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Fraenkel – Neugarten Family Collection

Identifier: LBIJER 189

Scope and Contents

This collection comprises materials pertaining to the Fraenkel - Neugarten family. It contains not only personal documents such as university certificates or school reports, but also correspondence between members of the family focusing on their professional lives and the emigration of the Fraenkel family to Palestine in 1936. Additional documents relate to Adolf Fraenkel’s experiences in the First World War, and some material documenting the French occupation of the Rhineland after the war. In addition, the collection also reflects the academic work of the family and includes Adolf Fraenkel’s dissertation as well as drafts of the dissertation written by Trude Fraenkel’s sister and her own academic publication. The collection contains only a few documents pertaining to the time after the family’s migration to Palestine.


  • Creation: 1877-1983


Language of Materials

The collection is in German.

Conditions Governing Access

The collection has been digitized.

Conditions Governing Use

This collection is open to researchers.

Biographical / Historical

Ludwig Siegmund Neugarten, a wine merchant, was born on November 8, 1859 in Huckarde. He married Lina Neugarten (née Goldschmidt, born on March 3, 1865) in 1888. They had three daughters, Elsa (?-May 31, 1918), Trude Neugarten (May 17, 1894-2001) and Paula [?] Neugarten (1898 -1920). Elsa Neugarten studied art history and wrote her dissertation on Casper Schneider. She died in 1918 from influenza two weeks before her doctoral exam. Paula helped out in her father’s business. Trude Fraenkel (née Neugarten) studied medicine and worked until her marriage to Adolf Fraenkel as a physiological assistant to Prof. Bethe at Frankfurt University. The couple had two children: Gerd Fraenkel (December 25, 1919-?) and Kurt Fraenkel (February 11, 1924-?). In 1936 she followed her husband to Palestine after obtaining an immigration certificate from the British authorities. Before and after her migration Trude Fraenkel helped out in her husband physician’s clinic (1923-1962). Thereafter she worked as a medical librarian at the Sha’arei Zedek hospital. In 1996 Trude Fraenkel was made an honorary citizen of Jerusalem. She died on October 21, 2001 at the age of 107 at the Beit Horim Moses old age home in Jerusalem.

Adolf Fraenkel, a doctor of medicine, was born in Berlin in 1892. After studying architecture in Cambridge, Berlin and Munich he began to study medicine in Freiburg im Breisgau. After serving in the military hospital Feldlazarett Mainz during the First World War, he completed his studies in Frankfurt am Main in 1922 and opened a clinic in Mainz. After the revocation of his license in 1933 he emigrated to Palestine with his family and settled in Jerusalem. He continued practicing as a doctor in his clinic for ear, nose and throat diseases and in the Sha’arei Zedek General Hospital.


24 Folders


The collection contains materials pertaining to Fraenkel – Neugarten Family.


This collection is arranged in 4 series.

  1. Series I: Personal documents; 1881-1960
  2. Series II: Correspondence; 1910-1978
  3. Series III: Manuscripts; 1918-1934
  4. Series IV: Notebooks and various materials; 1877-1933
Processed by Meirav Reuveny
© 2020 Leo Baeck Institute
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the Leo Baeck Institute Repository

15 West 16th Street
New York NY 10011 United States