Philip Bernstein (1911-1995) Papers
Scope and Content Note
The papers of Philip Bernstein, a Jewish communal professional and a leader of American Jewish cultural, civic, and philanthropic life, contain addresses, agendas, articles, budgets, by-laws, correspondence, interviews, minutes, newspaper clippings, photographs, reports, resolutions, speeches, and telegrams. Bernstein's writings and professional papers document his role in the establishment of the National Foundation for Jewish Culture and the National Jewish Community Relations Council as well as his years with the Council of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds. There are also articles and speeches written and delivered over a 50-year span from the 1940s to the 1990s. The collection contains valuable information about many Jewish communal organizations, including unpublished documents concerning the merger of the United Jewish Appeal and the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies of New York. The papers are valuable to researchers studying Jewish history, anti-poverty programs, Jewish communal service, interfaith activities, Israel and Zionism, public welfare, and social policy.
The collection is in English and Yiddish.
- undated, 1932-1995
- Bernstein, Philip, 1911- (Person)
The collection is open to all researchers, except items that may be restricted due to their fragility, or privacy.
No permission is required to quote, reproduce or otherwise publish manuscript materials found in this collection, as long as the usage is scholarly, educational, and non-commercial. For inquiries about other usage, please contact the Director of Collections and Engagement at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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Philip Bernstein was born June 6, 1911 in Cleveland, Ohio, the son of Jacob and Anna (Golufchin) Bernstein. He graduated from the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor in 1932, where he was the student director of the Hillel. He received a Master's of Science degree in Social Administration from the School of Applied Social Sciences at Western Reserve University (now Case Western Reserve University) in 1934. Bernstein was the Executive Secretary of the Cleveland Jewish Community Council and the Assistant Director of the Cleveland Jewish Community Federation from 1934-1943, during which time he also taught social administration classes at Western Reserve University.
Bernstein began his career with the national office of the Council of Jewish Federations (later the Council of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds (CJFWF)) when he and his family moved to New York in 1943. Bernstein was the Director of Field Service for CJFWF from 1943-1947 and the Associate Director of Field Service from 1947-1955, when he became the national Executive Director, a role he held from 1955-1967. He was the Executive Vice President from 1967-August 1979, when he retired. After his retirement, he served as the executive vice-president emeritus and a consultant for CJFWF from 1979 until his death in 1995.
During his many years with the CJFWF, Mr. Bernstein helped to establish the National Foundation for Jewish Culture and the National Jewish Community Relations Council, helped to reorganize the Jewish Agency for Israel and helped to design Project Renewal, a joint program of the government of Israel and the Jewish Agency for Israel, which combats poverty in Israel. He also provided professional guidance for the 1986 merger of the New York Federation of Jewish Philanthropies and the New York United Jewish Appeal, which created the world's largest Jewish communal service organization. In addition, he served on the boards of the National Advisory Committee of the AFL-CIO Community Services Committee; the Brandeis University Institute of Contemporary Jewish Affairs, Advisory Committee; the Citizens' Crusade against Poverty; the Council for Social Planning and Progress Development; the Empire Housing Foundation in New York; the Interreligious Committee Against Poverty, Social Welfare Assembly; the National Assembly for Social Policy and Development; the National Conference on Social Welfare; the National Health and Welfare Retirement Association; the National Interfaith Consultation on Social Welfare, Steering Committee; the School of Advanced Social Studies, Board of Overseers; the U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Ad Hoc Committee on Public Welfare; was the Chairman of the Social Services Division of the United Jewish Appeal-New York Federation of Jewish Philanthropies; was the Chairman of the Executive's Conference of the National Social Welfare Assembly; and was the president of the National Conference of Jewish Communal Services.
Bernstein received honorary degrees from Western Reserve University, Baltimore Hebrew College, and Hebrew Union College. In 1981, he was awarded the Distinguished Service Award by his alma mater, the School of Applied Social Sciences at Case Western Reserve University.
In addition to his 1983 book To Dwell in Unity: The Jewish Federation Movement in America Since 1960, Bernstein published numerous articles both in Jewish and general publications, such as the Journal of Jewish Communal Services, Harper's Magazine, The Nation, Opinion, B'nai B'rith Magazine, American Hebrew, Christian Century, Encyclopedia of Social Work, American Jewish Yearbook, Social Work Yearbook, and many others.
Philip Bernstein and Florence Michaelson were married on June 12, 1938 in Cleveland. They had two sons, Joel and Paul, and a daughter, Judith. Philip Bernstein died on November 18, 1995 at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City at age 84.
7 Linear Feet (14 manuscript boxes)
Language of Materials
The papers of Jewish civic leader Philip Bernstein contain writings and professional papers related to his career with the Council of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds, including his participation in the establishment of the National Foundation for Jewish Culture and the National Jewish Community Relations Council, and his work with many other Jewish communal organizations, including the Jewish Agency for Israel, the Joint Distribution Committee, the United Jewish Appeal, and the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies of New York.
The collection is organized into five series as follows:
- Series I: Interviews, addresses, papers, undated, 1938-1968, 1980-1987
- Series II: To Dwell in Unity, undated, 1981-1986
- Series III: Organizations, undated, 1932-1995
- Subseries A: Cleveland-Mandel Non-Profit Center, undated, 1983-1986
- Subseries B: Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), undated, 1969-1994
- Subseries C: Jewish Agency for Israel, undated, 1980-1986
- Subseries D: National Conference on Soviet Jewry, undated, 1988-1989
- Subseries E: United Jewish Appeal-Federation of New York Merger, undated, 1975-1994
- Subseries F: Committee to Explore the Future of United Jewish Appeal and Federation (CEFRUF), undated, 1983-1989
- Subseries G: Project Renewal, undated, 1970-1990
- Subseries H: Independent Sector, undated, 1973-1995
- Subseries I: Council of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds (CJFWF), undated, 1932-1989
- Subseries J: Joint Distribution Committee (JDC) Searches, undated, 1986-1987
- Subseries K: Jewish Community Centers Association (JCCA), 1971, 1992-1994
- Subseries L: Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society (HIAS), undated, 1991-1992
- Subseries M: Jewish Agency, undated, 1969-1986
- Series IV: Soviet Jews, undated, 1976-1981, 1995
- Series V: Bernstein Speeches, undated, 1942-1995
Donated by Florence Bernstein in December 1998.
Previous Finding Aids and Concordance
This finding aid supersedes the November 2009 finding aid. A concordance has been created linking the box and folder numbers from that inventory to the current arrangement. It has been provided for reference and can be used to track previous citations. The concordance can be found here: http://digital.cjh.org/3976924
There is no information about materials that are associated by provenance to the described materials that have been physically separated or removed.
The collection was processed by Harriet Obus and Marvin Rusinek in 2009 and a finding aid was created in November 2009. At that time, one linear foot of materials from Rabbi Philip S. Bernstein (1901-1985) was inadvertently included in the collection. In August 2016, the materials related to Rabbi Bernstein were removed from this collection. Plastic clips and deteriorating plastic sleeves were removed. Boxes were consolidated to save space and reduce damage to the material. Folders were renumbered and a concordance was created linking the previous box and folder numbers to the new numbers. Biographical information and additional collection-level description was revised to better represent the life and career of Philip Bernstein the civic leader.
- Agendas (administrative records)
- American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee
- Bernstein, Philip, 1911-
- Bylaws (administrative records)
- Clippings (information artifacts)
- Council of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds
- Economic assistance, Domestic
- Emigration and immigration
- Fisher, Max M.
- Gardner, John W. (John William), 1912-2002
- Gitelman, Zvi Y.
- HIAS (Agency)
- Independent Sector (Firm)
- JCC Association
- Jewish Agency for Israel
- Minutes (administrative records)
- National Conference on Soviet Jewry (U.S.)
- National Foundation for Jewish Culture (U.S.)
- National Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council (U.S.)
- New York (N.Y.)
- Public welfare
- Resolutions (administrative records)
- Schenker, Avraham, 1918-
- Social policy
- Speeches (documents)
- Tisch, Laurence A., 1923-2003
- United Jewish Appeal--Federation of Jewish Philanthropies of New York
- Guide to the Philip Bernstein (1911-1995) Papers, undated, 1932-1995 P-877
- Processed by Harriet Obus and Marvin Rusinek. Additional processing by Rachel S. Harrison
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- Description is in English.
- Processed as part of the Leon Levy Archival Processing Initiative, made possible by the Leon Levy Foundation.
- Edition statement
- [This version was derived from P-877 PBernstein.xml]
- October 2020: RJohnstone: post-ASpace migration cleanup.