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Expense and Address Ledger, 1890 - 1895

 Item — Box: 1

Scope and Contents

This first diary of Florence Lowenstein Marshall consists of lists regarding a number of personal and household-related details and could more properly be called a ledger.

Florence begins the ledger with addresses and lists of Letters Received/Letters Written with dates. Some persons written to are listed, but in many cases, the date of the letter only is recorded, under the name of the person named on the list. The ledger contains numerous addresses of persons or places and used also as an address book.

The ledger also lists personal grooming dates such as baths taken or expenses including hairdressings and dressmakers as well as weight loss. Of particular note—located on the inside front cover—Florence logs her weight loss between March 4, 1895 to April 13, 1895, with a starting weight of 143lbs. and ending at 137lbs. This notation of weight loss may be noted in accordance with her impending nuptuals. Marshall proposed on March 3 and the engagement was announced March 4, 1895. They were married by Rabbi Gustave Gottheil on Florence's birthday, May 6, 6:15 P.M. with a reception and stay at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, then located at 5th Avenue and 33rd Street. The menu for the wedding may be found on page 10 of the "Florence Marshall Diaries, 1894-1916" manuscript by Peter Schweitzer. The ledger also contains notations of additional weight loss during the years.

The diary/ledger includes household finances such as payments to drivers, chambermaids, waiters, and hotel staff tips as well as sundry purchases. Payments for music, riding, French and German lessons are noted, among other entertainment and general expenses and donations.


  • 1890 - 1895


Conditions Governing Access

The collection of Florence Marshall's original diaries is restricted. Annotated typescript copies of the Florence Marshall diaries are included in the collection. However, all materials, both images of Florence's original diaries and all annotated typescripts, are digitized and available to view online. Please use the online resource only.


1 Volumes : Ledger of expenses.

Language of Materials

From the Collection: English

Materials Specific Details

The ledger is divided into two parts. The front title cover section which covers notations of letters written and received and the second part starting from the back cover listing expenses. The two sections meet between pages 70 and 71, containing two blank pages. The Digipres browser link allows the user to rotate the digital images so that the expenses side of the ledger is right side up.

Transcription Note

This ledger is not transcribed. The ledger is viewable online.

Repository Details

Part of the American Jewish Historical Society Repository

15 West 16th Street
New York NY 10011 United States