Rosa Traub Family Collection
Scope and Contents
The collection focuses on the wartime experiences of Rosa Traub and some of her extended family members. Included are Rosa Traub’s diary from Camp de Gurs, a photocopy of her identity card, and her handwritten last will and testament. Other items in this collection include a letter petitioning the release of family members from the concentration camp, photo negatives of Albert Einstein, photocopies of official documents pertaining to the refugee status of Max Liebmann, and a concert program.
- Traub, Rosa, 1869-1969 (Person)
Language of Materials
The collection is in German with some French.
There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011 email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Biographical / Historical
Rosa Traub was born on December 12, 1869 in Grötzingen, Germany. She lived in Karlsruhe until her forced deportation by the Gestapo. On October 21, 1940, Jews living in Baden and the surrounding region were deported to France as part of Operation Bürckel. Included in the Operation Bürckel round-up were Rosa Traub, her sisters Bertha and Ella, and niece Johanna Eva (Hanne) Hirsch. The family was put on a train from Germany to Orleans, France, where she had to wait several days before reaching the Gurs concentration camp in Southern France.
As a prisoner at Camp de Gurs, Rosa Traub recorded her daily experiences in a diary. Her sister Bertha died at Gurs in February 1941. Her niece, Hanne Hirsch began dating Max Liebmann, a young man from Mannheim, while imprisoned. In 1941, the Oeuvre de Secours aux Enfants (OSE) removed Hanne to a children’s home in Le Chambon sur Lignon with the permission of her mother. Max was taken to a working farm for young foreigners in Talluyers, also by the OSE, toward the end of June 1942.
On October 23, 1941, Rosa left Gurs, traveling by boat from Marseilles with stops at Casablanca, Morocco, and Bermuda before arriving and seeking refuge in Cuba. Unable to escape from Gurs, Rosa’s sister, Ella Hirsch was deported to Drancy and then murdered at Auschwitz in late 1942. In 1948, Rosa immigrated to the United States, where she reunited with Hanne who had been in hiding in France and Switzerland during the war, before getting married to Max Liebmann in 1945. Rosa Traub died in New York in 1969.
0.25 Linear Feet
The collection focuses on the wartime experiences of Rosa Traub and some of her extended family members. Included are Rosa Traub’s diary from Camp de Gurs, a photocopy of her identity card, her handwritten last will and testament, and other items, such as documents pertaining to her nephew Max Liebmann and photo negatives of Albert Einstein.
The collection is arranged in two series:
- Series I: Rosa Traub, undated, 1920s-1950s
- Series II: Various, 1920, 1940s-1948
- Concentration camps
- Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955
- Gurs (Concentration camp)
- Hirsch, Isidor, 1882-
- Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- France
- Jewish refugees
- Jews -- Persecutions -- Germany
- Karlsruhe (Germany)
- Legal documents
- Liebmann, Johanna Eva
- Liebmann, Max K.
- Mannheim (Germany)
- Official documents
- Switzerland -- History -- 20th century
- Switzerland. Armée
- United States -- Emigration and immigration
- Zentralleitung der Arbeitslager (Zürich)
- Guide to the Papers of the Rosa Traub Family Collection
- Victoria Fernandez
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- Description is in English.