Skip to main content

Rosa Traub Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25900

Scope and Contents

The collection focuses on the wartime experiences of Rosa Traub and some of her extended family members. Included are Rosa Traub’s diary from Camp de Gurs, a photocopy of her identity card, and her handwritten last will and testament. Other items in this collection include a letter petitioning the release of family members from the concentration camp, photo negatives of Albert Einstein, photocopies of official documents pertaining to the refugee status of Max Liebmann, and a concert program.

Dates

  • undated
  • 1920-1950s

Creator

Language of Materials

The collection is in German with some French.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011 email: lbaeck@lbi.cjh.org

Biographical / Historical

Rosa Traub was born on December 12, 1869 in Grötzingen, Germany. She lived in Karlsruhe until her forced deportation by the Gestapo. On October 21, 1940, Jews living in Baden and the surrounding region were deported to France as part of Operation Bürckel. Included in the Operation Bürckel round-up were Rosa Traub, her sisters Bertha and Ella, and niece Johanna Eva (Hanne) Hirsch. The family was put on a train from Germany to Orleans, France, where she had to wait several days before reaching the Gurs concentration camp in Southern France.

As a prisoner at Camp de Gurs, Rosa Traub recorded her daily experiences in a diary. Her sister Bertha died at Gurs in February 1941. Her niece, Hanne Hirsch began dating Max Liebmann, a young man from Mannheim, while imprisoned. In 1941, the Oeuvre de Secours aux Enfants (OSE) removed Hanne to a children’s home in Le Chambon sur Lignon with the permission of her mother. Max was taken to a working farm for young foreigners in Talluyers, also by the OSE, toward the end of June 1942.

On October 23, 1941, Rosa left Gurs, traveling by boat from Marseilles with stops at Casablanca, Morocco, and Bermuda before arriving and seeking refuge in Cuba. Unable to escape from Gurs, Rosa’s sister, Ella Hirsch was deported to Drancy and then murdered at Auschwitz in late 1942. In 1948, Rosa immigrated to the United States, where she reunited with Hanne who had been in hiding in France and Switzerland during the war, before getting married to Max Liebmann in 1945. Rosa Traub died in New York in 1969.

Extent

0.25 Linear Feet

Abstract

The collection focuses on the wartime experiences of Rosa Traub and some of her extended family members. Included are Rosa Traub’s diary from Camp de Gurs, a photocopy of her identity card, her handwritten last will and testament, and other items, such as documents pertaining to her nephew Max Liebmann and photo negatives of Albert Einstein.

Arrangement

The collection is arranged in two series:
  1. Series I: Rosa Traub, undated, 1920s-1950s
  2. Series II: Various, 1920, 1940s-1948
Title
Guide to the Papers of the Rosa Traub Family Collection
Author
Victoria Fernandez
Date
2020
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
Description is in English.

Repository Details

Part of the Leo Baeck Institute Repository

Contact:
15 West 16th Street
New York NY 10011 United States