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Hans Morgenthau Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 4198 / MF 985 reels 1-4

Scope and Content Note

The first part of the collection (Series 1 = Personal documents) contains personal and official documents such as certificates, student and fraternity papers, visas and affidavits. Among the latter is the file “The United States vs. Matthew Morgenthau”. Hans Morgenthaus son was accused of starting a quarrel with a lieutenant as well as saying “the army is no better than Hitler’s”. The file contains other personal correspondence including a psychological profile of Matthews’s childhood written by his father. Furthermore, the collection includes the Spanish-American correspondence concerning the attempt to retrieve the Morgenthaus belongings from Spain. (The Morgenthaus lived in Spain from 1935 to 1937 and they left Spain at the beginning of the civil war.) The second part of the collection (Series 2 = Correspondence) consists of personal and official correspondence, including letters by family, friends and colleagues to Hans or Irma Morgenthau, as well as letters by the Morgenthaus themselves.

The following individuals and organizations are mentioned in this collection: Ackermann, Fritz ; Alvarez, J. ; American Express ; Anders, Rudolf ; Angerer, Martin ; Arens, Fritz ; Aris, Leonard ; Asch, Ernst ; Asch, Walter ; Bach, Julian ; Bachmann, Sofie ; Bachwitz, Willi ; Baertig, Nellie ; Banco de Vizcaya (Madrid) ; Banco Hispano Americano (Madrid) ; Banque Parisienne pour les Transactions Financieres ; Barlow, Mr. ; Barnet, S.J. ; Barrett, Mary ; Baruch, Herbert ; Bauer, Alfred ; Bauer, Theodor ; Baum, Eugen ; Bausch, Helmut ; Benno Thormann ; Bentley, Campbell, Du Canto & Silvestri (Chicago) ; Ber, Arthur ; Ber, Hermann ; Berger, Else ; Berkenau, Paul ; Berlepsch, Klaus von ; Bernhard, Paul ; Bernheimer, Fritz ; Bernheimer, Louis ; Bernheimer, Max ; Bernheimer, Sigo ; Bieringer, Heinz ; Bieringer, Heinz ; Blanck, Leonhard C. ; Blum, Berthold ; Blumenfeld, Felix ; Blumenfeld, Gerd ; Blumenthal, Curt ; Bohnheim, Paul ; Bremerl ; Brooklyn Bureau of Charities ; Bruehl, Georg ; Brunelle, Paul ; Bucher, Anne ; Burnes, Richard ; Cahn, Carl ; Calhoun, Lillian ; Catoni, Mr. ; Ciocci, Ruth ; Cohen, Herbert Dr. ; Cohen, Ralph ; Cohn, Alice ; Cohn, Erich ; Cohn, Willy Dr. ; Comite International de la Croix-Rouge ; Commerce Trust Company ; Corash, B.G. ; Crailsheimer, Fritz ; Craisheimer, Fritz ; Dach, Felix ; Dachauer, Simon ; Dachauer, Simon ; Daltrop, Josef ; Dammann, Fritz ; Daniel, Max ; Darby, Mrs. ; Davidsohn, Egon Dr. ; Dember, Heinz ; Doctor, Alfred ; Doob, Hugo ; Drey, Fr. ; DuCanto, Joseph N. ;

Eckstein, George ; Eckstein, Guenther ; Eckstein, Lotte ; Eckstein, Max ; Eckstein, Wilhelm ; Ehrenbacher, Edgar ; Ehrlich, Otto ; Ehrmann, Friedrich ; Elsbach, Curt ; Elsbach, Walter ; Endlich, Harold ; Erich Thormann ; Erlanger, Herbert ; Erlanger, Horst ; Erlanger, Walter ; Eskridge, Mrs. ; Eulau, Arthur ; Eulau, Curt ; Eulau, Erich ; Eulau, Hugo ; Eylenburg, Ernst ; Eylenburg, Richard ; Eylenburg, Walter ; Fackemheim, Julius ; Falk, Alfred ; Feibelmann, Moritz; Feldheim, Otto ; Feldheim, W. ; Fillipof ; Fleischer, Herbert ; Fleischer, Willis ; Foster Parents Plan For Spanish Children (New York) ; Frank, Benno ; Frank, Leo ; Frank, Ludwig ; Franken, Hans ; Franken, Hans L. ; Frasher, Gary D. ; Frauenfeld, Rud. ; Freund, Thea ; Freundlich, Erich ; Fried, Richard ; Friedmann, Emil ; Friedmann, Ernst ; Fuchs, Franz Eugen ; G. Levor & Co. ; Gassmann, Karl ; Gassmann, Walter ; Gebrueder Wetsch ; Gellhorn, Alfred ; Germany. Auswaertiges Amt ; Gerngross, Friedrich ; Gerstle, Eugen ; Gibson, Charles R. ; Gluecksmann, Kurt ; Goldberg, Julius ; Goldberg, Max ; Goldschmidt, Clemens ; Goldschmidt, Kurt ; Gottlieb, Frederike ; Greifenhagen, Joh. ; Griesbach, Reinhart ; Gruenfeld, Otto ; Gumbel, Karl ; Gumbert, Arthur ; Gutmann, Carl ; Gutmann, Theodor ; Guttfeld, Martin ;

Haas, Fritz ; Hahn, Willi ; Hamburger, Hans ; Hammelbacher, Hans ; Harburger, B. ; Hegewald, Erich ; Heimann, Kay ; Heineberg, Martin ; Heineberg, Oskar ; Heinemann, Rud. ; Hepner, Heinrich ; Hertz, Wilhelm ; Herz, Erich ; Herzogliches Gymnasium Casimirianum ; Hessberg, Paul ; Hicks, William ; Hilfsausschuss fuer Spanienfluechtlinge (Berlin) ; Hirsch Moritz ; Hirsch, Fritz ; Hirsch, Greta ; Hirsch, Hans ; Hirschfeld, Georg ; Hirschfelder, Mrs. ; Hirschler, Max ; Hirschmann, Hans ; Holland, Harry ; Iffmann, Leonard ; Ilgner, Renate ; Israel, Max ; J.S. Barnet & Sons (Lynn, Mass.) ; Jablonsky, Henny ; Jacoby, Max ; Jaeggli, Rudolf ; Jobs for Teens ; Jocob, Paul ; Kach, Ignatz ; Kahn, Ernst ; Kahn, Max Josef ; Kaiser, Sigmund ; Kann, Steffen ; Katezenstein, Leo ; Katz, Leopold ; Katzenstein, Fritz ; Katzenstein, Fritz ; Kaufmann, Hans ; Kaufmann, Julius ; Kaufmann, Max ; Kaufmann, Rudolf ; Kaufmann, Walter S. ; Kaysing, F.H. ; Keins, J. Pablo ; Kellermann, Heinz ; Kemp, Morris ; Kersten, Ursula ; Kiermaier, Kirl ; Kiermaier, Rudolf ; King, Louise ; Koburger, Josef ; Koburger-Reiss, Karl ; Kohn, Georg ; Kohn, Rudolf ; Koppe, Ernst ; Kraemer, Emil ; Kramer, Paul;Krieger, Hermann ; Krieger, Leonard ; Krould , Harry J. ; Kuehn, Hans ; Kurzmann, Siegfried ;

Laemers, Peter J. ; Landauer, Carl ; Landé, Walter ; Langer, Elisabeth ; Leeser, Eugen ; Lemle, Mrs. ; Lesser, Martin ; Lewandowski, Georg ; Leyton, Alicia ; Lichtenstein, Jul. ; Lichtenstein, Walter ; Lingg, Gustav ; Livermore, Charles P. ; Loeb, Erich ; Loewenherz, Eva R. ; Loewenherz, Walter ; Loewenherz, Walther ; Loewenstein, Max ; Loewenstein, Stanet L. ; Lorch, Ludwig ; Ludoff, Marie ; Luna de, Antonio ; Maennlein, Friedl ; Magnus, Désireé ; Mai, Alfred ; Maier, Herbert ; Mandowsky, Kurt ; Mandowsky, Max ; Marienthal, Julius ; Markus, Otto ; Marschall, Fritz ; Marx, Otto ; May, Emil ; May, Jacob ; May, Martin ; May, Sigmund ; Meissner, Serio ; Mendel, Heinz ; Messow, Kurt ; Meyer, Fritz ; Meyer, Hugo ; Mirauer, Walter ; Mitten, Douglas P. ; Mohr, Alfred ; Moos, Ernst ; Mueller, Josef ; Muenzesheimer, Max ; Muggeridge, Eric G. ; Nasshauer, Hans ; National Council of Jewish Women ; Neter, Erwin ; Neu, Josef ; Neuhaus, Hans ; Neustaetter, Arnold ; Nord, Walter ; Nordheimer, Hans ; Oettinger, Franz ; O'Hara, Barrat ; O'Neill, Hugh ; Oppenheimer, Ernst ; Oppenheimer, Fritz ; Oppenheimer, Karl ; Organizacion Transportes Internacionales y Grupajes Weltifurrer (Madrid) ; Ortweiler, Alfred ; Ostolaza y Vabala, Jose Manuel ; Pashley, James C. ; Perkins, George ; Perlmutter, Alfred ; Perlmutter, Bernhard ; Perlmutter, Nick ; Pfifferling, Siegfried ; Philisterverband Burschenbund Thuringia ; Planelles, Juan de ; Pless, Herbert ; Prasse, Herbert ; Prinz, Leopold ;

Raff, Hermann ; Rappolt, Lilly A. ; Regensteiner, Martha ; Reinach, Hans ; Reinach, Walter ; Richter, Ernst ; Richter, Ernst ; Richter, Otto ; Rosenbaum, Max ; Rosenbaum, Otto ; Rosenbaum, Wilhelm ; Rosenthal, Adolf ; Rosenthal, Albert ; Rosenthal, Erich ; Rosenthal, Ernst ; Rosenthal, Paul ; Rosin, Arthur ; Rothschild, Hugo ; Rothschild, Samuel ; Rothschild, Walter ; Ruppel, Ernst ; Sachs, Leonie ;Saenger, Alfr. ; Saenger, Leon ; Salomon, Gerhard ; Sander, Alex ; Schaalmann, Markus ; Schauer, Georg ; Schiff, Fritz ; Schindler, Hans ; Schlesinger, Edgar ; Schlesinger, Eugen ; Schlesinger, Hans ; Scholle, Sigurd ; Schuetz, WillY ; Schulmann, Fritz ; Schwartz, Heinz ; Schwartz, Herbert ; Schweizer, Paul ; Secretario de la Legacion Espanola (Den Haag) ; Selberg, Hans ; Selbiger, Winfried ; Seligmann, Reinh. ; Senay, Edward C. ; Shoup, Vernon Jr. ; Sichel, Fritz ; Sieburth, Hans ; Sieburth, Robert ; Sieburth, Robert Dr. ; Siegel, Fritz ; Simpson, Howard ; Sommer, Josef ; Sonennberg, Walter ; Sonn, Julius ; Sonneborn, Edgar ; Sonneborn, Fred ; Sonneborn, Ludwig ; Spain. Consulate (U. S., St. Louis, MO) ; Spier, Erich ; Springer, Edmund ; Stein, Hans ; Stein, Reinhart ; Steinhard, Fritz ; Stern, Max ; Stichel, Fritz ; Stone, Mrs. ; Strauss, Edgar ; Strauss, Ernst ; Strauss, Hans ; Strauss, Kurt ; Strub, Irvin ; Stubblefield, Robert ; Stutzmann, Farnz ; Switzerland. Embassy (U.S.) ; Tasse, Heinz ; Tasse, Hugo ; Tasse, Julius ; Tentler, Paul ; Thormann, Eric B. ; Thormann, Ruth ; Tillman, Ray ; Tscharner, J.A. von ; Tuteur, Franz ; Uhlfelder, Bert ; Uhlfelder, Heinz ; Ullmann, Hermann ; Ullmann, Paul ; Ullmann,Julius ; Ulmer, Max ; Union de Banques Suisses (Geneve) ; United States Lines ; University of California ; University of Chicago ; University of Kansas City (Missouri) ; University of Texas. Southwest Medical School ;

Verlag Robert Noske (Leipzig) ; Wachtel, Ernst ; Wachtel, Fritz ; Wachtel, Hans ; Wachtel, Lothar ; Wachtel, Michael ; Waitzfelder, Jacques ; Walter, Otto ; Wedell, Siegm. ; Weil, Richard ; Weilbauer, Eugen ; Weil-Durlacher, Leopold ; Weinberg, Hans Guenther ; Weinberg, Hans Guenther ; Weltifurrer Internatioanle Transport A.G. (Zuerich) ; Wertheim, Arnold ; Wertheimer, Otto ; Western Union ; Wien, Stefan van ; Wiggins, William A. ; Williamson, Robert ;Wilsdorf, Karl ; Windesheim, Ernst ; Wireman, Peggy ; Wissbrunn, Fritz ; Wittenberg, Alice ; Wolfen, Paul ; Wolff, Ernst ; Wollner, Siegm. ; Wollstein, Heinz ; Wunderlich, Ernst ; Wunderlich, George ; Zaks, Misila S. ; Zweigenhaft, S. ; Zwischenschraubendampfer Koenigstein

The following towns, cities and countries are mentioned in this collection: France ; Germany ; Netherlands ; Spain ; Switzerland ; United States ; Amsterdam ; Antwerpen ; Basel ; Bavaria ; Berlin ; Boston ; Buenos Aires ; Chicago ; Coburg ; Dallas ; Den Haag ; Eltmann ; Geneva ; Kaiserslautern ; Kansas City (Missouri) ; Leipzig ; Lynn ; Madrid ; Munich. ; New York ; Nuremberg ; Paris ; Princeton ; Saarguemines ; Washington ; Zurich

Dates

  • 1904-1980

Creator

Language of Materials

This collection is in English, German, French, Spanish.

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Collection has been microfilmed, please use MF 985.

Use Restrictions

Quotation/publication of unpublished material needs written permission by donor.

For more information, contact:

Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011

email: lbaeck@lbi.cjh.org

Biographical Note

German-born American political scientist, historian, and a leading analyst of the role of power in international politics. Born February 17, 1904, in Coburg (Germany), died July 19, 1980, New York, NY (USA)

Educated at the universities of Berlin, Frankfurt, and Munich, Morgenthau trained as a passed to bar and practiced in Munich from 1927 to 1930, when he became a teaching assistant at the University of Frankfurt. From 1931 to 1933 he served as acting president of the Frankfurt labor court. In 1932, he went also to Geneva to teach public law for a year, but because of Adolf Hitler's rise to power in Germany in 1933, he stayed on until 1935. In 1935/36, he taught in Madrid, where he was professor of international law at the Madrid Institute of International and Economic Studies. Morgenthau immigrated to the United States in 1937 (naturalized 1943).

He served on the faculties of Brooklyn College (1937-39), the University of Kansas City (1939-43), and from 1943 to 1971 taught international politics at the University of Chicago. In 1950 he became the director of the Center for Study of American Foreign and Military Policy. From 1968 to 1974 he was professor of political science at the City College of New York. Furthermore Morgenthau taught at the New School for Social Research from 1974 to 1980 and also served as consultant to the U.S. Department of State and Defense, as well as commentator on U.S. current affairs.

Morgenthau was a predominant figure in the post-World War II effort to refocus the study of international relations on the observed regularities of human conduct, rather than the idealistic pursuit of abstract norms. This political realism gained wide influence with the publication of his Scientific Man vs. Power Politics (1947) and especially Politics among Nations (1949), a highly regarded study that presented a modern realist approach to international politics, which became the leading text in field. Central to Morgenthau's theory was the concept of power as the dominant goal in international politics and the definition of national interest in terms of power. He called for recognition of the nature and limits of power and for the use of traditional methods of diplomacy, including compromise.

A contributor to numerous scholarly periodicals and journals of opinion, Morgenthau was also the author of In Defense of the National Interest (1951), Dilemmas of Politics (1958), The Purpose of American Politics (1960), Politics in the Twentieth Century, 3 vol. (1962), and Truth and Power (1970). Many of Morgenthau’s writings were translated into foreign languages.

Hans Morgenthau was married to Irma Morgenthau (neé Thormann). Their son Matthew was born in 1942, when Hans Morgenthau was 38 years old. In 1944, a daughter Susanna was born.

Extent

3.5 Linear Feet

Overview

The first part of the collection (Series 1 = Personal documents) contains personal and official documents such as certificates, student and fraternity papers, visas and affidavits. Among the latter is the file “The United States vs. Matthew Morgenthau”. Hans Morgenthaus son was accused of starting a quarrel with a lieutenant as well as saying “the army is no better than Hitler’s”. The file contains other personal correspondence including a psychological profile of Matthews’s childhood written by his father. Furthermore, the collection includes the Spanish-American correspondence concerning the attempt to retrieve the Morgenthaus belongings from Spain. (The Morgenthaus lived in Spain from 1935 to 1937 and they left Spain at the beginning of the civil war.) The second part of the collection (Series 2 = Correspondence) consists of personal and official correspondence, including letters by family, friends and colleagues to Hans or Irma Morgenthau, as well as letters by the Morgenthaus themselves.

Other Finding Aid

See inventory list.

Microfilm

Collection is available on 4 reels of microfilm (MF 985).
  1. Reel 1: 1/1-2/7
  2. Reel 2: 2/8-3/8
  3. Reel 3: 3/9-6/8
  4. Reel 4: 6/9-Box 7 (Photographs)

Separated Material

Photographs have been removed to the LBI Photograph Collection.

Bibliography

See also "Morgenthau, Hans: The Tragedy of German-Jewish Liberalism" (MS 432) and published version in LBI Library (call number: DS 135 G3 A263 v.4)
Title
Guide to the Hans Morgenthau Collection, 1904-1980  AR 4198 / MF 985 reels 1-4
Status
In Progress
Author
Processed by LBI Staff
Date
© 2009
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English.

Repository Details

Part of the Leo Baeck Institute Repository

Contact:
15 West 16th Street
New York NY 10011 United States