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Max and Lola Gruenthal Collection

Identifier: AR 25164

Scope and Content Note

The Max and Lola Gruenthal Collection holds the papers of this husband and wife, with the focus of the collection on Lola Gruenthal and her work as a translator and author. The collection is largely comprised of correspondence, manuscripts and drafts of writing and translations, and restricted medical files, but it also includes many notes, diaries, clippings, and a few photographs and personal papers.

A significant amount of correspondence is present in this collection. Much of this is letters between Max and Lola Gruenthal prior to their marriage, located in Series I. This correspondence is primarily personal. The first subseries of Series II holds the correspondence of Lola Gruenthal, also largely personal but containing some correspondence of publishers. A small amount of professional correspondence, including letters of recommendations and requests for employment, is located in Subseries 2 of Series II.

Lola Gruenthal's writing, including her translations, comprise a substantial part of this collection; much of these papers are located in Subseries 3 of Series II. Included are drafts of her poetry and other creative writing as well as drafts of translations and related notes and research material. Diaries, present in her personal papers in Subseries 2, also mention her written work.

Series III holds the medical files of the psychiatrist Max Gruenthal along with his correspondence with patients. This series is restricted.


  • 1880-2003
  • Majority of material found within 1936-1990


Language of Materials

The collection is in German, English, and French.

Access Restrictions

The medical files in box 4 are restricted.

Access Information

Readers may access the collection by visiting the Lillian Goldman Reading Room at the Center for Jewish History. We recommend reserving the collection in advance; please visit the LBI Online Catalog and click on the "Request" button.

Use Restrictions

The medical files in box 4 are restricted. For more information, contact:

Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011


Biographical Note

Clara Lore (Lorette) "Lola" Gruenthal (née Braunstein/ Bronstein) was born in 1914 in Berlin, where she grew up in a Russian-Jewish family. In 1937 she came to New York via Ellis Island as an "illegal immigrant" and later immigrated to the United States via Cuba under the German quota. She studied psychology and psycho-diagnostic testing at New York University and Columbia University. She worked as a secretary and also as a psychological research assistant, as well as writing her own poetry and short stories. Her early poetry was published in Blätter des jüdischen Kulturbunds in Germany and other Jewish journals. In the United States she began to publish mainly English translations of poetry and prose, such as Rainer Maria Rilke's Evald Tragy, among many others. She also translated from English into German, especially Emily Dickinson's poetry. She was a co-editor of Frauenfahrplan, a collection of writings by members of WIG (Women in German). Occasionally she was published under the pseudonym "Lola Boerner." Lola Gruenthal maintained extensive correspondence with many well-known individuals such as Walter Bräutigam, Christina Malman, and Lucille Nawara.

Max Gruenthal was born in Germany and earned his medical degree in 1916 from the University of Berlin. In the mid-1930s he immigrated to New York, where he established his psychiatric practice; in 1945 he and Lola were married. He and Lola Gruenthal had three sons. Max Gruenthal counted several well-known individuals among his patients. He died in 1962 in New York City.


4 Linear Feet


This collection holds the papers of the psychiatrist Max Gruenthal and his wife Lola, an author and translator. Documentation on their early years together and her literary efforts comprise the dominant subjects of the collection. The collection is composed of correspondence, manuscripts, diaries, restricted medical files, notes, clippings and articles, and a small amount of personal papers and photographs.


The collection is on twelve reels of microfilm (MF 988):

  1. Reel 1: 1/1 - 1/5
  2. Reel 2: 1/6 - 1/8
  3. Reel 3: 1/9 - 1/14
  4. Reel 4: 1/15 - 2/1
  5. Reel 5: 2/2 - 2/8
  6. Reel 6: 2/9 - 2/19
  7. Reel 7: 2/20 - 3/5
  8. Reel 8: 3/6 - 3/16
  9. Reel 9: 3/17 - 3/33
  10. Reel 10: 3/34 - 4/9
  11. Reel 11: 4/10 - 4/21
  12. Reel 12: 4/22 - 4/36

Related Material

A small collection of letters of Lola Gruenthal is available in AR 4600; it includes several letters with well-known individuals.

Processing Information

In 2008, the previous Series IV: Addenda was integrated into Series II: Lola Gruenthal.

In 2009 the collection was re-processed in preparation of the EAD finding aid and eventual microfilming. The order of folders within series were rearranged at this time. In addition, description was also added to the finding aid and some preservation actions were taken.

Guide to the Papers of Max (?-1962) and Lola (1914-?) Gruenthal 1880-2003 AR 25164 / MF 988
Processed by Dianne Ritchey, Philippe Renoirte, and other LBI Staff
© 2009
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Description is in English.
Edition statement
This version was derived from MaxLolaGruenthal.xml

Revision Statements

  • November 2009.: Microfilm inventory added.
  • 2010-06-09 : Encoding of linking to digital objects from finding aid was changed from <extref> to <dao> through dao_conv.xsl

Repository Details

Part of the Leo Baeck Institute Repository

15 West 16th Street
New York NY 10011 United States