jenny in New York concern their plans to join their daughter and Aron in the United States.

Series II contains photographs and photo albums, predominantly of Monica Friedlich with her parents Jenny and Aron Friedlich as well as her grandparents Salomon and Clara Urman. Included are, in addition, photographs of Jenny in her childhood and youth and of Aron Friedlich and his side of the family.

Series III contains restitution papers and legal correspondence regarding the restitution claims of Salomon and Clara Urman as well as Jenny Urman Friedlich. Also included are restitution papers for Salomon’s brothers Eduard Urman, Martin Traub and Ignatz Urman.


  • 1915-2000
  • Majority of material found within 1940s-1950s


Language of Materials

The collection is primarily in German and English, with French, Hebrew, Polish and Romanian.

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact: Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011 email:

Biographical Note

Salomon Urman was born on February 16, 1890, in Czernowitz, Bucovina. From 1909 to 1939 he lived in Berlin, where he married Clara Haberman on February 1st, 1914. Clara Haberman was born on July 13, 1891, also in Czernowitz. Together they had one daughter, Jenny Urman, born on December 3, 1915, in Berlin. Initially working as a secretary in Berlin, Jenny was released from her job in 1935. Four years later, in 1939, the Urman family fled to Paris, where they illegally lived in hiding with a French policeman from 1942 to 1944 and were possibly working with the local anti-Nazi movements. Afterward, the family was transported to Bucharest, where Jenny worked for the International Red Cross. In 1947, the Urman family moved back to Paris. Six months later, in December of 1947, Jenny immigrated to the United States to marry Aron Friedlich.

Aron Friedlich was born on October 10, 1910, in Krakow, to Mina (nee Kenner) and Mendel Friedrich and had five siblings. Mina later married a second time in New York and took the name Gurfein. Aron first lived in Berlin and later fled to France. In 1941, he fled to the United States via Cuba, where he worked in the military and was later stationed in Europe. Aron and Jenny had known each other in their youth in Berlin and met again in Paris during the war around 1940. After staying in correspondence, Jenny moved to the United States in December 1947 and married Aron in February 1948. In 1951, Jenny brought her parents to the United States as well. Salomon Urman, who initially worked as a tailor, had gotten Parkinson’s disease due to years of persecution and was unable to work. Jenny and Aron, therefore, supported Jenny’s parents financially until their deaths. Together, Jenny and Aron had a daughter, Monica Lagnado, born on November 1, 1954.


2.5 Linear Feet

1 Folders (1 shared oversized folder in a shared oversized box)


The collection contains personal papers and correspondence as well as photographs and photo albums relating to the families of Jenny and Aron Friedlich and Salomon and Clara Urman. Also included are restitution papers relating to Salomon, Clara and Jenny Urman.


The collection is arranged by document type in three series:

Series I: Personal Papers and Correspondence, 1924-2000 Series II: Photographs and Photo Albums, 1915-1999 Series III: Restitution Papers, 1952-1975

Other Finding Aids

Previous finding aids in the form of descriptive notes remained attached to the material in the folders.

Related Materials

A book written by Egon Klein, son of Helene Klein and Eduard Urman, about the history of the Klein family was donated to the Leo Baeck Institute library.

Processing Information

Most of the collection materials were originally arranged in folders; some came with descriptive notes. These notes remained attached to the respective materials. Some papers were rearranged into different folders or series, some were moved to an oversized folder. These changes have been marked in the scope and content notes. All materials were rehoused in archival folders and boxes.

Friedlich and Urman Family Collection
Processed by Hannah Kemper
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the Leo Baeck Institute Repository

15 West 16th Street
New York NY 10011 United States