Gaby Glueckselig Collection
Scope and Content Note
The Gabrielle Glueckselig Collection centers on the personal and professional lives of Gaby and Fritz Glueckselig. Focal points of the collection include the literary work of Fritz Glueckselig, Gaby's hosting of the German-language club "Stammtisch," their families, and the extensive friendships formed by the couple. The collection includes extensive correspondence, drafts of Fritz Glueckselig's writing, and photographs and photo albums. Other documents include official documents of Gaby, Fritz and some family members; sketches including of Gaby's jewelry designs; a few scrapbooks, drafts of other authors' works; and other materials.
In this finding aid Gabrielle (Gabriele) and Frederick (Friederich) Glueckselig will be referred to as Gaby and Fritz as they nearly always used the shortened forms of their names, including on some official documents. Fritz is often referred to be his nom de plume, Friedrich Bergammer, especially in the collection's correspondence. Gaby is sometimes referred to as Gabriele Bergammer, usually in documentation relating to the posthumous publication of Fritz's work.
The personal papers of the couple will be found in Series I. Such documents include biographical information about them, official documents and documentation of their family members, and papers relating to Gaby's early life prior to coming to the United States. Other evidence of the couple's personal lives as well as of their families, including their childhoods, can be seen among the numerous photographs of Series VI.
A large focus of this collection is on the literary career of the poet Fritz Glueckselig as Friedrich Bergammer. Series IV holds the drafts of his writings along with articles and reviews of it, while Series II contains his correspondence with other authors and publishers. Such correspondence documents his literary friendships as well as the efforts to publish his writing. The correspondence also provides evidence of Gaby Glueckselig's continued efforts to see his work published after his death. The writing of other authors he knew, including of friends, will be found in Series V. A scrapbook about Fritz Glueckselig's literary work during the 1940s is present in Series VI.
Series III contains material related to Gaby Glueckselig's employment as a jewelry designer, which is also evidenced in the many photographs of Series VI. Documentation of her role as the weekly hostess of the German-language club Stammtisch can be found in the third subseries of Series I as well as among the photographs in Series VI, including greetings and photographs that show the younger additions to the Stammtisch in its later years.
Evidence of trips taken by Gaby Glueckselig, and to a smaller extent by her with Fritz, will be seen in the photographs of Series VI as well as Subseries 4 of Series I. Among these are many photos of trips to Europe as well as documentation of Gaby's trips to Wiesbaden. Related is also a scrapbook in Subseries 3 of Series VI.
- Creation: 1873-2015
- Creation: Majority of material found within 1930s-2000s
Language of Materials
The collection is primarily in German, English, and French.
Open to researchers.
Collection is digitized. Follow the links in the Container List to access the digitized materials.
There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:
Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011
Biographical Note<extptr actuate="onload" altrender="Gaby and Fritz Glueckselig" href="http://digital.cjh.org/webclient/DeliveryManager?pid=3718348" show="embed" title="Gaby and Fritz Glueckselig"/>
Gabriele Bertha Netter was born on April 30, 1914 in Wiesbaden, the eldest daughter of Bruno and Anna (née Herz) Netter, who owned the Julius Herz jewelry store in Wiesbaden. The Netter and Herz families had been in the jewelry business in Wiesbaden for generations since Gaby's great-grandfather founded his store there in 1843. Gaby had one younger sister, Doris.
After graduation from school (the Städtische realgymnasiale Studienanstalt Wiesbaden) Gaby spent six months at a boarding school in Switzerland. Although she had an interest in studying art history, it was impossible in Nazi Germany, so she trained to be a goldsmith in Pforzheim, continuing the family jewelry tradition. In April 1938 she traveled to the United States, where her father's cousins lived, with her parents to explore the potential of opening a jewelry business there. In September 1938 she left for the United States. On November 10, 1938 her parents' store was destroyed and her father Bruno Netter was arrested and taken to the Buchenwald concentration camp. After his release, Bruno, Anna, and Doris Netter fled to Luxembourg, where they stayed until February 1940, when they departed to join Gaby in the United States. Gaby held various positions in jewelry shops in her first months in New York City. In January 1939 she first met Friedrich (Fritz) Glueckselig, a recent arrival from Vienna, Austria.
Fritz Glueckselig was born December 19, 1909 in Vienna. He was the son of Max and Pauline (née Weiner) Glueckselig and had a younger brother, Leo. His father was an antique dealer and had a store, Josef Glueckselig & Sohn, in Vienna. Fritz became a poet who used the nom de plume Friedrich Bergammer; his first volume of poetry was published at the age of 16, Aus meiner Einsamkeit. Fritz had a love of art, and after graduating from school, he lived in Paris from 1926-1931 in order to further his education in the art and antique trade. Thereafter he returned to Vienna to work as an art dealer and expert. His poetry continued to be published in collections assembled by individuals such as his lifelong friend Ernst Schönwiese, Hermann Hakel, and Hanns Meyer (later Jean Ámery). Although at first arrested with his brother Leo during an attempt to leave Europe in 1938, they were eventually able to emigrate, arriving in New York on New Year's Eve 1938.
On January 31, 1942 Gaby Netter married Fritz Glueckselig. In 1944 the couple became American citizens, changing the spelling of their names to Gabrielle and Frederick. Fritz Glueckselig was unable to serve in World War II due to a congenital nerve disorder that caused a tremor in his hands, and instead assisted his father in the running of the Max Glueckselig & Son antique shop, originally located on 57th Street and later on Madison Avenue. Meanwhile, Gaby Glueckselig found a position designing jewelry at the firm Art Carved (then called J.R. Wood).
In 1943 Fritz Glueckselig's poetry appeared in the volume War Poems of the United Nations. Starting in the late 1940s with the reemergence of postwar publishing in Austria, Fritz's work again appeared in Austrian publications such as Ernst Schönwiese's Das Silberboot as well as in anthologies such as Stimmen der Gegenwart (1954), Tür an Tür (1955), and in Hermann Hakel's publication Lynkeus. Assisted by friends such as Ernst Schönwiese in Vienna, Fritz's work was published in Austria beginning in 1955 with the second volume of his own poetry, Von Mensch zu Mensch. This work was followed by others: Die Fahrt der Blätter in 1959 and Flügelschläge in 1971.
During the postwar years Fritz and Gaby Glueckselig participated in the life of the German-speaking émigré community in New York City, to which many of their friends belonged. Such activities included attending events at the Austrian Forum and belonging to the German-language club Stammtisch founded by the exiled writers Oskar Maria Graf and George Harry Asher in 1943 and attended by many other German- or Austrian-born writers as well as those with an interest in art and literature. Stammtisch originally met in restaurants and cafés in the Yorkville neighborhood of Manhattan before moving to the apartment of George Asher in 1967. Fritz, who since his arrival in New York had missed the literary friends of his earlier years in Vienna, was a frequent participant. Gaby often attended as well.
In 1959 Fritz and Gaby returned to Europe to visit Austria and Wiesbaden, along with Switzerland and Italy. Gaby visited her birthplace of Wiesbaden nearly annually for many years. Many of the Glueckseligs' summers included a visit to Monhegan Island in Maine, which inspired some of Fritz's poetry. In 1980 Fritz reIn summer 1981 Fritz's book Momentaufnahmen was published. In October 1981, he died suddenly.
Following Fritz's death two volumes assembled by Gaby Glueckselig (as Gabriele Bergammer) and Ernst Schönwiese from unpublished poems in Fritz's literary estate were published: Die vorletzte Stummheit (1984) and Die Kramschachtel (1991).
In 1988 Stammtisch moved to Gaby Glueckselig's apartment, gathering younger German speakers and visitors over the years; she continued to host it every Wednesday evening for the rest of her life. After her retirement from designing jewelry at Art Carved in 1990, Gaby volunteered for many years at the Leo Baeck Institute. Although at first she worked on archival collections, she then moved to cataloging photographs, which she did for many years.
In 2004 Gaby Glueckselig was honored by her birthplace of Wiesbaden with the awarding of the city's Bürgermedaille in Gold (Citizen medal in Gold). Gaby Glueckselig passed away on April 22, 2015.
15.5 Linear Feet
The Gabrielle Glueckselig Collection centers on the personal and professional lives of Gaby and her husband Fritz Glueckselig. This collection documents many facets of the couple's lives, including their professional work, friendships, and families. A large focus is on the literary work of Fritz Glueckselig, Gaby's hosting of the German-language Stammtisch (originally founded by Oskar Maria Graf and George Harry Asher), and their families, but many other aspects of their lives are also documented here. The bulk of the collection consists of their correspondence, drafts of Fritz Glueckselig's writing, and a large amount of photographs and photo albums. Other documents include official documents of Gaby, Fritz and some family members; sketches including of Gaby's jewelry designs; a few scrapbooks; drafts of other authors' works; and other materials.
The collection is arranged in six series in the following manner:
- Series I: Personal and Family Papers, 1873-2015
- Subseries 1: Personal Papers of Gabrielle and Fritz Glueckselig, 1909-2014
- Subseries 2: Family Papers, 1873-2003
- Subseries 3: Stammtisch, 1945-1956, 1990-2015
- Subseries 4: Travel Material, 1989-2004
- Subseries 5: Index Cards of Library, undated
- Subseries 6: Financial and Legal Documentation, 1994-2014
- Series II: Correspondence of Gabrielle and Fritz Glueckselig, 1912, 1925-2015
- Subseries 1: Alphabetical Correspondence and Subject Files, 1938-2007
- Subseries 2: General Correspondence, 1912, 1925-2015
- Series III: Professional Work of Gaby Glueckselig, undated, 1991
- Series IV: Literary Work of Fritz Glueckselig (Friedrich Bergammer), undated, 1941-1973
- Subseries 1: Drafts, undated, 1941-1992
- Subseries 2: Articles about Fritz Glueckselig and his Work, 1943-1981, 2001
- Series V: Literary and Creative Work by Others, 1928-1999
- Subseries 1: By Specific Individuals, 1932-1999
- Subseries 2: Unidentified Authors and Other Articles, 1928-1998
- Series VI: Visual Material, 1900-2008
- Subseries 1: Photographs 1900-2008
- Subseries 2: Photo Albums 1912-2000s
- Subseries 3: Scrapbooks 1945-1949
- Subseries 4: Artwork and Other Items undated, 1940s-1959
During the processing of the archival collection, some items were removed from the archival collection. Books were removed from the archival collection to the LBI Library, with photocopies of title pages of the removed books retained in the collection.
Some CDs, DVDs, and a 3.5" floppy disk were removed to the LBI Audiovisual Collection. Included is a DVD documentary of Gaby Glueckselig's life, "That's Inside Me," which consists of Gaby discussing her life along with views of her visiting Wiesbaden and working at the Leo Baeck Institute. In addition to discussing her life and family history, this film provides information on the émigré community in New York City, Stammtisch, and the Leo Baeck Institute. A CD includes a audio recording of Gaby Glueckselig's one-hundredth birthday.
The collection did not include much evidence of original order, therefore order was imposed during the processing of the archival collection. The exception to this is the first subseries of Series II: Correspondence. Multiple efforts to organize the correspondence alphabetically were clear, likely by Gaby Glueckselig, and therefore the arrangement of this subseries reflects these efforts.
Duplicate documents were removed from the collection, as were cancelled checks. Photographs were removed from some photo albums, with any identification of photographs retained in the collection.
- Bergammer, Friedrich, 1909-1981 (Person)
- Glückselig, Leo, 1914- (Person)
- Schönwiese, Ernst, 1905-1991 (Person)
- Bergammer, Gabriele (Person)
- Netter, Anna, 1892- (Person)
- Netter, Bruno, 1881- (Person)
- Netter family (Family)
- Glueckselig family (Family)
- Herz family (Family)
- Stammtisch (New York, N.Y.) (Organization)
Genre / Form
- Card indexes
- clippings (information artifacts)
- Genealogical tables
- Lists (document genres)
- manuscripts (documents)
- Photograph albums
- Guide to the Papers of Gaby Glueckselig 1873-2015 AR 25602
- Processed by Dianne Ritchey and LBI Staff
- © 2016
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- Description is in English.
- The Leo Baeck Institute DigiBaeck project was supported in part by funds from the Metropolitan New York Library Council (METRO) through the New York State Regional Bibliographic Databases Program.
- Edition statement
- This version was derived from GabyGlueckselig.xml
- January 2019:: Links to digital objects added in Container List.