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Albert Salomon Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25522

Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of documentation on several members of Albert Salomon's family. It focuses on research into his life as well as that of his aunt Alice Salomon and additionally includes some information on the Lobbenberg, Liebmann and Salomon family history. The collection includes correspondence on collecting and publishing the writing of Albert Salomon, personal correspondence, biographical articles including obituaries, many photographs, personal papers, family trees, restitution claims and research notes.

Material on Alice Salomon forms Series I. This small series contains some biographical articles on her, writings by her and a few of her personal papers. There is also some correspondence regarding an autobiography of hers.

Series II holds some papers of Hannah Salomon Janovsky, including personal papers and restitution claims. Other papers of hers consist of her correspondence regarding the creation of archives and publishing of works of her family members, specifically her great-aunt Alice Salomon and her father Albert Salomon. Such correspondence is located in Series I and Series IV.

Series III consists of papers of Anna Lobbenberg Salomon as well as of her mother's family, the Liebmanns. It includes some of her personal papers, professional certificates and an essay.

Albert Salomon's papers will be found in Series IV. Much of this series consists of correspondence to and from his daughter Hannah Janovsky regarding the establishment of archives of his work or its publication. This series also holds articles on him, including a detailed one by his daughter and his own writing. Among his own articles is a biographical sketch by him. A few of Albert Salomon's personal papers are here as well, including genealogical material and family trees for the Salomon family.

About half the collection is formed of family photographs, in Series V. These consist not only of photographs of Albert Salomon and his immediate family, but show extended family as well, including members of the Liebmann, Lobbenberg and Loeb families. Some genealogical information is located with the photographs.

Dates

  • 1765-2008
  • Majority of material found within 1972-1983

Creator

Language of Materials

The collection is in English and German.

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Access Information

Collection is digitized. Follow the links in the Container List to access the digitized materials.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:

Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011

email: lbaeck@lbi.cjh.org

Biographical Note<extptr actuate="onload" altrender="Portrait of Albert Salomon (1891-1966)" href="http://digital.cjh.org/webclient/DeliveryManager?pid=1652730" linktype="simple" show="embed" title="Portrait of Albert Salomon (1891-1966)"/>

Albert Salomon was born on December 8, 1891, the eldest son of the Berlin merchant Ernst Salomon and Marianne née Bunzel. The Salomon family originally had Sephardic roots, and came via Holland and Pomerania, with their ancestor Salomon Isaac settling in Berlin in 1765. Albert Salomon had a younger brother, Richard, who died in Auschwitz but whose wife and daughter were able to flee Germany. His father's sister was the social reformer Alice Salomon, known for her work in women's social welfare.

An accomplished student at school, Albert Salomon received his Abitur from the Reformgymnasium Charlottenburg in 1910. He studied first at the University of Berlin, where he found interest in the teachings of various individuals and disciplines, but especially in the work of sociologist Georg Simmel. He moved on to the University of Freiburg, was introduced to the philosophy of Heinrich Rickert, and then went to the University of Heidelberg. Here he came into contact with a diverse group of individuals and areas of study. Among very many others, these included the works of Friedrich Gundolff and Max Weber, about whom he would later write several books and articles. It was in Heidelberg that he would meet others who became well-known in sociology, such as Emil Lederer, Karl Mannheim, Gustav Radbruch and Georg Lukacs.

During World War I he worked first as a stablehand and later in a field hospital. In 1921 he received his doctorate in sociology from the University of Heidelberg. For a time he worked as a bookkeeper at a bank to support himself, and later for his father in his sheepskin import business, while studying philosophers such as Weber in the evenings. He also worked with Rudolf Hilferding on his publication Die Gesellschaft. From 1926-1931 he taught at the Hochschule der Politik, and in 1931 went to teach in Cologne at the Berufspädogogische Institut until forced to leave the position in 1933. On July 29, 1932 he married Dr. Therese Anna Lobbenberg, the daughter of Siegfried and Susanna (née Liebmann) Lobbenberg of Cologne. Shortly after their marriage he contracted polio, which required him to use a cane the rest of his life.

Via the assistance of Emil Lederer, Albert Salomon was offered by Alvin Johnson a position at the New School in New York City, then called the University in Exile. In January 1935 Albert and Anna Salomon sailed from Bremerhaven with their young daughter Hannah; they would later have a son, Frank. Albert's aunt Alice Salomon had also left Germany and resided in New York City until her death in 1948. The family resided first in Riverdale, but eventually moved to Manhattan. In February 1956 Anna Salomon died. Albert Salomon continued to teach at the New School until his death in December 1966.

Extent

1.25 Linear Feet

Abstract

The Albert Salomon Family Collection holds papers of several members of the Salomon family, especially sociologist Albert Salomon, his wife Anna Salomon, his aunt social reformer Alice Salomon, and his daughter Hannah Salomon Janovsky. Much of the collection consists of family photographs. Other prominent materials include correspondence of Hannah Janovsky on the preservation and publication of her family members' writings and articles on the life of Albert Salomon. A small amount of family papers and genealogical information is also present.

Related Material

Both the LBI Library and Archives include further material on Albert Salomon. A numbers of books by and about him are in the LBI Library. In addition, the LBI Archives includes the Albert Salomon Collection, AR 3111 (contents available online). A memoir of his "Im Schatten einer endlosen grossen Zeit: Erinnerungen aus einem langen Leben fuer meine Kinder, jungen Freunde und Studenten" is part of the LBI Memoir Collection, ME 580 (available online). A different version of this memoir is present in this collection.

The University of Konstanz's Sozialwissenschaftliches Archiv includes papers of Albert Salomon.

Material on Alice Salomon will also be found in other archival collections of the LBI. These include the Alice Salomon Collection, AR 3875 (available online). Related are the papers of Ilse Eden, Alice Salomon's great-niece and Albert Salomon's niece. (Ilse Eden Collection, AR 25399), with letters of Alice Salomon. The LBI Library also includes some of Alice Salomon's books, as well as books about her.

The LBI Archives additionally include the Lobbenberg Family Collection, AR 11130.

Separated Material

A flash drive with family photographs of a trip to Berlin and Cologne in 2008 was removed to the LBI Audiovisual Collection. These photographs include visits to family gravesites, attendance at the 100th anniversary of the Alice Salomon Hochschule in Berlin in 2008, and visits to the Jewish Museum and Holocaust Memorial in Berlin, among other subjects.

Processing Information

The series of this collection were created and arranged following the original order observed prior to processing in February 2013. Several large folders in Series I and Series IV were further subdivided, with their former titles retained in their titles or as subseries and untitled folders were assigned titles and placement within series. Within the series, folders were arranged alphabetically by title for ease of use.
Title
Guide to the Papers of the Albert Salomon Family 1765-2008 AR 25522
Status
In Progress
Author
Processed by Dianne Ritchey
Date
© 2013
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
Description is in English.
Edition statement
This version was derived from AlbertSalomonFamily.xml

Revision Statements

  • September 08, 2014 : Links to digital objects added in Container List.

Repository Details

Part of the Leo Baeck Institute Repository

Contact:
15 West 16th Street
New York NY 10011 United States