Skip to main content

Leon Kane Collection

Identifier: AR 25188

Scope and Content Note

The Leon Kane Collection consists primarily of research material concerning the life and work of the Austrian politician Robert Danneberg. The Collection is divided in two series. Series Ideals with Leon Kane and includes a questionnaire of the Austrian Heritage Collection about Kane's emigration to the USA. The main part of the Collection is Series II, its bulk containing the research material about Robert Danneberg.

Series II is subdivided into two subseries. Subseries 1 contains documentation. There are records on Danneberg's political correspondence that gives evidence of his works and projects (1903-1932), legal correspondence with the police department of Vienna (1932-1936) and correspondence referring to his arrest (1939-1945). It goes on with documentation on party congresses and official reports to the police about Danneberg and the social democratic movement. Subseries 2 contains writing and research material. Its bulk consists of political writings, essays and articles referring to Danneberg and his work (1906-1934). It also includes the memoirs of Hilde Koplenig-Oppenheimer (1904-1934). Finally, Series II holds the actual complete manuscript of Leon Kane's book Robert Danneberg, ein pragmatischer Idealist and reviews of it, as well as of another book by Kane: Der Fallstrick.


  • 1903-2006


Language of Materials

The collection is in German with a few records in English.

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Access Information

Readers may access the collection by visiting the Lillian Goldman Reading Room at the Center for Jewish History. We recommend reserving the collection in advance; please visit the LBI Online Catalog and click on the "Request" button.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:

Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011


Biographical Note

Leon Kane was born as Natan Leon Kohn in Rzeszów, Poland, on the 20th of March 1913. He grow up in Vienna with his parents and his four sisters. His brother Jakob Kohn died in 1932, at the age of 29. Only four years later, in 1936, his father died, too. Kane began to study at the University of Vienna, but was expelled in 1938. After his first attempt to leave Austria had failed, he crossed the German/Dutch border in fall 1938. Kane obtained a visa to Cuba and went via Belgium to France aboard a boat. As his entry to Cuba was refused, he had to return to France, where he was sent to a labor battalion in Nantes; the German invasion in 1940 offered him the possibility to escape. Kane fled south, crossed the Pyrenees and was imprisoned in Spain for three months before he obtained a visa to the United States. He finally left Europe via Portugal in 1943. Kane got the chance to complete his degree in German studies, which he had started in Vienna, and from 1945 onwards worked for the Engineering Societies Library. His son Felice Kane Morel, was born in New York in 1943. In 1973, at the age of sixty, Leon Kane returned to Vienna in order to start his research on the life and work of Robert Danneberg. He was supported by a grant from the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute. The book was finally published in 1980. Four years later Kane went back to New York where he dedicated himself to private studies. He died in 2003.


1 Linear Feet


This collection consists primarily of research material for Leon Kane’s book, Robert Danneberg, ein pragmatischer Idealist (1980). There are correspondence, writings and articles concerning the political work and arrest of the Austrian social democrat Robert Danneberg (1885-1942). The actual manuscript of Robert Danneberg, ein pragmatischer Idealist is included as well as reviews and some personal documents about Leon Kane.


This collection is on four reels of microfilm (MF 785).

  1. Reel 1: 1/1 - 1/11
  2. Reel 2: 1/12 - 1/17
  3. Reel 3: 1/18 - 1/20
  4. Reel 4: 1/21 - 1/24

Related Material

Two books by Leon Kane are available in the LBI Library: Robert Danneberg, ein pragmatischer Idealist (HX 276 D35 K3) and Der Fallstrick (st 3432).

Separated Material

Books and articles written by Robert Danneberg were removed to the LBI Library, with copies of title pages and copyright information retained in the collection.

Guide to the Papers of Leon Kane (1913-2003) 1903-2006 AR 25188 / MF 785
Processed by Anne-Kathrin Distler
© 2007
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Description is in English.
Edition statement
This version was derived from LeonKane.xml

Revision Statements

  • 2010-03-23 : encoding of linking to digital objects from finding aid was changed from <extref> to <dao> through dao_conv.xsl
  • April 2008.: Microfilm information added.

Repository Details

Part of the Leo Baeck Institute Repository

15 West 16th Street
New York NY 10011 United States