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Moritz Schweizer Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 11789

Scope and Content Note

The collection contains documentation of the life of Moritz Schweizer, particularly his persecution during World War II. Included in the collection is a diary excerpt listing concentration camp victims he buried after his liberation; correspondence; documents pertaining to his emigration from Germany to Amsterdam; documents pertaining to his internment in Westerbork and Bergen-Belsen; information kept by Schweizer on children in the orphanage at Bergen-Belsen; and letters of sympathy to his wife after his death.

Folder 1 contains an excerpt from Moritz Schweizer's diary dated April 1945, in which he recorded the names of people he buried in Tröbitz after his liberation from Bergen-Belsen, along with their birth dates, natonalities, death dates, and burial dates. Also included are two newspaper articles about the diary.

Folder 2 contains documentation of Moritz Schweizer's experiences and persecution during World War II, including correspondence; documents pertaining to his emigration from Germany to Amsterdam; identity card issued to Schweizer by the Zentralstelle fur jüdische Auswanderung Amsterdam; card documenting his transport from Westerbork to Bergen-Belsen; document certifying that he was on a transport from Bergen-Belsen that was liberated by Soviet troops; displaced persons registration record filled out by Schweizer; photograph of a transport leaving Bergen-Belsen for Auschwitz; and several Jewish stars.

Folder 3 contains photocopies of Moris Schweizer's card files of children in the orphanage at Westerbork, including children's names and birth dates, along with some notes on their families.

Folder 4 contains photocopies of letters of sympathy written to Moritz Schweizer's wife Inge Schweizer after his death. Also included are obituaries for Moritz Schweizer and several speeches about him.

Dates

  • undated, 1939-1988

Creator

Language of Materials

This collection is in German and English.

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Access Information

Collection is digitized. Follow the links in the Container List to access the digitized materials.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:

Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011

email: lbaeck@lbi.cjh.org

Biographical Note

Moritz Schweizer was born on August 13, 1900, in Euskirchen. After escaping to Amsterdam, Schweizer worked for the Joodsche Raad. He was deported to Westerbork, where he was in charge of the Orphanage Home in Westerbork before his deportation to Bergen-Belsen. Schweizer was liberated by Soviet troops in the village of Tröbitz while on a transport from Bergen-Belsen to another camp. After the liberation, Schweizer organized the burial of approximately 150 victims on April 27, 1945, in the village of Tröbitz. He kept a diary in which he listed the names of the victims. Moritz Schweizer died he died on November 16, 1982, in Miami Beach.

Extent

4 Folders

Abstract

The collection contains documentation of the life of Moritz Schweizer, particularly his persecution during World War II. Included in the collection is a diary excerpt listing concentration camp victims he buried after his liberation; correspondence; documents pertaining to his emigration from Germany to Amsterdam; documents pertaining to his internment in Westerbork and Bergen-Belsen; information kept by Schweizer on children in the orphanage at Bergen-Belsen; and letters of sympathy to his wife after his death.

Separated Material

Guide for Visitors to the Belsen Memorial has been removed to the LBI Library
Title
Guide to the Moritz Schweizer Collection, undated, 1939-1988  AR 11789
Status
In Progress
Author
Processed by Sarah Glover
Date
© 2013
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English.

Revision Statements

  • July 2015:: dao links added by Emily Andresini.

Repository Details

Part of the Leo Baeck Institute Repository

Contact:
15 West 16th Street
New York NY 10011 United States