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Eduard Strauss Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 7192

Scope and Contents

This collection consists of two donations. Most of the material was donated by Beatrice Strauss, Eduard Strauss's widow. This is partially documented in subseries 3 of Series I. The remainder was donated by Carola S. Trier, Eduard Strauss's daughter, which is fragmentarily documented in subseries 2 of the same series. The bulk of the collection consists of manuscripts, published articles and correspondence with friends and colleagues.

Series I: This series contains personal items, e.g. diaries, notes, certificates of degree, and testimonials. Eduard Strauss's correspondence during World War I is also included. Another part is formed by material of activities in the lodges. The subseries 2 and 3 deal with items related to Eduard Strauss's relatives.

Series II: Consists of correspondence. In subseries 1, individual correspondents are listed alphabetically. The content of the letters is twofold, personal and professional. The letters which are job-related deal mostly with manuscripts and their editing, proof-reading, and their ideas, etc. Unidentified letters are to be found at the very end (listed as Zz-Others). Subseries 2 is formed by the letters of congratulations which Eduard Strauss received for special birthdays.

Series III: This series contains Eduard Strauss's writings, which are divided into manuscripts and published articles. The manuscripts comprise almost three linear feet, including a lot of materials and fragments, typewritten and handwritten. Some of them are drafts of published articles, some are notes on certain topics, some are outlines of lectures held at the Freies Juedisches Lehrhaus in Frankfurt or elsewhere.

Series IV: This series is named after Franz Rosenzweig. It includes writings by Eduard Strauss concerning Rosenzweig's ideas, obituaries for Rosenzweig and writings by Rosenzweig himself. There are two short letters by Franz Rosenzweig to Eduard Strauss.

Series V: Consists of writings by persons other than Eduard Strauss or Franz Rosenzweig or Strauss's family members. Erich Kahler's and Stephen S. Schwarzschild's writings deal with Jewish topics. A printed article by Martin Buber is also included.

Dates

  • 1854-1988

Creator

Language of Materials

The records are in German, English, and Latin.

Restrictions on Access

Open to researchers.

Restrictions on Use

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:

Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY, 10011

email: lbaeck@lbi.cjh.org

Biographical Note

Born in Kreuznach on February 18, 1876, Eduard Strauss was a chemist and philosopher. His parents were Heinrich Strauss and Viktoria Strauss (née Nathan). At the age of 16 Eduard Strauss moved to Frankfurt/Main where he obtained his university-entrance diploma in 1895. He studied chemistry, physics and botany at the universities of Bonn, Munich and Berlin. After receiving his doctorate in chemistry at the University of Berlin in 1899, he worked in Munich with Karl A. Hofmann (who discovered radioactive lead in 1900) and others. He also continued his studies and took classes in medicine. He passed a public examination as a nutritional chemist and became assistant to Professor Hilger at the Institute of Applied Chemistry in Munich. In 1905, he returned to Berlin, but soon moved to Frankfurt/Main, where he married Beatrice Rosenberg in 1907. They had two children, Elizabeth (born 1908?) and Carola (born 1913). In Frankfurt he worked in several clinical institutions as a chemist.

His professional career was interrupted by his service in World War I. From the beginnings in 1920 to the early end in 1938, Eduard Strauss taught at the Freies Juedisches Lehrhaus in Frankfurt/Main, which was established by Franz Rosenzweig in 1920. Eduard Strauss was member of the directorate and as an institution for adult education and beyond, his weekly lectures on the Holy Scripture were highly appreciated.

In the year 1935, Eduard Strauss's research was suspended when he was dismissed due to the racial laws from the Georg-Speyer-Haus, a chemotherapeutical institute. He continued performing his duties in the Jewish congregation, which consisted mostly of writing articles for their newspaper, and stayed in Frankfurt am Main until 1938. In June of this year, he immigrated with his family to Italy. In December, he had to leave Italy and immigrated to the United States via Havana, Cuba, which was facilitated by the fact that his wife was an American citizen. Eduard Strauss obtained American citizenship in 1943.

Upon his arrival in New York he immediately started working at Beth David Hospital. Later he worked at the Coster Research Laboratories, at Crown Heights Hospital and the Chemistry Department of New York University.

Eduard Strauss was well known especially in the Jewish communities of Frankfurt and later New York for his dedication to teaching Jews and non-Jews in philosophical, biblical, theological and Jewish questions. He was an active member of the Jewish congregation of Frankfurt and later of the Jewish congregation Habonim of New York. He helped establishing a new "Lehrhaus" in New York, which was founded as Lehrhaus Franz Rosenzweig in 1939.

Besides his teaching activities, Eduard Strauss wrote many newspaper articles, some for the Frankfurter Zeitung, but mostly for Jewish papers like the Frankfurter Israelitisches Gemeindeblatt, the Morgen, and later in New York for the Aufbau and the Bulletin Habonim. Most of his articles consist of written forms of his lectures, for example in Martin Buber's monthly Der Jude. He also published scientific works as a chemist.

Eduard Strauss died in New York City on August 23, 1952.

Extent

6 Linear Feet

Abstract

This collection contains the writings and correspondence of Eduard Strauss. Strauss was a chemist and philosopher who taught at the Freies Juedisches Lehrhaus in Frankfurt am Main and later immigrated to New York, where he helped establish a new Lehrhaus.

Microfilm

This collection is available on fourteen reels of microfilm.
  1. Reel 1: 1/0-1/15
  2. Reel 2: 1/16-1/24
  3. Reel 3: 1/25-2/38
  4. Reel 4: 2/39-3/6
  5. Reel 5: 3/7-3/34
  6. Reel 6: 3/35-3/53
  7. Reel 7: 3/54-4/2
  8. Reel 8: 4/3-4/10
  9. Reel 9: 4/10d-4/31
  10. Reel 10: 4/32-5/1
  11. Reel 11: 5/2-5/13
  12. Reel 12: 5/14-5/35
  13. Reel 13: 5/36-6/60
  14. Reel 14: 6/61-6/87

Related Material

The Franz Rosenzweig Collection at the Leo Baeck Archives (AR 3001)

Separated material

One photograph was removed and placed in the Photograph Collection at the LBI Archives.

Processing Information

This collection was reprocessed by Sebastian Meiners in January-March 2005 to reflect the addition of circa 2 linear feet of addenda included since the creation of the original finding aid.
Title
Guide to the Papers of the Eduard Strauss (1876-1952), 1854-1988 AR 7192 / MF 703
Author
Processed by Sebastian Meiners
Date
© 2005
Language of description
English
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note
Description is in English.

Revision Statements

  • 2010-03-23 : encoding of linking to digital objects from finding aid was changed from <extref> to <dao> through dao_conv.xsl

Repository Details

Part of the Leo Baeck Institute Repository

Contact:
15 West 16th Street
New York NY 10011 United States