Joseph Loewenherz Collection
Scope and Content Note
The collection documents Joseph Löwenherz's activities as the head of the Israelitische Kultusgemeinde Wien and his interactions with the Zentralstelle für Jüdische Auswanderung and the Gestapo Hauptamt in Vienna.
The collection is divided into four series, the first two series dealing specifically with the carbon copies of memos (Aktennotizen) of meetings between the Zentralstelle, the Gestapo, and the Kultusgemeinde. Joseph Löwenherz submitted the original memos to Adolf Eichmann's office and kept carbon copies for the Kultusgemeinde. These copies helped to convict Adolf Eichmann when he was brought to trial in Israel in 1961.
Series I contains the carbon copies of the memos while Series II contains an activity report by Joseph Löwenherz elaborating on meetings held from September 1939-August 1940.
Series III contains correspondence between Joseph Löwenherz and his son Siegmund. The correspondence was written between 1939 and 1941 when Joseph Löwenherz attended meetings in several European cities concerning the mass repatriation of Jewish citizens out of Europe. Also included are post-war items including correspondence and documents relating to the Adolf Eichmann trial of 1961, including a draft set of answers from Joseph Löwenherz concerning Adolf Eichmann.
Series IV consists of correspondence written from Sofie Löwenherz to her son Siegmund and other relatives from 1939 to 1941 and a letter from May 1945 to her husband, who was arrested by the Red Army that month.
- Löwenherz, Josef Israel (Person)
Language of Materials
This collection is in German.
Open to researchers.
Collection is digitized. Follow the links in the Container List to access the digitized materials.
There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:
Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011
Joseph Löwenherz was born in 1884 as the son of a noted Jewish family in Galicia. During his years of study at the university of Lemberg (then Galicia; now L'viv, Ukraine) he belonged to the Zionist student fraternity and was later active in Zionist organizations in Galicia. He was a delegate to the 10th through the 15th Zionist Congresses. After the First World War he worked as a lawyer in Vienna. From 1924 to 1937 he served as the vice president of the Israelitische Kultusgemeinde (Jewish community) in Vienna. In 1937 Joseph Löwenherz was elected director general and first secretary of the Kultusgemeinde. In this position, he had to interact with both to the Zentralstelle für Jüdische Auswanderung (Central Office for Jewish Emigration) and the Gestapo Hauptamt (Gestapo Headquarters) in Vienna.
With official German authorization, Joseph Löwenherz visited Lisbon (apparently in 1940 or 1941) to meet with representatives of the World Jewish Congress, including Dr. Parlas, secretary to Chaim Weizmann, and financial affairs director Tropper. Joseph Löwenherz tried to negotiate an agreement for mass emigration of Jews from German-controlled Europe.
In May 1945, Joseph Löwenherz was arrested by the Red Army on charges of collaboration with the National Socialist Party and deported to Czechoslovakia where he was kept for 3 months. Joseph Löwenherz presented himself to an honor court in London in 1946, which cleared him of all charges of collaboration. He immigrated with his wife Sofie (née Schoenfeld) to the United States via Switzerland and Great Britain in 1945. He died in 1960.
Joseph Löwenherz's son Siegmund changed his last name to Levarie, the literal Hebrew translation of Löwenherz. He became a music teacher and historian.
0.25 Linear Feet
The collection documents Joseph Löwenherz's activities as the head of Jewish community in Vienna, Austria and his interactions with the Zentralstelle für Jüdische Auswanderung and Gestapo Hauptamt in Vienna. It contains copies of the memos and other reports Joseph Löwenherz had to submit to the Zentralstelle and the Gestapo, which were used as evidence in Adolf Eichmann's trial. Also included are documents and correspondence related to the Eichmann trial as well as correspondence between Löwenherz and his son written between 1939 and 1941 during his travels to several European cities, where he attended meetings concerning the mass repatriation of Jewish citizens out of Europe.
The collection is arranged into four series:
Collection is microfilmed (MF 546).
- Guide to the Papers of Joseph Löwenherz (1884-1960), 1938-1960 AR 25055 / MF 546
- Processed by Renate Evers
- © 2002
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- Description is in English.
- Edition statement
- This version was derived from JLoewenherz02.xml
- September 2004.: Converted to ead 2002. Revised as JLoewenherz02.xml by Dianne Ritchey Oummia. Removed deprecated elements and attributes, updated repository codes, added language codes, changed doctype declaration, etc.
- March 2005.: Access points added by Dianne Ritchey Oummia.
- January 2006.: Entities removed from EAD finding aid.
- December 2008.: Microfilm call number added. External links added.
- March 27, 2012 : Links to digital objects added in Container List.