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Ernst Scheuer and Rosi Moses-Scheuer Collection

Identifier: AR 25281

Scope and Content Note

The collection consists of personal correspondence, diaries and other manuscripts written by Ernst Scheuer and Rosi Moses-Scheuer. It includes novels and short stories that often are of an autobiographical nature as well as documents regarding Ernst Scheuer’s and Rosi Moses-Scheuer’s life in Germany, France, and French detention centers. It also sheds a light on their struggle for American immigration papers and their subsequent life in New York.

Series 1 contains personal correspondence between Ernst Scheuer and Rosi Moses-Scheuer in France, especially during their detention in French camps in 1939-1940. There also are letters written during vacations and trips before and after 1945, including Ernst Scheuer’s trip to Europe in 1969. This series also includes letters from Ernst’s mother Emma Scheuer to Ernst in France and in New York.

Series 2 contains Ernst Scheuer’s handwritten and typed diaries. The first diary begins in 1921; then there is a gap until the beginning of World War II; from that point on until his death, Ernst Scheuer kept his diary quite continuously. It includes notes of his years in French detention centers, the Spanish prison and the emigration to the United States. It also gives information on the life of German Jews in the United States.

Series 3 consists of manuscripts written either by Ernst Scheuer or by Rosi Moses-Scheuer. Ernst Scheuer’s writings are mostly novels, some exist in several versions or are unfinished. There also are (non-fictional) essays and short stories written between the late 1920s to his death. Rosi Moses-Scheuer wrote primarily memoirs and texts about herself and her family; she wrote most of them after her husband’s death.

Series 4 contains various documents like Rosi Moses-Scheuer’s French working certifications, their French marriage certificate, telegrams, various letters, the visa attestations, newspaper articles, and dedications of Hilde Domin, a German poet.


  • 1870s-1999


Language of Materials

The collection is in German, French, English, Spanish and Portuguese.

Access Information

Readers may access the collection by visiting the Lillian Goldman Reading Room at the Center for Jewish History. We recommend reserving the collection in advance; please visit the LBI Online Catalog and click on the “Request” button

Access Restrictions

Closed for microfilming

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:

Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011


Biographical Note

Ernst Scheuer was born July 22,1906 in Frankfurt/Main. He studied arts in Frankfurt and worked as an editor in Berlin. In 1933 (?) he immigrated to Paris where he worked as a writer. - Rosi Moses was born November 16, 1914 in the small German town Zehdenick/Havel; she emigrated to Paris in 1933 where she worked as a German language teacher and secretary. When Ernst Scheuer was brought to a detention center in Sourioux near Vierzon in September 1939, Rosi, who had a US-Visa since 1935, tried to rescue Ernst by getting married and to travel together to the USA. Instead, Rosi was arrested in May 1940 and sent to a detention center in Southern France. After her release in the summer of 1940, Ernst and Rosi met in Marseille and got married on August 1, 1940. When they attempted to cross the Spanish border on their way to Portugal, the Spanish police arrested Ernst and Rosi Scheuer. They stayed in prison for ca. seven months before being forced to return to France. In July 1941, Ernst and Rosi Scheuer were finally allowed to cross Spain. On August 6, 1941, they took the ill-fated ship “Navemar” in Seville and sailed via Lisbon to New York, where they arrived on September 12, 1941. Ernst’s mother and sister who already lived in New York helped them to settle down. Rosi worked as a secretary, and Ernst tried to establish himself as a writer. Later, Ernst Scheuer acquired a bookstore in Manhattan. In 1946, their daughter Irene was born. Ernst Scheuer died of cancer in 1976, Rosi Scheuer died in 2000 in New York.


1.5 Linear Feet


This collection contains documents, diaries and personal correspondence of Ernst Scheuer and Rosi Moses Scheuer. They document their life in Paris and their imprisonment in French detention centers in 1939-40 and in Spanish prisons 1940-41. The documents illustrate the struggle for U.S. Visas and the subsequent emigration to the United States, as well as the efforts to establish themselves in New York. The collection also contains numerous manuscripts written by Ernst and Rosi Scheuer, a large number of them being autobiographical.

Separated Material

Books with inscriptions/dedications are removed to the library collection. 2 videotapes: Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation; interview 25985: Rose Scheuer Feb 10, 1997 are removed to AV collection (records). Record: Hilde Domin liest aus: Nur eine Rose als Stutz, Wen es trifft, Rueckkehr der Schiffe und Hier. S. Fischer Verlag 1965 is removed to AV collection (records). Numerous photographs of family and friends are removed to the photograph collection.

Guide to the Papers of Ernst Scheuer and Rosi Moses-Scheuer 1870s-1999 AR 25281
Processed by Julia Wambach
© 2007
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Description is in English.

Revision Statements

  • 2010-03-23 : encoding of linking to digital objects from finding aid was changed from <extref> to <dao> through dao_conv.xsl
  • 2017-06-12 : added English translation to Box 1, Folder 19.

Repository Details

Part of the Leo Baeck Institute Repository

15 West 16th Street
New York NY 10011 United States