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Toni Oelsner Collection

Identifier: AR 3970

Scope and Content Note

Toni Oelsner's research works included in this collection refer to anti-Semitism in southern parts of medieval Germany. Her focus is in particular on economic processes and turbulences and their impact on the security of Jews in medieval southern Germany.

Among the material in Series I are newspaper articles by Toni Oelsner that were either published in German or in American newspapers. Correspondence, relating to professional issues, is included in Series I as well. Oelsner gave also an interview for a radio feature on Voice of America. The radio script that refers to anti-Jewish persecutions in medieval Endingen is also arranged in this series.

Academic typescripts in Series II are from the years 1966-1970. Some of Toni Oelsner's articles were published in the Germania Judaica. These articles and research notes for them are arranged in Subseries 2 and 3.


  • 1911-1979
  • Majority of material found within 1960-1979


Language of Materials

The collection is in English and German.

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Access Information

Collection is digitized. Follow the links found under Collection Organization to access the digitized materials.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:

Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011


Biographical Note

Born in 1907, Toni Oelsner studied Sociology and History in Germany until 1934. Oelsner was active in various politically left-leaning organizations, before she immigrated to the United States via England in 1939, where she graduated from the New School for Social Research in New York with a Master's degree.

Research works by Oelsner have been published. Please see the attached list of 'related material' below.


1 Linear Feet


The bulk of this collection consists of typescripts, research articles and notes as well as newspaper articles which the researcher and historian Toni Oelsner wrote on the subject of Jews in medieval Germany. Her research deals with anti-Judaic and anti-Semitic stereotypes, as they appeared in the Christian culture of southern Germany. In particular Oelsner analyzed economic processes and their impact on and creating of anti-Semitic harassment and persecution against Jewish communities in southern Germany. Research works that drew public attention relate to anti-Judaic violent persecutions in Endingen in the 1460s.


The collection is on two reels of microfilm (MF 1092):

  1. Reel 1: 1/1 - 2/26
  2. Reel 2: 2/27 - 2/32

Related Material

The Library of the Leo Baeck Institute holds research works by Toni Oelsner, such as

  1. Wie fuerht Familienforschung zu historischer Forschung zu historische Familienforschung, 1937 [CS 14 O_4]
  2. Three Jewish families in modern Germany, a study of the process of emancipation, 1942 [DS 135 G33 O_38]
  3. The Jewish ghetto of the past, illustrated in the story of the Frankfurt Jewish quarter, 1946 [DS 135 G4 F7 O34]
  4. Wilhelm Roscher's theory of the economic and social position of the Jews in the Middle Ages. A critical examination, 1959 [HB 74 J4 R6 Z6]
  5. Salo W. Baron. A social and religious history of the Jews. Book review, 1971 [DS 112 B3152 O_4]
  6. The place of the Jews in economic history as viewed by German scholars. A critical comparative analysis, 1962 [DS 140.5 O_45 P5]

Separated Material

The Leo Baeck Institute holds research material that Toni Oelsner had requested from the German archive of the city of Augsburg and the Generallandesarchiv in Karlsruhe. It is microfilmed on reel MF 544. Among the material are Kaiser- and Koenigsurkunden as well as Buergerbuecher and Steuerbuecher. There are also research articles by Leopold Loewenstein (Geschichte der Juden am Bodensee und Umgebung) and J. Marmor (die Juden in Konstanz) on the reel.

Guide to the Papers of Toni Oelsner 1911-1979 AR 3970 / MF 1092
Processed by Matthias Hertle
© 2010
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Description is in English.
Edition statement
This version was derived from ToniOelsner.xml

Revision Statements

  • March 2011.: Microfilm inventory added.
  • July 24, 2013 : Links to digital objects added in Container List.

Repository Details

Part of the Leo Baeck Institute Repository

15 West 16th Street
New York NY 10011 United States