Toni and Gustav Stolper Collection
Scope and Contents
The Toni Stolper and Gustav Stolper Collection attests to the Stolpers' rich political and intellectual work in Germany and the United States. The materials provide an intimate account of Toni Stolper's life and career. In many respect they complement the papers of her husband Gustav Stolper, which are located at the Bundesarchiv in Koblenz, Germany.
The collection came to the Leo Baeck Institute in two parts, which were processed separately and not integrated. Both parts contain overlapping materials.
Of particular interest is Toni Stolper's correspondence with leading politicans, economists, historians, and other individuals, including Willy Brandt, Julius Braunthal, Julie Braun-Vogelstein, Heinrich Bruening, Gerd Bucerius, Margaret Chapman (Storm Jameson), Fritz Demuth, Allen Dulles, Ernst Hamburger, Hildegard Hamm-Bruecher, Paul Hertz, Theodor Heuss and members of the Heuss family, Herbert Hoover, Carl Landauer, Lilo Linke, Oscar Meyer, Robert Moses, Martin Niemoeller, Ilona Polanyi, Hans Schaeffer, Else Staudinger, Hans Staudinger, Adlai Stevenson, Dorothy Thompson, Paul Tillich, Ernst Toch, and Gottfried Reinhard Treviranus.
Her correspondence with Else Staudinger and Paul Tillich provides an insight into the work of Selfhelp. In her correspondence with Alvin Johnson, Carl Landauer, and her sister Anna Jerusalem and others the issue of Jewish identity and the role of Jews in the secular world are addressed.
The collection also contains manuscripts and clippings by Toni Stolper on economics, contemporary Germany, and international affairs, and journalistic manuscripts with related correspondence, as well as the diaries of Toni and Gustav Stolper, and of other family members.
The following individuals are also mentioned in this collection: Hamilton Fish Armstrong, Arnold Brecht, Georg Katona, Erich Koch-Weser, Rudolf Olden, Eberhard Pikart, and Erich Welter.
There is also genealogical information about the Kassowitz family.
Photos of the Stolpers, family members, friends, and associates, including photos of Heuss, his paintings, and his family have been removed to the photograph collection.
- Creation: 1866-1990
Language of Materials
The collection is in German and English.
Open to researchers.
Collection is digitized. Follow the links in the Container List to access the digitized materials.
Readers may access the collection by visiting the Lillian Goldman Reading Room at the Center for Jewish History. We recommend reserving the collection in advance; please visit the LBI Online Catalog and click on the "Request" button.
There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:
Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY, 10011
Toni (Antonie) Stolper (née Kassowitz) was born in Vienna on November 22, 1890. She studied law in Vienna and Berlin and completed her disseration in 1917. From 1921 to 1925 she wrote for the weekly Der Oesterreichische Volkswirt. In 1921 she married the journal’s co-editor Gustav Stolper (born in Vienna in 1888). Confronted by the unstable economy of post-war Austria, the Stolpers decided to move to Berlin in 1925, where Gustav Stolper founded Der Deutsche Volkswirt in 1926. The new publication quickly became one of the Weimar Republic’s most respected liberal economic journals. Toni Stolper regularly contributed articles on developments in the British Empire and the Soviet Union as well as other topics. Following Hitler’s appointment as chancellor in 1933, the otherwise critical and incisive Volkswirt was quickly muzzled, like all other publications of its kind. Aware of the precarious political situation, Gustav Stolper carefully prepared for the sale of the Volkswirt and the family’s emigration. The Stolpers left Germany in July 1933 and arrived in the United States in October 1933.
In the US, Toni Stolper remained active in journalism and social politics. As one of the founding members of the emigree relief organization Selfhelp and later a member of the American Council for Emigrees in the Professions, she played a leading role in emigrant assistance programs. An avid writer, she remained in regular contact with German and American scholars and political personalities. She moved to Canada in 1975, and returned to the United States in 1983, where she lived in Alexandria, Virginia. She died October 18, 1988.
Gustav Stolper worked as an economic consultant for business and government. Shortly before his death in 1947, he served as a member of the Hoover Commission on Germany.
Toni Stolper's scholarly works include a biography of her husband Ein Leben in Brennpunkten unserer Zeit, a revised edition of Gustav Stolper's German Economy 1870-1940, and numerous book reviews in publications such as Survey Graphic, Book of the Month, and Saturday Review.
11 Linear Feet
3 Boxes (OS)
The Toni Stolper and Gustav Stolper Collection attests to the Stolpers' rich political and intellectual work in Germany and the United States. The materials provide an intimate account of Toni Stolper's life and career. In many respects, they complement the papers of her husband Gustav Stolper, which are located at the Bundesarchiv in Koblenz, Germany.
This collection is arranged in four series.
- Series I: Personal, undated, 1914-1932
- Subseries 1: Toni Stolper, undated, 1930-1932
- Subseries 2: Gustav Stolper, undated, 1914-1918
- Series II: Correspondence, undated, 1907-1976
- Subseries 1: General Correspondence, undated, 1932-1976
- Subseries 2: Correspondence with Publishers, undated, 1939-1943
- Subseries 3: Family Correspondence, undated, 1921-1975
- Subseries 4: Correspondence of Gustav and Toni Stolper, undated, 1907-1947
- Series III: Writings, 1930-1950
- Series IV: Addenda, undated, 1866-1990
Collection is available on 39 reels of microfilm (MF 481).
- Reel 1: 1/0 - 1/6
- Reel 2: 1/7 - 1/17
- Reel 3: 1/18 - 1/21
- Reel 4: 1/22 - 1/25; 2/1
- Reel 5: 2/2 - 2/4
- Reel 6: 2/5 - 2/7
- Reel 7: 2/8 - 2/10
- Reel 8: 2/11; 3/1
- Reel 9: 3/2 - 3/4
- Reel 10: 3/5 - 3/9
- Reel 11: 3/10 - 3/13
- Reel 12: 3/14 - 3/15; 4/1 - 4/2
- Reel 13: 4/3 - 4/5
- Reel 14: 4/6 - 4/8
- Reel 15: 4/9 - 4/11
- Reel 16: 4/12 - 4/16
- Reel 17: 5/1
- Reel 18: 5/2 - 5/4
- Reel 19: 5/5 - 5/13
- Reel 20: 5/14 - 5/18; 6/1 - 6/2
- Reel 21: 6/3 - 6/4
- Addenda Reel 1: 8/1 - 8/7
- Addenda Reel 2: 8/8 - 8/21
- Addenda Reel 3: 8/24 - 8/27; 7/11 - 7/13
- Addenda Reel 4: 7/13 - 7/14; 8/22 - 8/23; 9/1
- Addenda Reel 5: 9/2 - 9/4
- Addenda Reel 6: 9/5 - 9/8
- Addenda Reel 7: 9/9 - 9/13
- Addenda Reel 8: 9/14 - 9/19
- Addenda Reel 9: 9/20; 10/1 - 10/4
- Addenda Reel 10: 10/5 - 10/10
- Addenda Reel 11: 10/11 - 10/14
- Addenda Reel 12: 10/15 - 10/17; 11/1
- Addenda Reel 13: 11/2 - 11/4
- Addenda Reel 14: 11/5 - 11/10
- Addenda Reel 15: 6/5 - 6/7
- Addenda Reel 16: 6/8 - 6/11
- Addenda Reel 17: 6/12 - 6/16; 7/1 - 7/3
- Addenda Reel 18: 7/4 - 7/10
Photographs have been removed to the LBI Photo Collection.
- Diamant, Paul J. (Person)
- Kassowitz family (Family)
- Stolper, Gustav, 1888-1947 (Person)
- Stolper, Toni (Person)
- American Council for Émigrés in the Professions (Organization)
- Deutsche Demokratische Partei (Organization)
- Hoover Commission on Germany (Organization)
- Selfhelp for German Refugees (Organization)
Genre / Form
- Berlin (Germany)
- Germany (West)
- Germany -- History -- 1918-1933
- Germany -- History -- 1945-1955
- Germany -- Politics and government -- 1918-1933
- United States
- United States -- Emigration and immigration
- Vienna (Austria)
- Toni and Gustav Stolper Collection, 1866-1990 AR 7212 / MF 481
- Processed by LBI Staff
- © 2009
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- Description is in English.
- May 25, 2012. : Links to digital objects added in Container List.
- August 15, 2012. : Biographical note edited.