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Rose Auslaender Manuscript Collection

Identifier: AR 25487

Scope and Content Note

The Rose Auslaender Manuscript Collection consists of drafts of the poet's work and some correspondence with a publisher regarding it. The collection consists of numerous drafts of her German and English poetry, some prose, correspondence and a few lists.

Series I contains published correspondence between Helmut Braun and Rose Auslaender's brother Max Scherzer. The focus of this correspondence is the assembly and eventual publication of her poems, and for this reason the letters include extensive lists of her work. With the correspondence is also a speech given by Auslaender upon notification of her 1984 award by the Bavarian Academy of Art.

The bulk of the collection will be found in Series II, which holds Auslaender's literary work. Most of this series consists of drafts of German and English poetry in varying stages of completion. Many of the drafts include Auslaender's handwritten changes as the poems progressed toward their final form. The poems cover a multitude of subjects and themes, among them reflections on places where she resided, including New York City and Czernowitz. Aspects of nature, such as plants, animals and weather occurrences are additional features in many of her poems. One folder of this series contains a small amount of Auslaender's prose, among its contents an essay on the creative challenges that face a bilingual poet, a report on Czernowitz, and an autobiographical sketch.


  • 1981-2002
  • Majority of material found within 1982


Language of Materials

The collection is in German and English.

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Access Information

Collection is digitized. Follow the links in the Container List to access the digitized materials.

Use Restrictions

Copyrights are now and will continue to be held by the 'Rose Auslaender Gesellschaft,' Helmut Braun, Fischer Verlag, etc. in Germany. For more information, contact:

Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011


Biographical Note

Rose Ausländer was born on May 11, 1901 in Czernowitz, Bukowina, then part of Austria (today Chernivtsi, Ukraine) as Rosalie Beatrice Scherzer, the daughter of Sigmund and Kathi (née Binder) Scherzer. In 1914, with the outbreak of World War I, the family fled to Vienna, where they stayed until after the end of the war, when they returned to Czernowitz (then Cernăuţi, Romania). In 1919 she began studying literature and philosophy; at this time she also became involved with the philosophy of Constantin Brunner and attended the "Ethical Seminar" in Czernowitz.

In April 1921 Rose immigrated with Ignaz Ausländer to the United States, where Rose had family. For two years she stayed with her relatives in Mississippi before settling in New York City in July 1923. That October she married Ignaz Ausländer; in November 1926 she and her husband became naturalized American citizens. Her first published poem appeared in the New Yorker Volkszeitung in 1929. In 1931 she returned to Czernowitz to care for her mother, where she stayed for some time, although she returned briefly to New York in 1934; by December she had immigrated to Bucharest. During this time her poems were published in various newspapers. In 1937 she lost her American citizenship due to her lack of American residence. Prior to the outbreak of World War II she worked with the literary magazine Klingsor and the Czernowitz newspapers Morgenblatt and Der Tag.

In 1939 Der Regenbogen, her first book of poetry, was published. That August and September she was in New York but in October 1939 returned to Czernowitz to care for her mother. She survived the Nazi era in the ghetto of Czernowitz. After the war she left Czernowitz and came to New York in September 1946, where she supported herself by working as a translator and correspondent. In 1949 Rose Ausländer's first poem in English was published; for the next several years she wrote primarily in English, until 1956. The newspapers Aufbau and Staatszeitung-Harold published some of her poetry as well as her book reviews, while some of her English poetry appeared in literary journals and her translations of others' poetry in anthologies.

In 1965 she moved to Düsseldorf, where she lived until her death on January 3, 1988.


1 Linear Feet


The Rose Auslaender Manuscript Collection centers on drafts of the poet's poems, which comprise the core of this collection. In addition to the drafts of her writing, the collection also contains a small amount of publishing correspondence, some lists of her work and a copy of a short speech.

Related Material

The LBI Library holds many of Rose Auslaender's published works.

The LBI Archives contain a related collection, the Rose Auslaender Collection, AR 4353.

Further papers of Rose Auslaender are held at the Heinrich-Heine-Institut in Düsseldorf.

Processing Information

This collection was processed in April 2012 in preparation of the EAD finding aid. Folder titles were assigned with the aid of notes found on many of the folders as to their contents.

Guide to the Papers of Rose Auslaender (1901-1988) 1981-2002 AR 25487
Processed by Dianne Ritchey
© 2012
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Description is in English.
Edition statement
This version was derived from RoseAuslaender_ManuscriptCollection.xml

Revision Statements

  • December 03, 2013 : Links to digital objects added in Container List.

Repository Details

Part of the Leo Baeck Institute Repository

15 West 16th Street
New York NY 10011 United States