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Jakob Loewenberg Collection

Identifier: AR 1200 / MF 1030

Scope and Content Note

The collection contains material written by and about Jakob Loewenberg as well as documentation relating to his personal, familial and professional life. There are also numerous photographs and the personal documents, manuscripts and correspondence of his eldest son, Ernst Loewenberg.

Series I contains personal information including documents and certificates and the Loewenberg family tree (1999). An extensive photograph collection is also found here, as well as clippings and articles written about Loewenberg (obituaries, commemorations). There is also information on his work at school, such as event programs and the deed of purchase of his school. Related information such as certain lectures, notes and lesson plans may also be found in Series III (Writings) Subseries 3.

Series II contains exclusively correspondence, the bulk of which is with his son, Ernst, during the years 1912-1919. There are also letters to his wife and other family members, as well as an extensive collection of letters with friends and colleagues, including Detlev von Liliencron. It should be noted that there is additional information and analysis of Loewenberg's correspondence in Series IV, subseries 2, folder 4, as his son compiled and wrote about unpublished letters between his father and other important literary figures of the time. Since, however, they are manuscripts with excerpts of the originals (the originals themselves are not part of the collection) and significant commentary is offered by Ernst throughout, these are not included in this series of original correspondence.

Jakob Loewenberg's writings are found in Series III, which is divided into newspaper articles, speeches, poems and journals. Numerous journal notebooks describing life during World War I can be found here. There is also a subseries with manuscripts and notes related to his position as school director.

The final series comprises personal documentation, correspondence and writings of Ernst Loewenberg, Jakob's eldest son. Included here are many personal documents and certificates, as well as correspondence during and after World War II regarding immigration and reparation. There are also articles he wrote about his father and publications from the Hamburg Jewish community during World War II.


  • 1880-1929
  • Majority of material found within 1890-1925


Language of Materials

The collection is mostly in German with very few English articles or letters.

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Access Information

Collection is digitized. Follow the links in the Container List to access the digitized materials.

Collection is microfilmed - MF 1030.

Readers may access the collection by visiting the Lillian Goldman Reading Room at the Center for Jewish History. We recommend reserving the collection in advance; please visit the LBI Online Catalog and click on the "Request" button.

Access Restrictions

Collection is microfilmed, please use MF 1030.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:

Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011


Biographical Note

Jakob Loewenberg was born on March 9th, 1856 in the village of Niederntudorf near Paderborn in North Rhine-Westphalia. He was inspired to teach at a young age and passed his first teaching examinations at 17 whereupon he taught for five years in the small town of Geseke. Determined to perfect his foreign languages, he then spent time in London and Paris. Upon returning from abroad he studied in Marburg and Heidelberg, where he received his doctorate.

He moved to Hamburg in 1886 with a position teaching English and French at a high school. In 1892 he purchased a private girls school, the Realschule fuer Maedchen, and became its director. The school quickly rose to become one of the most prestigious schools in Hamburg. Loewenberg worked here until his death in 1929. In addition to running the school with great popularity and instituting numerous progressive educational reforms, he was also active as a writer and poet. Though he published regularly during his life, today he is most known for the work he carried out in the field of education. Loewenberg was friends with the poets/writers Detlev von Liliencron, Meier Spanier, Richard Dehmel and Gustav Falke, amongst other poets and writers of his time. He himself regularly published poems, song lyrics and articles (often on the topic of being a German Jew) and also edited the highly popular poetry anthology Vom goldenen Ueberfluss.

Loewenberg married Jenny Stern in 1895 and they had three children, Ernst, Richard and Annette. Loewenberg and his wife died in 1929 and 1930 respectively. All three children managed to escape during the 1930s and, using various routes, eventually ended up in the United States.


1.75 Linear Feet


The collection contains documents and manuscripts written by and about Dr. Jakob Loewenberg, the director of a girls' school in Hamburg from 1892 until his death in 1929. In addition to overseeing the school, Dr. Loewenberg was a poet and friend of relatively well-known German poets and writers of the day. The collection includes correspondence with the latter as well as articles about these friendships by Dr. Loewenberg and his son, Ernst, published after his father's death. Dr. Loewenberg was proud of being German and Jewish and often wrote on the topic. There is also significant correspondence from the Loewenberg family around the time of the First World War, documents on family genealogy, a large photograph collection, poems written by Loewenberg and numerous official personal documents. It also includes correspondence, manuscripts and personal documents of Dr. Ernst Loewenberg, Jakob Loewenberg's eldest son.


Collection is available on 3 reels of microfilm (MF 1030).

  1. Reel 1: 1/1-3/3
  2. Reel 2: 3/4-4/7
  3. Reel 3: 4/5-5/10

Related Material

Letters from Detlev von Liliencron to Jakob Loewenberg are available at the LBI Archives on microfilm only [MF 521].

Separated Material

A photo of the synagogue of Niederntudorf was removed to the LBI Photograph Collection.

Processing Information

The collection was re-organized in October 2009 and the addenda were incorporated into the collection.

Guide to the Papers of Jakob Loewenberg (1856-1929) 1880-1987 AR 1200 / MF 1030
Processed by Julie Dawson
© 2009
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Description is in English.
Edition statement
This version was derived from JakobLoewenberg.xml

Revision Statements

  • 2010-11-30 : encoding of linking to digital objects from finding aid was changed from <extref> to <dao> through dao_conv.xsl

Repository Details

Part of the Leo Baeck Institute Repository

15 West 16th Street
New York NY 10011 United States