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Richard G. Salomon Collection

Identifier: AR 3862

Scope and Content Note

The collection provides information on Richard G. Salomon's familial life, his occupations in Germany and in the U.S. and features literary works of himself and his relatives. The material of the collection includes printed and handwritten letters, publications, offprints, memoirs and official papers.

The bulk of the collection consists of personal correspondence between Richard and his wife during his journey to the U.S. and of professional correspondence, pertaining to his occupation in Germany and in the U.S. While Series I comprises correspondence, Series II and III include articles by and on Richard G. Salomon, such as some of his publications as well as articles and obituaries on him. In addition, the collection holds writings by relatives of Richard G. Salomon, such as memoirs by Mathilde Loewen Salomon (his daughter-in-law) and publications by Georg Salomon (his father). Another noteworthy component of the collection are papers of a reading circle and a music group which constitute an example of Jewish cultural life during the years of increasing oppression of Jews in Germany. Official papers constitute a further part of the collection. They are comprised of certificates, such as birth, marriage, death and educational certificates, as well as of passports and membership cards.


  • 1848-1990
  • Majority of material found within 1934-1965


Language of Materials

The collection is in German and English.

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Access Information

Collection is digitized. Follow the links in the Container List to access the digitized materials.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:

Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011


Biographical Note

Richard Georg Salomon was born in Berlin on April 22, 1884, the eldest child of Georg Anton Salomon (1849-1916), a medical doctor and lecturer at the University of Berlin and his wife Anna Salomon née Herfort (1856-1931). In Berlin Richard G. Salomon attended the Königliche Friedrich-Wilhelms-Gymnasium and later the University of Berlin where he studied history and completed his doctoral dissertation in February 1907.

From 1907 to 1914 he worked as an assistant at the Department of East European History at the Berlin University and in March 1907, he was also appointed to the editorial staff of the Monumenta Germaniae Historica. Between 1914 to 1916 Salomon served in the Imperial German Army and after his release from the military he lectured at the Colonial Institute in Hamburg, which later was converted into the University of Hamburg. In 1920 he was appointed to the board of the Kulturwissenschaftliche Bibliothek Warburg. In March 1934 Salomon was removed from his academic post on racial grounds. After his dismissal, he started his work on Avignonesischen Akten des Hamburger Archivs.

In 1936 Richard G. Salomon traveled to the U.S. to explore the possibilities of a new position. As the undertaking was successful and Salomon was offered rotating positions to lecture at the University of Pennsylvania, Bryn Mawr College and Swarthmore College, the family immigrated to the U.S. in 1938. In 1939 Salomon had an appointment at the Kenyon College. This later turned into a permanent full professorship for the history department. From 1944 to1945 his academic work was interrupted by his work as research analyst in the Central European Section of the Office of Strategic Services in Washington.

Salomon was appointed Historiographer of the Diocese of Ohio in 1956 and in 1962 he retired from undergraduate teaching and was given the position of an Emeritus at the College and the Seminary. Richard G. Salomon died in Mount Vernon, Ohio on February 3, 1966, leaving behind the two children, George Salomon and Edith Lenneberg, he had with his first wife Gertrud J. Horwitz (1889-1942).


0.75 Linear Feet


The collection holds the papers of Richard G. Salomon, a historian of eastern European medieval history. The collection contains material documenting his professional life in Germany, his four-month journey to the U.S. in 1936, and his professional life after his emigration. It comprises correspondence, official papers, memoirs as well as articles by and on Richard G. Salomon. Additional elements of the collection are writings by Richard's relatives, e.g. his father Georg Salomon and his son, George Salomon.


This collection is on two reels of microfilm (MF 1057):

  1. Reel 1: 1/1 - 1/3
  2. Reel 2: 1/4 - 2/5

Related Material

The LBI Library also holds:

  1. Aus den Avignon-Akten des Hamburgischen Staatsarchives, by George Salomon's father Richard Salomon, CD 1375 H3 S25
  2. Opicinus de Canistris; Weltbild und Bekenntnisse eines Avignonesischen Klerikers des 14 Jahrhunderts, by Richard Salomon, N 7952 O_6 S3
  3. Rat und Domkapitel von Hamburg um die Mitte des 14 Jahrhunderts, by Richard Salomon, DD 901 H22 S3 v. 1
  4. Richard Salomon, 1884-1966, D 15 S25 A4
  5. Georg Salomon; Ein Blatt der Erinnerung fuer seine Freunde, DS 135 G5 S26
  6. "Wer ist John Maynard?" Fontanes tapferer Steuermann und sein amerikanisches Vorbild, by George Salomon, PT 1863 Z78

The LBI Archives also hold:

  1. Photographs from the Salomon Family, Friesack Collection, F AR 5020
  2. Photographs: Views of town and cemetery; Friesack, Brandenburg (Germany), ALB 168
  3. Richard G. Salomon Collection, AR 3862
  4. Ferientage in Friesack, by Georg Salomon, ME 551a
  5. A Stranger's Diary, by George Salomon, ME 552
  6. Jugend-Erinnerungen, by George Salomon, ME 551b

Processing Information

The collection has been catalogued according to George Salomon's arrangement.

Guide to the Papers of Richard G. Salomon (1884-1966) 1848-1990 AR 3862 / MF 1057
Processed by Sophia Nacke
© 2010
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Description is in English.
Edition statement
This version was derived from RichardSalomon.xml

Revision Statements

  • October 2010.: Microfilm inventory added.
  • December 17, 2013 : Links to digital objects added in Container List.

Repository Details

Part of the Leo Baeck Institute Repository

15 West 16th Street
New York NY 10011 United States