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Leopold Rosenak Collection

 Collection
Identifier: LBIJER 468

Scope and Content Note

Series I of the collection pertains to Rabbi Leopold Rosenak's work as a field chaplain during World War I in Kaunas (Kowno) in Lithuania. It contains manuscripts by Rosenak including a report on his work as field chaplain in 1915, private and official correspondence (letters, cables) with individuals and institutions such as "Ausschuss fuer fahrbare Kriegsbuechereien an der Front", Leo Baeck, "Hilfsverein der deutschen Juden", "Kriegsministerium" (Prussian War Office), "Kaiserlich Tuerkisches Generalkonsulat zu Bremen" (Turkish Consulate in Bremen), and Erich Ludendorff. The correspondence documents in particular his activities for the native Jewish population in Lithuania in particular regarding food supplies and education, his service as a field chaplain, and his efforts to support and supply libraries for Prussian soldiers. The series contains, furthermore, various certificates of L. Rosenak, a typescript by L. Hoppe, Protestant field chaplain, titled "Ein Ostermorgen im Grossen Hauptquartier" (typescript, 3 pp.), and flyers in German and Yiddish inviting to services of L. Rosenak in Lida.

Series II consists of materials pertaining Rosenak's efforts to fight anti-Semitism in the early 1920s. It includes letters by Erich Ludendorff and Paul v. Hindenburg to Rosenak, a typescript by an unidentified person titled "Hindenburg und die Juden. Eine Erinnerung an Leopold Rosenak" (2 pp.), and newspaper articles by Rosenak and others about anti-Semitism. The series also holds printed materials about girl trafficking by Rosenak and others.

Series III contains materials pertaining to L. Rosenak's death and its anniversaries, including a commemorative speech by Dr. Elb, member of the "Fraternitas Lodge" titled "Kaempfer, Mensch, Jude" (typescript, 3 pp.), letters of condolence by the "Israelitische Gemeinde Bremen" and others, obituaries from various newspaper and death notices, materials pertaining to L. Rosenak and his family including a letter by chief rabbi Joseph Carlebach about Rosenak and his charitable work from 1930, and correspondence pertaining to L. Rosenak's papers and their donation to the Leo Baeck Institute.

Dates

  • Creation: undated, 1902-1980

Creator

Language of Materials

This collection is in German, English, Yiddish.

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:

Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011

email: lbaeck@lbi.cjh.org

Biographical Note

Leopold Rosenak, a German rabbi, was born in Nadas (Hungary) in 1868. In 1897, he became the rabbi of the Jewish community of Bremen. During World War I he served as field chaplain of the Prussian army in Lithuania and was involved in supporting the local Jewish population. After 1918, Rosenak continued his charitable work for Eastern-European Jewish emigrants in Germany.

He was a member of the "Central-Verein deutscher Staatsbuerger juedischen Glaubens" and was active in the "Verein zur Abwehr des Antisemitismus".

He died at sea on his way from the US to Germany in 1923.

Extent

10 Folders

Abstract

Series I of the collection pertains to Rabbi Leopold Rosenak's work as a field chaplain during World War I in Kaunas (Kowno) in Lithuania. It contains manuscripts by Rosenak including a report on his work as field chaplain in 1915, private and official correspondence (letters, cables) with individuals and institutions such as "Ausschuss fuer fahrbare Kriegsbuechereien an der Front", Leo Baeck, "Hilfsverein der deutschen Juden", "Kriegsministerium" (Prussian War Office), "Kaiserlich Tuerkisches Generalkonsulat zu Bremen" (Turkish Consulate in Bremen), and Erich Ludendorff. The correspondence documents in particular his activities for the native Jewish population in Lithuania in particular regarding food supplies and education, his service as a field chaplain, and his efforts to support and supply libraries for Prussian soldiers. The series contains, furthermore, various certificates of L. Rosenak, a typescript by L. Hoppe, Protestant field chaplain, titled "Ein Ostermorgen im Grossen Hauptquartier" (typescript, 3 pp.), and flyers in German and Yiddish inviting to services of L. Rosenak in Lida.

Note

This collection is located at LBI Jerusalem. For information on accessing the collection please visit their website: http://www.leobaeck.org/

Title
Guide to the Leopold Rosenak Collection., 1902-1980; undated  LBIJER 468
Status
Completed
Author
Processed by LBI Staff
Date
© 2019
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English.

Repository Details

Part of the Leo Baeck Institute Repository

Contact:
15 West 16th Street
New York NY 10011 United States