HIAS-ICA Emigration Association HICEM Collection
Scope and Content Note
The collection consists entirely of photocopies of materials created by or for HICEM in its efforts to support the emigration of European Jewish refugees in the 1930s and 1940s. Included are minutes, correspondence, and other administrative records as well as copies of records from HICEM, HIAS, and ICA. Also included are reports and correspondence from the Hilfsverein der Juden in Deutschland, the Berliner Hilfsverein, the Fürsorge-Zentrale der Israelitischen Kultusgemeinde Wien, the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, and individual emigration consultants (Auswanderungsberater).
This collection was donated by the estate of Dr. Max Kreutzberger, former director of the Leo Baeck Institute.
- 1933-1943, circa 1979
Language of Materials
The collection is in German, English, and French.
This collection is open to researchers.
The HIAS-ICA Emigration Association HICEM was founded in 1927 to assist European Jews with emigration. It was created by the New York-based Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society (HIAS) for emigration outside of the US and the Jewish Colonization Association ICA, a Paris-based British charitable society. Also joining was the Berlin-based emigration organization Emig-Direkt. HICEM focused on assisting Jews in Nazi-controlled areas to emigrate to Western Europe and South America. The organization was based in Paris until the Nazis invaded France, at which point it relocated to Portugal, where it organized the emigration of refugees through the neutral port of Lisbon. Starting in 1940, HICEM worked with the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, which also had offices in Portugal at the time. By the end of World War II, HICEM had helped some 90,000 Jewish refugees to emigrate.
Yad Vashem. “HICEM.” Shoah Resource Center. Web. 19 Nov. 2013.
Ardoin, Morris. "Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society." Encyclopaedia Judaica. Ed. Michael Berenbaum and Fred Skolnik. 2nd ed. Vol. 8. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007. 620. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 19 Nov. 2013.
0.25 Linear Feet
This collection contains records of the HIAS-ICA Emigration Association HICEM, an organization that supported the emigration of European Jews. It was created in 1927 by the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society (HIAS), the Jewish Colonization Association (ICA), and Emig-Direkt. Materials include minutes, correspondence, administrative records, and reports on the situation of Jews in various parts of Europe.
The collection is arranged chronologically.
The collection was digitized and made accessible in its entirety.
Materials were rehoused into acid-free folders and an acid-free box. Duplicates were removed.
- Administrative records
- Europe -- Emigration and immigration
- Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society (1880-1909)
- Hias-Ica Emigration Association
- Jewish Colonization Association
- Latin America -- Emigration and immigration
- Minutes (administrative records)
- Paris (France)
- Vienna (Austria)
- World War, 1939-1945 -- Civilian relief
- Guide to the HIAS-ICA Emigration Association HICEM Collection 1933-1943, circa 1979 AR 4729
- Processed by Leanora Lange
- © 2013
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- Description is in English.
- Processing made possible by the Leon Levy Foundation and the Conference on Jewish Material Claims against Germany. Digitization made possible by the Conference on Jewish Material Claims against Germany.
- March 2015: dao links and digitization information added by Leanora Lange.