Leon J. Obermayer, papers
Scope and Content Note
The collection contains correspondence, documents, and newspaper clippings relating to the life and activities of Obermayer in local and national Jewish organizations.
The correspondence and other materials concerning the Board of Public Education of Philadelphia, on which he served as member and then president 1955-1961 (of special interest are the papers pertaining to communism in the schools, educational television, and the problems of minority students); the American Jewish Historical Society of which he served as a member, president and chairman of the Exec. Council (of special interest is the material pertaining to the litigation over the Society's move to Waltham); the Symphony Club (1959-1966); the Penn. Advisory Committee, U.S. Commission on Civil Rights (1958-1960); the Penn. Alcoholic Beverage Study (1961-1967); the Heart Association of Southeastern Penn. (1964-1965); the National Committee on Employment of Youth (1965-1968); the American Bar Association Special Committee on Investigation, Solicitation and Handling of Personal Injury Claims (1957-1959); the Committee on Legal Ethics and Grievances (1961-1969); the Penn. Prison Society (1964-1969); the Phila. YM & YWHA (1925-1940, 1967-1968); the Hebrew Sunday School Society (1919-1970); the Union of American Hebrew Congregations, with special reference to Edmond Cahn's opposition to the establishment of Reform Jewish day schools (1964-1965); the Hebrew Union College (1964-1968); B'nai B'rith (1957-1967) and the Philadelphia Bar Assoc. (1937-1977).
The collection is valuable to researchers interested in the history of Philadelphia, the history of education in Philadelphia, U.S. education, Black-Jewish relations, Reform Judaism in the U.S., education and discrimination, and anti-Semitism in Philadelphia.
The collection is in English.
- undated, 1913, 1919-1920, 1922, 1924-1930, 1932-1934, 1936-1973, 1976-1978
- Obermayer, Leon J. (Person)
Language of Materials
The collection is in English.
The collection is open to all researchers, except items that may be restricted due to their fragility, or privacy.
No permission is required to quote, reproduce or otherwise publish manuscript materials found in this collection, as long as the usage is scholarly, educational, and non-commercial. For inquiries about other usage, please contact the Director of Collections and Engagement at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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Leon Jacob Obermayer (1886-1984)
Leon Jacob Obermayer was born on September 24, 1886, in Sciota, Illinois. He was a lawyer and a civic and communal leader.
The son of Hermann and Veronika (Lehman) Obermayer, he attended Central High School in Philadelphia, and the University of Pennsylvania. In 1908, he received his L.L.B. In 1923, he married Julia Sinsheimer. They had three children: Herman, Helen Sellers and Arthur. Leon, a lifelong Philadelphian, was voted one of Philadelphia's 50 most outstanding citizens by Philadelphia Magazine on its 50th anniversary.
Obermayer's father died in 1897, at which point Leon's brother Henry assumed a working role while Leon attended school. Leon went on to attend a competitive school, Central High School, and later served as president of the school's alumni association. He also served as his class archivist/historian. Leon's papers contain his annotated annual alumni directories tracking the lives and deaths of each of the men who graduated from his year.
After a year of undergraduate work at the Wharton School, one of Obermayer's former teachers at Central High School, Franklin Spencer Edmonds, encouraged Obermayer to attend law school at the University of Pennsylvania. "Mr. Edmonds" left Central High School to form his own law firm and upon graduation, Obeymayer joined the firm. In 1925, the firm's name changed to Edmonds, Obermayer, and Rebmann. It still exists today under the name: Obermayer, Rebmann, Maxwell and Hippel.
Eventually, Obermayer's firm became one of the largest and most successful civil litigation firms in Philadelphia. Obermayer himself was a specialist in trusts and estates. He served as chair of the Board of Governors of the Philadelphia Bar Association and chair of the Ethics Committee and vice president of the Pennsylvania Bar Association, chairman of the Board of Governors of the Philadelphia Bar Association and chairman of its Committee on Professional Guidance. In 1971, Leon received the Philadelphia Bar Association's Fidelity Award for his lifelong commitment to the law and remained active in the practice of law.
He remained professional active until just a few weeks before his death; on his 90th birthday, Leon revealed to the Philadelphia Ledger that he still went into the office five or six days a week. In 2002, Leon was inducted in the new Philadelphia Bar Association's Hall of Fame.
Besides his regard for the law, Obermayer also possessed a concern for children, serving as chair of the Philadelphia Council of the Boy Scouts of America, and participating in the organization on the national level. He also worked in the service of public education, the care of the mentally disabled, vocational training, religious instruction, and care of the elderly, as well as a myriad of other humanitarian causes.
In 1938, Obermayer joined the Philadelphia Board of Public Education, and remained on the Board for more than 23 years. During the height of the anti-Communist purges in America, Obermayer called for the firing of teachers invoking the First or Fifth Amendments to the Constitution before the House Un-American Activities Committee during the 1950s. Although the teachers were initially fired, they were reinstated by a federal appeals court. Libo and Feldberg note that "despite his conservative stance on loyalty issues, Leon proved himself a liberal regarding most other issues during his tenure on the board. Two years after Leon's term as president, the first of the major civil rights measures passed Congress and the United States made a commitment to desegregation, civil rights for African-Americans and the equality of opportunity for all of the nation's citizens."
Obermayer took a clear stance that racial discrimination was wrong, and that public education was an important means by which to encourage upward mobility and opportunity for all of Philadelphia's citizens. As president of the school board, Leon studied the issues raised by unequal education, and encouraged the Philadelphia School District's managers to train the city's public school teachers to combat racism, and pushed for improved Philadelphia schools. Among these improvements were: the funding of university professors to educate in math, language, and science; mainstreaming mentally and physically handicapped students into regular classrooms rather than isolating them into separate ones; strengthening vocational training programs; and providing internships for students in his law firm; and pushing for music and art education. He retired from the Board of Education in 1961.
Obermayer was a staunch Republican and worked actively in the Republican Party. In regards to his congregational affiliation, he was a member and the president of Congregation Adath Jeshurum until 1935, when he resigned after a dispute with the Congregation's rabbi. Obermayer and his wife then moved on to Congregation Rodeph Shalom where they funded the newsletter and served as various officers of the Congregation. Obermayer also served on the board of the Albert Einstein Medical Center and was president of the Young Men's Hebrew Association.
In 1921, Obermayer joined the American Jewish Historical Society, and served as its President in 1963. During his time as President, Obermayer helped the AJHS to establish a permanent (at the time) home in Waltham, MA, on the campus of Brandeis University, with the help of a large bequest by former AJHS president Lee M. Friedman, who wanted a permanent home for the Society. According to Libo and Feldman:
"When time came for the AJHS Board of Trustees to select a site for the organization's first real home, controversy arose. Some members insisted that New York City remain the Society's base of operations. A small group wanted AJHS to move to Philadelphia. A third faction argued in favor of a solution in which AJHS would acquire a parcel of land at Brandeis University and construct its new building in Waltham, MA. Feelings over the question of where to relocate became heated and divided the trustees. Leon favored the Brandeis proposal, where Abram L. Sachar, the university's president, promised to employ the university's academic resources to assist the Society in establishing its new home. Forty-seven percent of the board voted for Waltham, forty-three percent for New York and ten percent voted for Philadelphia. AJHS began building its Waltham facility under Leon's direction and the holdouts formed what is now the Jewish Historical Society of New York. The Society's budget expanded greatly under Leon's stewardship and its new home provided at the time the largest space in the United States dedicated solely to preserving the historical record of the American Jewish experience." (The AJHS eventually joined forces with the Center for Jewish History located in New York City and keeps its current New England and Boston collections in Newton Centre, MA.)
The Obermayers had an extensive Judaica collection, and reached out to some of their cousins living in Germany at the time of Hitler's rise, asking them to purchase any Judaica objects they could find. When their relatives purchased items, the Obermayers put the money used aside to help relatives and others flee Germany to the States, Cuba, or Costa Rica, but many of these efforts to help did not pan out. Obermayer attempted to persuade governments to accept Jewish German refugees but was thwarted. Obermayer represented the International Committee for Jewish Refugees and was almost successful in getting Costa Rica to accept more Jews from Europe, but his plans fell through after meeting with that country's President Leon Cortes Castro. He did eventually get some of his relatives out of Germany.
An avid traveler, Obermayer first visited Israel in 1951. According to Libo and Feldberg: "During the family trip, the Obermayers had the opportunity after Shabbat services to visit the home of Rabbi Isaac Herzog, the Chief Rabbi of Israel. When Leon told Rabbi Herzog that he was active in the Reform Congregation Rodeph Shalom in Philadelphia, the rabbi's response was 'Then you really are goyim.' That comment shocked the family and intensified Leon's desire to see Reform Judaism gain a foothold in Israel. Leon was well connected with the Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion." That institution conferred an honorary degree of Doctor of Hebrew Letters on Obermayer in 1954. He joined their board in 1958, and became its vice chairman in 1962.
Obermayer was a friend of the college's president, Nelson Glueck, a world renowned archaeologist who had spent many years in the Middle East on archaeological digs. In 1963, with Leon's encouragement, the HUC opened a Biblical and Archaeological School in Jerusalem. Until that time, no Reform synagogues were allowed in Israel, and the HUC was reluctantly allowed to have a chapel for limited use within its own facilities. The acceptance of Reform Judaism in Israel increased with the establishment by HUC in 1970 of a Year-in-Israel Program for U.S. rabbinical students, and eventually, a program to train Reform rabbis to serve in Israel.
Despite his self-critical nature, Leon's skill as an orator and narrator was legendary. As his son Herman reflected at Leon's eulogy, by virtue of his strength of character and charisma, wherever Leon sat became the head of the table. He never lost his sociability or enjoyment of companionship. His 90th birthday party in September, 1976 had 250 attendees, including: his three children, nine grandchildren, Senator Hugh Scott, David Maxwell, and Bernard Segal (both former presidents of the American Bar Association), and several judges. Social and active for the duration of the event, tt one point, he engaged with repartee with bandleader Harold Ruben, who provided music for the occasion. Ruben remarked to Leon, "I played at your 80th birthday party." Leon replied, "I hope you play at my 100th!"
That was not to be. On October 2, 1984, Leon Jacob Obermayer passed away at the age of 98. He remained mentally alert and physically active up to six weeks before his death. He celebrated his ninety-eight birthday with his wife, children and their spouses. The next day, he went to bed, never got up, and died a week later with no apparent suffering. Julia Julia lived another 12 years, still very much the center of the Obermayer family.
For a listing of civic, religious and professional organizations Leon belonged to, please consult The Obermayers: A History of a Jewish Family in Germany and America 1618-2009.
Libo, Kenneth and Michael Feldberg. The Obermayers: A History of a Jewish Family in Germany and America 1618-2009. Massachusetts: Obermayer Foundation Inc., 2009.
Who's Who in American Jewry, 1980. AJHS Call # E184.J5 W6
The Concise Dictionary of American Jewish Biography, vol. 2. AJHS Call # E184.J5 C653 1994
10.5 Linear Feet (21 manuscript boxes)
The collection contains correspondence, documents, and newspaper clippings relating to the life and activities of Obermayer in local and national Jewish organizations. Includes: correspondence and other materials concerning the Board of Public Education of Philadelphia on which he served as member and then president 1955-1961 (of special interest are the papers pertaining to communism in the schools, educational television, and the problems of minority students); the American Jewish Historical Society of which he served as a member, president and chairman of the Exec. Council (of special interest is the material pertaining to the litigation over the Society's move to Waltham); the Symphony Club (1959-1966); the Penn. Advisory Committee, U.S. Commission on Civil Rights (1958-1960); the Penn. Alcoholic Beverage Study (1961-1967); the Heart Association of Southeastern Penn. (1964-1965); the National Committee on Employment of Youth (1965-1968); the American Bar Association Special Committee on Investigation, Solicitation and Handling of Personal Injury Claims (1957-1959); the Committee on Legal Ethics and Grievances (1961-1969); the Penn. Prison Society (1964-1969); the Phila. YM & YWHA (1925-1940, 1967-1968); the Hebrew Sunday School Society (1919-1970); the Union of American Hebrew Congregations, with special reference to Edmond Cahn's opposition to the establishment of Reform Jewish day schools (1964-1965); the Hebrew Union College (1964-1968); B'nai B'rith (1957-1967) and the Philadelphia Bar Assoc. (1937-1977).
The collection is organized into six series as follows:
- Series I: Personal Papers, undated, 1925-1926, 1932-1933, 1942, 1948, 1954, 1956-1969, 1971-1973, 1976-1978
- Series II: Philadelphia Board of Public Education, undated, 1930, 1938-1941, 1943-1946, 1948-1966
- Subseries A: Chronological Correspondence, 1953-1966
- Subseries B: Correspondence by subject, undated, 1930, 1938-1941, 1943-1946, 1948-1965
- Subseries C: Board of Public Education re Communism, undated, 1948-1962
- Series III: American Jewish Historical Society, undated, 1950, 1957-1973
- Subseries A: Chronological Correspondence, 1961-1973
- Subseries B: Correspondence, undated, 1958, 1961-1970, 1972
- Subseries C: Correspondence and Documents re: AJHS Bequests, 1967-1971
- Subseries D: Correspondence re: Move to Brandeis(Friedman Estate Correspondence), undated, 1957-1967
- Subseries E: Court Papers re: Move to Brandeis, undated, 1950, 1957-1959, 1962-1966
- Series IV: Activities in National and Local Organizations, undated, 1955-1968
- Subseries A: Correspondence, undated, 1955-1968
- Subseries B: Correspondence and Papers, 1955, 1957-1962, 1964, 1966-1967
- Series V: Activities in Legal Associations, undated, 1937, 1942, 1949, 1955, 1957, 1959, 1961-1969, 1972, 1977
- Series VI: Activities in Jewish Organizations (alphabetical), undated, 1913, 1919-1920, 1922, 1924-1930, 1933-1934, 1936-1938, 1940-1947, 1965
- Subseries A: Correspondence, undated, 1913, 1919-1920, 1922, 1924-1928, 1933-1934, 1936-1938, 1940
- Subseries B: Reports and Articles, undated, 1922, 1926, 1929-1930, 1937-1938,1941-1947, 1965
Donated by Leon J. Obermayer, 1974-1975.
- Antisemitism -- United States
- B'nai B'rith
- Black people -- Relations with Jews
- Boy Scouts of America
- Cahn, Edmond Nathaniel, 1906-1964
- Clippings (information artifacts)
- Communism -- United States
- Discrimination in education
- Education -- United States
- Hebrew Sunday School Society of Philadelphia (Pa.)
- Hebrew Union College
- Jacobs, Maurice, 1896-1984
- Philadelphia (Pa.)
- Reform Judaism -- United States
- Scouting (Youth activity)
- Speeches (documents)
- Television broadcasting
- Union of American Hebrew Congregations
- Young Men's and Young Women's Hebrew Association of Philadelphia
- Guide to the Papers of Leon J. Obermayer (1886-1984), undated, 1913, 1919-1920, 1922, 1924-1930, 1932-1934, 1936-1973, 1976-1978 *P-141
- Processed by Marvin Rusinek
- © 2009
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- Finding aid written in English.
- April, July 2020: EHyman: post-ASpace migration cleanup.
Part of the American Jewish Historical Society Repository
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New York NY 10011 United States